Non-culturable bioaerosols in indoor settings : impact on health and molecular approaches for detection

Authors: Blais Lecours, PascalePerrott, PhillipaDuchaine, Caroline
Abstract: Despite their significant impact on respiratory health, bioaerosols in indoor settings remain understudied and misunderstood. Culture techniques, predominantly used for bioaerosol characterisation in the past, allow for the recovery of only a small fraction of the real airborne microbial burden in indoor settings, given the inability of several microorganisms to grow on agar plates. However, with the development of new tools to detect non-culturable environmental microorganisms, the study of bioaerosols has advanced significantly. Most importantly, these techniques have revealed a more complex bioaerosol burden that also includes non-culturable microorganisms, such as archaea and viruses. Nevertheless, air quality specialists and consultants remain reluctant to adopt these new researchdeveloped techniques, given that there are relatively few studies found in the literature, making it difficult to find a point of comparison. Furthermore, it is unclear as to how this new non-culturable data can be used to assess the impact of bioaerosol exposure on human health. This article reviews the literature that describes the non-culturable fraction of bioaerosols, focussing on bacteria, archaea and viruses, and examines its impact on bioaerosol-related diseases. It also outlines available molecular tools for the detection and quantification of these microorganisms and states various research needs in this field.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 20 March 2015
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Atmospheric environment, Vol. 110, 45–53 (2015)
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.03.039
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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