Personne :
Ackermann, Hans-W.

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Ackermann
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Hans-W.
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Université Laval. Département de microbiologie-infectiologie et d'immunologie
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Voici les éléments 1 - 8 sur 8
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Diversity of streptococcus thermophilus phages in a large-production cheese factory in Argentina
    (Elsevier Inc., 2006-10-01) Luján Quiberoni, Andrea del; Tremblay, Denise; Moineau, Sylvain; Ackermann, Hans-W.; Reinheimer, Jorge Alberto
    Phage infections still represent a serious risk to the dairy industry, in which Streptococcus thermophilus is used in starter cultures for the manufacture of yogurt and cheese. The goal of the present study was to analyze the biodiversity of the virulent S. thermophilus phage population in one Argentinean cheese plant. Ten distinct S. thermophilus phages were isolated from cheese whey samples collected in a 2-mo survey. They were then characterized by their morphology, host range, and restriction patterns. These phages were also classified within the 2 main groups of S. thermophilus phages (cos- and pac-type) using a newly adapted multiplex PCR method. Six phages were classified as cos-type phages, whereas the 4 others belonged to the pac-type group. This study illustrates the phage diversity that can be found in one factory that rotates several cultures of S. thermophilus. Limiting the number of starter cultures is likely to reduce phage biodiversity within a fermentation facility.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Characterization of lactococcal bacteriophages from Quebec cheese plants
    (National Research Council, 1992-09-01) Moineau, Sylvain; Pandian, Sithian; Ackermann, Hans-W.; Fortier, Josée
    This is the first study on the characterization of lactococcal phages isolated in Canada. Thirty lactococcal phages were isolated from Quebec cheese plants reporting partial loss of starter activity. Phages were characterized by electron microscopy, DNA homology, protein profile, and host range. All phages belonged to the Siphoviridae family. Seventeen phages (57%) has prolate heads (60 × 40 nm) and 100 nm long, noncontractile tails (morphotype B2, species c2). They showed strong DNA homology with other prolate-headed phages isolated from other countries (Australia, United States). In addition to normal prolate phages, most lysates contained pairs of empty heads (no DNA) connected by a small bridge. Thirteen phages (43%) had small isometric heads (55 nm in diameter) and long, noncontractile tails (morphotype B1). Based on DNA homology, 11 of these phages were found related to phage species 936 despite differences in tail length (140 to 200 nm). The two other small isometric phages, UL36 and UL39, hybridized with phage P335 DNA, and therefore belong to this species. No DNA homology was observed between prolate and small isometric phages. Phages with prolate heads showed a broader host range than small isometric-headed phages. The DNA of phage UL36, which has a relatively narrow host range, has more restriction endonuclease sites than other lactococcal bacteriophages.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Phage morphology recapitulates phylogeny : the comparative genomics of a new group of myoviruses
    (Public Library of Science, 2012-07-06) Tremblay, Denise; Moineau, Sylvain; Comeau, André M.; Rattei, Thomas; Ackermann, Hans-W.; Kushkina, Alla I.; Tovkach, Fedor I.; Krisch, Henry M.
    Among dsDNA tailed bacteriophages (Caudovirales), members of the Myoviridae family have the most sophisticated virion design that includes a complex contractile tail structure. The Myoviridae generally have larger genomes than the other phage families. Relatively few “dwarf” myoviruses, those with a genome size of less than 50 kb such as those of the Mu group, have been analyzed in extenso. Here we report on the genome sequencing and morphological characterization of a new group of such phages that infect a diverse range of Proteobacteria, namely Aeromonas salmonicida phage 56, Vibrio cholerae phages 138 and CP-T1, Bdellovibrio phage φ1422, and Pectobacterium carotovorum phage ZF40. This group of dwarf myoviruses shares an identical virion morphology, characterized by usually short contractile tails, and have genome sizes of approximately 45 kb. Although their genome sequences are variable in their lysogeny, replication, and host adaption modules, presumably reflecting differing lifestyles and hosts, their structural and morphogenesis modules have been evolutionarily constrained by their virion morphology. Comparative genomic analysis reveals that these phages, along with related prophage genomes, form a new coherent group within the Myoviridae. The results presented in this communication support the hypothesis that the diversity of phages may be more structured than generally believed and that the innumerable phages in the biosphere all belong to discrete lineages or families.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Characterization of a new virulent phage (MLC-A) of Lactobacillus paracasei
    (American Dairy Science Association, 2010-03-03) Capra, María Luján; Moineau, Sylvain; Luján Quiberoni, Andrea del; Ackermann, Hans-W.; Reinheimer, Jorge Alberto
    A new virulent bacteriophage (MLC-A) was recently isolated in Argentina from a probiotic dairy product containing a strain of Lactobacillus paracasei. Observation of the lysate with an electron microscope revealed bacteriophage particles with an icosahedral capsid of 57 ± 2 nm; with a collar and a noncontractile tail of 156 ± 3 nm terminating with a baseplate to which a tail fiber was attached. Therefore, phage MLC-A belongs to the Siphoviridae family. This phage was able to survive the pasteurization process and was resistant to alcohols and sodium hypochlorite (400 mg/kg). Only peracetic acid could inactivate high-titer suspensions of phages in a short time. The maximum rates of phage adsorption to its host cells were obtained at 30°C with a pH between 5 and 7, and in the presence of calcium or magnesium ions. The host range of phage MLC-A encompassed L. paracasei and Lactobacillus casei strains, but it was not able to infect Lactobacillus rhamnosus or Lactobacillus gasseri strains. One-step growth kinetics of its lytic development revealed latent and burst periods of 30 and 135 min, respectively, with a burst size of about 69 ± 4 plaque-forming units per infected cell. Phage MLC-A had a distinctive restriction profile when compared with the 2 well-studied Lactobacillus phages, PL-1 and J-1. The genome size of the MLC-A phage was estimated to be approximately 37 kb. This study presents the description of the first phage specific for L. paracasei isolated in Argentina. The isolation of phage MLC-A indicates that, beside lactic acid bacteria starters, probiotic cultures can also be sensitive to virulent phages in industrial processes.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Review : Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages
    (Elsevier, 2010-04-14) Luján Quiberoni, Andrea del; Moineau, Sylvain; Rousseau, Geneviève M.; Ackermann, Hans-W.; Reinheimer, Jorge Alberto
    At least 345 bacteriophages infecting Streptococcus thermophilus starter cultures have been isolated; general characteristics include high thermal resistance, short latent periods and large burst size. Phages with such characteristics are primed to thrive in the cheese making environment, lysing bacterial cultures and generating low-quality fermented products. All S. thermophilus phages isolated to date are members of the Siphoviridae family and the Caudovirales order and appear to constitute a polythetic phage species comprising two large groups, cos- and pac-types, based on the mode of DNA packaging. Comparative analyses have shown that S. thermophilus phage genomes are similarly organized into distinct modular regions and allow the detection of a core genome region. Several PCR-based techniques have been designed to detect them in cheese whey and milk samples. Similar S. thermophilus phages are globally distributed and endemic in specific dairy environments. The biogeography of S. thermophilus phages reinforces their current classification.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Streptococcus thermophilus bacteriophages
    (Elsevier Applied Science, 2010-04-14) Luján Quiberoni, Andrea del; Moineau, Sylvain; Rousseau, Geneviève M.; Ackermann, Hans-W.; Reinheimer, Jorge Alberto
    At least 345 bacteriophages infecting Streptococcus thermophilus starter cultures have been isolated; general characteristics include high thermal resistance, short latent periods and large burst size. Phages with such characteristics are primed to thrive in the cheese making environment, lysing bacterial cultures and generating low-quality fermented products. All S. thermophilus phages isolated to date are members of the Siphoviridae family and the Caudovirales order and appear to constitute a polythetic phage species comprising two large groups, cos- and pac-types, based on the mode of DNA packaging. Comparative analyses have shown that S. thermophilus phage genomes are similarly organized into distinct modular regions and allow the detection of a core genome region. Several PCR-based techniques have been designed to detect them in cheese whey and milk samples. Similar S. thermophilus phages are globally distributed and endemic in specific dairy environments. The biogeography of S. thermophilus phages reinforces their current classification.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Long-term bacteriophage preservation
    (2004-01-01) Tremblay, Denise; Moineau, Sylvain; Ackermann, Hans-W.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Characterization of coliphage PR772 and evaluation of its use for virus filter performance testing
    (American Society for Microbiology, 2004-08-04) Lute, Scott; Tremblay, Denise; Aranha, Hazel; Moineau, Sylvain; Ackermann, Hans-W.; Liang, Dehai; Chu, Benjamin; Brorson, Kurt
    Virus filtration is a key clearance unit operation in the manufacture of recombinant protein, monoclonal antibody, and plasma-derived biopharmaceuticals. Recently, a consensus has developed among filter manufacturers and end users about the desirability of a common nomenclature and a standardized test for classifying and identifying virus-retentive filters. The Parenteral Drug Association virus filter task force has chosen PR772 as the model bacteriophage to standardize nomenclature for large-pore-size virus-retentive filters (filters designed to retain viruses larger than 50 to 60 nm in size). Previously, the coliphage PR772 (Tectiviridae family) has been used in some filtration studies as a surrogate for mammalian viruses of around 50 to 60 nm. In this report, we describe specific properties of PR772 critical to the support of its use for the standardization of virus filters. The complete genomic sequence of virulent phage PR772 was determined. Its genome contains 14,946 bp with an overall G+C content of 48.3 mol%, and 32 open reading frames of at least 40 codons. Comparison of the PR772 nucleotide sequence with the genome of Tectiviridae family prototype phage PRD1 revealed 97.2% identity at the DNA level. By dynamic light-scattering analysis, its hydrodynamic diameter was measured as 82 ± 6 nm, consistent with use in testing large-virus-retentive filters. Finally, dynamic light-scattering analysis of PR772 preparations purified on CsCl gradients showed that the phage preparations are largely monodispersed. In summary, PR772 appears to be an appropriate model bacteriophage for standardization of nomenclature for larger-pore-size virus-retentive filters.