Characterization of bioaerosols from dairy barns : reconstructing the puzzle of occupational respiratory diseases by using molecular approaches

Authors: Blais Lecours, PascaleVeillette, MarcMarsolais, DavidDuchaine, Caroline
Abstract: To understand the etiology of exposure-related diseases and to establish standards for reducing the risks associated with working in contaminated environments, the exact nature of the bioaerosol components must be defined. Molecular biology tools were used to evaluate airborne bacterial and, for the first time, archaeal content of dairy barns. Three air samplers were tested in each of the 13 barns sampled. Up to 106 archaeal and 108 bacterial 16S rRNA genes per m3 of air were detected. Archaeal methanogens, mainly Methanobrevibacter species, were represented. Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula, the causative agent of farmer’s lung, was quantified to up to 107 16S rRNA genes per m3 of air. In addition, a wide variety of bacterial agents were present in our air samples within the high airborne bioaerosol concentration range. Despite recommendations regarding hay preservation and baling conditions, farmers still develop an S. rectivirgula-specific humoral immune response, suggesting intense and continuous exposure. Our results demonstrate the complexity of bioaerosol components in dairy barns which could play a role in occupational respiratory disease
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 24 February 2012
Open Access Date: 15 November 2016
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 78(9):3242-3248 (2012)
American Society for Microbiology
Alternative version: 10.1128/AEM.07661-11
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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