Personne : Tremblay, Jacques-P.
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Production of tissue-engineered three-dimensional human bronchial models.
2003-06-01, Boutet, Marianne, Germain, Lucie, Boulet, Louis-Philippe, Paquette, Jean-Sébastien, Auger, François A., Laviolette, Michel, Bernier, Vincent, Goulet, Francine, Tremblay, Jacques-P.
We have reported morphological and functional features of cells isolated from human bronchial biopsies. Both epithelial and fibroblastic cells were isolated from the same biopsies using collagenase. A few models have been established to study normal bronchial response to various agents and to understand the mechanisms responsible for some disorders, such as asthma. We produced three-dimensional bronchial equivalents in culture, using human epithelial and fibroblastic cells. We previously showed that peripheral anchorage can prevent the dramatic collagen contraction in gels seeded with fibroblasts when properly adapted to the size and type of cultured tissues. Our bilayered bronchial constructs were anchored and cultured under submerged conditions and at the air-liquid interface. Three culture media were compared. Serum-free medium supplemented with retinoic acid (5 x 10(-8) M) was found to be the best for maintenance of bronchial cell properties in the reconstructed bronchial tissue. Immunohistological and ultrastructural analyses showed that these equivalents present good structural organization, allowing ciliogenesis to occur in culture. Moreover, human bronchial goblet cells could differentiate and secrete mucus with culture time. Laminin, a major constituent of the basement membrane and basal cells, was also detected at the mesenchymoepithelial interface. Such models will be useful for studying human bronchial properties in vitro.