Personne : Gagné, Camille
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Université Laval. Faculté des sciences infirmières
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- PublicationRestreintTackling childhood obesity through a school-based physical activity programme : a cluster randomised trial(Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2020-03-14) Guillaumie, Laurence; Santina, Tania; Gagné, Camille; Beaulieu, DominiqueThe present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a theory- and evidence-based intervention for promoting physical activity (PA) among children by changing PA-related psychosocial variables and reducing obesity and screen time outside school hours. A cluster randomised trial was conducted on two Lebanese elementary schools involving 374 children aged 10–12 years. While a control group received the standard curriculum, an intervention group received a 14-week school-based intervention comprising changes in the school environment, increased opportunities for PA provided by educational staff and PA-related learning activities. Measures included PA, psychosocial and obesity-related variables [body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and screen time outside school hours]. Measures were evaluated before the first week and in the last week of the intervention. Compared with the control group, significant increases were observed in the general PA levels and proportion of physically active children within 1 week. The proportion of children engaged in ≥30-min daily school-based moderate-to-vigorous PA MVPA increased from 0% to 67%. The intervention group showed significant improvement in almost all psychosocial variables. The children’s BMI class and waist circumference significantly reduced with the intervention. The intervention was effective in increasing the children’s general PA levels and school-based MVPA and in decreasing BMI and waist circumference.
- PublicationAccès librePsychosocial determinants of physical activity at school among Lebanese children : an application of the planned behavior theory(Editura Universităţii din Piteşti, 2017-03-31) Santina, Tania; Guillaumie, Laurence; Godin, Gaston; Gagné, CamilleIntroduction: Based on an extended version the theory of planned behavior, this survey, aimed to identify the psychosocial determinants of children’s physical activity at school and intention to engage in it. Methods: 276 fifth- and sixth-grade students from two schools in Lebanon completed a self-reported questionnaire assessing psychosocial and physical activity variables. Data were collected also on sociodemographic, anthropometric variables. Results: Determinants of physical activity at school were intention, perceived behavior control, selfidentity, perceived barriers and gender. Children’s beliefs associated with a positive intention were the following: to feel able to engage in physical activity at school when sport equipment is provided, despite an inclement weather, despite school restrictions on the use of physical activity facilities and equipment, and despite an inappropriate playground for some kinds of play. These should be targeted in physical activity interventions. Conclusions: These findings inform the design of culturally relevant school-based interventions in Arabic countries. Interventions should specifically support girls in recognition of the negative influence of gender on physical activity. They should also promote children’s self-identification as a sporty child and enhance children’s confidence in their capacity to engage in physical activity at school and to overcome barriers associated with it.