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Publication :
NBS-SNI, an extension of the Network-based statistic : abnormal functional connections between important structural actors

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MIT Press

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Structures organisationnelles

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Elucidating the coupling between the structure and the function of the brain and its development across maturation has attracted a lot of interest in the field of network neuroscience in the last fifteen years. Mounting evidence support the hypothesis that the onset of certain brain disorders is linked with the interplay between the structural architecture of the brain and its functional processes, often accompanied with unusual connectivity features. This paper introduces a method called the Network-based statistic-simultaneous node investigation (NBS-SNI) that integrates both representations into a single framework, and identifies connectivity abnormalities in case-control studies. With this method, significance is given to the properties of the nodes, as well as to their connections. This approach builds on the well-established Network-based statistic (NBS) proposed in 2010. We uncover and identify the regimes in which NBS-SNI offers a gain in statistical resolution to identify a contrast of interest using synthetic data. We also apply our method on two real case-control studies, one consisting of individuals diagnosed with autism and the other consisting of individuals diagnosed with early-psychosis. Using NBS-SNI and node properties such as the closeness centrality and local information dimension, we found hypo and hyperconnected subnetworks and show that our method can offer a 9 percentage points gain in prediction power over the standard NBS.



Network Neuroscience (2023)



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Brain disorders, Structural Connectivity, Functional Connectivity, Centrality measures, Anatomical measurements


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