Publication :
Effect of weight reduction on quality of life and eating behaviors in obese women

En cours de chargement...
Vignette d'image
Lemoine, Sophie
Rossell, Nadia
Garnier, Sophie
Sanguignol, Frédéric
Direction de publication
Direction de recherche
Titre de la revue
ISSN de la revue
Titre du volume
Projets de recherche
Structures organisationnelles
Numéro de revue

Objective: To examine the impact of a 3-week weight-reducing program on body composition, physical condition, health-related quality of life, and eating behaviors of sedentary, obese (body mass index, 29-35 kg/m2) women, according to menopausal status and menopause duration (<5, >=5, and >=10 y). Design: Thirteen premenopausal and 27 postmenopausal women received a dietary plan of 1,400 ± 200 kcal/day and completed 110-minute endurance exercise 6 days per week. Body mass index, fat mass, lean mass, distance walked in the Six-Minute Walk Test, health-related quality of life estimated by the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and eating behaviors (restriction, disinhibition, and susceptibility to hunger) assessed by the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire were determined before and after weight reduction. Results: Body mass index and fat mass decreased (P < 0.0001), whereas distance walked increased in both groups after weight reduction (P < 0.001). Although the SF-36 mental component score increased after weight loss in both groups (P < 0.0001), the SF-36 physical component score increased in postmenopausal women only (P < 0.001). Restriction increased (P < 0.0001), whereas disinhibition and susceptibility to hunger decreased after weight reduction (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01, respectively) in both groups. Distance walked and SF-36 physical component score after weight loss were higher in women whose menopause ranged between 5 and 9 years and exceeded 10 years, respectively (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Our study shows that a short-term weight-reducing program combining caloric restriction and physical activity has a favorable impact on women's body composition, physical condition, health-related quality of life, and eating behaviors irrespective of their menopausal status.

Menopause, Vol. 14 (3), 432–440 (2007)
URL vers la version publiée
Women , Obesity , Weight reduction , Physical activity , Menopause
Type de document
article de recherche