Publication :
Peptides from milk protein hydrolysates to improve the growth of human keratinocytes in culture

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Date
2004-07-01
Direction de publication
Direction de recherche
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Éditeur
Elsevier Applied Science
Projets de recherche
Structures organisationnelles
Numéro de revue
Résumé
Milk and colostrum are known to contain constituents having growth promoting activities on various human cell lines. Peptides from milk protein hydrolysates have also been shown to have various nutraceutical and biological properties. The aim of this research was to establish conditions for the in vitro hydrolysis of milk proteins and for the separation and identification of peptides that could promote growth of human skin cells in culture. Milk protein hydrolysates were obtained by using trypsin and chymotrypsin with various enzyme to substrate ratios (E/S) and degrees of hydrolysis (DH). Peptides contained in a 6% DH hydrolysate obtained with chymotrypsin were separated by size exclusion chromatography and supplemented in in vitro culture media to measure their efficacy to promote growth of keratinocytes isolated from human skin. The results indicated that growth promoting activity was increased up to 108% for keratinocytes cultured in medium supplemented with 300 μg mL−1 of one peptide fraction. Fifteen peptides isolated from this fraction by RP-HPLC and characterized by Pico-Tag amino acids analysis were shown to have an average molecular weight of 800 Da and to contain high concentrations of hydrophobic and aromatic amino acids.
Description
Revue
International dairy journal, Vol. 14 (7), 619-626 (2004)
DOI
10.1016/j.idairyj.2003.11.007
URL vers la version publiée
Mots-clés
Milk , Hydrolysate , Chymotrypsin , Peptides , Molecular weight , Hydrophobicity , Cell culture , Keratinocytes
Citation
Type de document
article de recherche