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Robitaille, Karine

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  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Long chain omega-3 fatty acids and their oxidized metabolites are associated with reduced prostate tumor growth
    (Science Direct, 2020-11-18) Bilodeau, Jean-François; Gevariya, Nikunj; Larose, Jessica; Robitaille, Karine; Fradet, Vincent; Roy, Jérôme; Oger, Camille; Galano, Jean-Marie; Bergeron, Alain; Durand, Thierry; Julien, Pierre; Fradet, Yves
    Introduction: Cancer has been associated with increased oxidative stress and deregulation of bioactive oxylipins derived from long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) like arachidonic acid (AA). There is a debate whether ω-3 LC-PUFA could promote or prevent prostate tumor growth through immune modulation and reduction of oxidative stress. Our aim was to study the association between enzymatically or non-enzymatically produced oxidized-LC-PUFA metabolites and tumor growth in an immune-competent eugonadal and castrated C57BL/6 male mice injected with TRAMP-C2 prostate tumor cells, fed with ω-3 or ω-6 LC-PUFA-rich diets. Materials and methods: Tumor fatty acids were profiled by gas chromatography and 26 metabolites derived from either AA, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were assessed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Results: The enriched ω-3 diet did not reduce oxidative stress overall in tumors but favored the formation of ω-3 rather than ω-6 derived isoprostanoids. We discovered that EPA and its oxidized-derivatives like F3-isoprostanes and prostaglandin (PG)F3Aω, were inversely correlated with tumor volume (spearman correlations and T-test, p<0.05). In contrast, F2-isoprostanes, adrenic acid, docosapentaenoic acid (DPAω-6) and PGE2 were positively correlated with tumor volume. Interestingly, F4-neuroprostanes, PGD2, PGF2ω, and thromboxane were specifically increased in TRAMP-C2 tumors of castrated mice compared to those of eugonadal mice. Discussion: Decreasing tumor growth under ω-3 diet could be attributed in part to increased levels of EPA and its oxidized-derivatives, a reduced level of pro-angiogenic PGE2 and increased levels of F4-neuroprostanes and resolvins content in tumors, suspected of having anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Effects of concentrated long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation before radical prostatectomy on prostate cancer proliferation, inflammation, and quality of life : study protocol for a phase IIb, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    (BioMed Central, 2018-01-10) Duchesne, Thierry; Savard, Josée; Guertin, Marie-Hélène; Fradet, Vincent; Pelletier, Jean-François; Bairati, Isabelle; Julien, Pierre; Robitaille, Karine
    Background : Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in north-American men. Few dietary or lifestyle interventions have been tested to prevent prostate cancer progression. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation represents a promising intervention for prostate cancer patients. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3), more precisely eicosapentaenoic acid monoacylglyceride (MAG-EPA) supplementation, on prostate cancer proliferation, inflammation mediators and quality of life among men who will undergo radical prostatectomy. Methods/design : We propose a phase IIb, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial of MAG-EPA supplementation for 130 men who will undergo radical prostatectomy as treatment for a prostate cancer of Gleason score ≥ 7 in an academic cancer center in Quebec City. Participants will be randomized to 6 capsules of 625 mg of fish oil (MAG-EPA) per capsule containing 500 mg of EPA daily or to identically looking capsules of high oleic acid sunflower oil (HOSO) as placebo. The intervention begins 4 to 10 weeks prior to radical prostatectomy (baseline) and continues for one year after surgery. The primary endpoint is the proliferative index (Ki-67) measured in prostate cancer cells at radical prostatectomy. A secondary endpoint includes prostate tissue levels of inflammatory mediators (cytokines and proteins) at time of radical prostatectomy. Changes in blood levels of inflammatory mediators, relative to baseline levels, at time of radical prostatectomy and 12 months after radical prostatectomy will also be evaluated. Secondary endpoints also include important aspects of psychosocial functioning and quality of life such as depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, fatigue, cognitive complaints and prostate cancer-specific quality of life domains. The changes in these outcomes, relative to baseline levels, will be evaluated at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after radical prostatectomy. Discussion : The results from this trial will provide crucial information to clarify the role of omega-3 supplementation on prostate cancer proliferation, inflammation and quality of life.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    A glycan-based plasmonic sensor for prostate cancer diagnosis
    (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2021-10-01) Lamarre, Mathieu; Bansept, Marc-Antoine; Boudreau, Denis; Tremblay, Thomas; Fradet, Vincent; Giguère, Denis; Robitaille, Karine
    Prostate cancer affects thousands of men who undergo clinical screening tests every year. The main biomarker used for the diagnosis of prostate cancer, prostate specific antigen (PSA), presents limitations that justify investigating new biomarkers to improve reliability. Antibodies against the tumor-associated carbohydrate antigen (Tn), or TACA, develop early in carcinogenesis, making them an interesting alternative as a target for prostate cancer diagnostics. In this work, the Tn antigen was synthesized and immobilized on a surface plasmon resonance sensor coated with a polydopamine/polyethylene oxide mixed layer used both as an anchoring surface for Tn capture moieties and to minimize surface fouling. The sensor could be regenerated and reused at least 60 times without any significant loss in sensitivity. Anti-Tn antibodies were detected in the 0-10 nM concentration range with detection limits of 0.1 and 0.3 nM in spiked buffer solutions and diluted human blood serum samples, respectively. Finally, as a proof-of-concept, this carbohydrate-based sensor was used to successfully discriminate blood serum samples from prostate cancer-free and prostate cancer patients.