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Pharmacist-led transitions of care for older adults at risk of drug-related problems : a feasibility study

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Cossette, Benoit
Ricard, Geneviève
Poirier, Rolande
Gosselin, Suzanne
Langlois, Marie-France
Breton, Mylaine
Rodrigue, Claudie
Lessard-Beaudoin, Mélissa
Teasdale, Julie
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Background: Transitions of care (TOC) is one of three key action areas identified in the World Health Organization (WHO)’s third Global Patient Safety Challenge, Medication Without Harm, released in 2017. Systematic reviews have shown that TOC interventions can improve health outcomes, although few studies have evaluated the role of the community pharmacist. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of a pharmacist-led TOC intervention for older adults at risk of drug-related problems. Methods: Pragmatic feasibility study conducted in hospital and community pharmacies in a health region of Quebec, Canada. The interventions consisted of a pharmaceutical care plan developed by the hospital pharmacist and transferred at hospital discharge to the patients’ community pharmacist, who completed patient consultations in the week following discharge and monthly for six months thereafter. Feasibility evaluations included recruitment, retention, time required, types of interventions, and modified classes of medications, based on clinical data entered in an electronic health record accessible to clinicians in all settings. Results: Of the 90 recruited patients, 76 were discharged with a pharmaceutical care plan. The mean age of these 76 subjects was 79.5 years, and 52.6% were female. The most frequent inclusion criteria were 15 or more medications (57.9%), two or more emergency department visits (past three months), or one or more hospitalization (past twelve months) (42.1%). The hospital pharmacist interventions took a mean time of 222 min. The community pharmacist interventions took a mean time of 52 min and 32 min for the first and subsequent visits, respectively. Therapeutic goals were documented for 60.5% of patients. Conclusions: This study shows the feasibility of implementing a pharmacist-led TOC intervention in the Canadian context. Development of the TOC model in three health regions is currently being pursued along with the inclusion of primary care clinics who recently added pharmacists to their interdisciplinary teams.

Research in social and administrative pharmacy, 1-6 (2020)
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Pharmacist , Transitions of care , Older adults , Electronic health record , Interdisciplinary , soins de transition
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article de recherche