Personne :
Messaddeq, Younès

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Université Laval. Département de physique, de génie physique et d'optique
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Voici les éléments 1 - 10 sur 14
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Universal micro-trench resonators for monolithic integration with silicon waveguides
    (OSA Optical Materials Express, 2021-08-02) Jean, Philippe; Bah, Souleymane Toubou; LaRochelle, Sophie; Shi, Wei; Messaddeq, Younès; Douaud, Alexandre
    We present a systematic study of micro-trench resonators for heterogeneous integration with silicon waveguides. We experimentally and numerically demonstrate that the approach is compatible with a large variety of thin film materials and that it does not require specific etching recipe development, thus making it virtually universal. The microresonators are fabricated through in-foundry silicon-on-insulator processing and in-house backend processing. We also report ultra-compact chalcogenide microresonators with radius as small as 5µ and quality factors up to 1.8 × 105. We finally show a proof-of-concept of a novel multilayer waveguide using the micro-trench technique.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Tunable distributed sensing performance in Ca-based nanoparticle-doped optical fibers
    (OSA Pub., 2022-03-04) Gagnon, Stéphane; Grégoire, Nicolas; Morency, Steeve; Ledemi, Yannick; Fuertes, Victor; LaRochelle, Sophie; Messaddeq, Younès
    Rayleigh scattering enhanced nanoparticle-doped optical fibers is a technology very promising for distributed sensing applications, however, it remains largely unexplored. This work demonstrates for the first time the possibility of tuning Rayleigh scattering and optical losses in Ca-based nanoparticle-doped silica optical fibers by controlling the kinetics of the re-nucleation process that nanoparticles undergo during fiber drawing by controlling preform feed, drawing speed and temperature. A 3D study by SEM, FIB-SEM and optical backscatter reflectometry (OBR) reveals an early-time kinetics at 1870 °C, with tunable Rayleigh scattering enhancement 43.2–47.4 dB, regarding a long-haul single mode fiber, SMF-28, and associated sensing lengths of 3–5.5 m. At 2065 °C, kinetics is slower and nanoparticle dissolution is favored. Consequently, enhanced scattering values of 24.9–26.9 dB/m and sensing lengths of 135–250 m are attained. Finally, thermal stability above 500 °C and tunable distributed temperature sensitivity are proved, from 18.6 pm/°C to 23.9 pm/°C, ∼1.9–2.4 times larger than in a SMF-28. These results show the promising future of Rayleigh scattering enhanced nanoparticle-doped optical fibers for distributed sensing.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Etchless chalcogenide microresonators monolithically coupled to silicon photonic waveguides
    (Optical Society of America, 2020-05-13) Messaddeq, Sandra Helena; Genest, Jérôme; Jean, Philippe; LaRochelle, Sophie; Shi, Wei; Messaddeq, Younès; Douaud, Alexandre; Michaud-Belleau, Vincent
    Integration of chalcogenide waveguides in silicon photonics can mitigate the prohibitive nonlinear losses ofsilicon while leveraging the mature CMOS-compatiblenanophotonic fabrication process. In this work, wedemonstrate, for the first time, a method of integratinghigh-Q chalcogenides microring resonators onto the sil-icon photonics platform without post-process etching.The method uses micro-trench filling and a novel ther-mal dewetting technique to form low-loss chalcogenidestrip waveguides. The microrings are integrated di-rectly inside silicon photonic circuits through evanes-cent coupling, providing an uncomplicated hybrid in-tegration scheme without the need to modify the exist-ing photonics foundry process. The microrings showa high quality factor exceeding 6⇥105near 1550 nmand propagation losses below 0.7 dB/cm, indicatinga promising solution for low-cost, compact nonlinearphotonic devices with applications in various fieldssuch as telecommunications and spectroscopy.
  • Publication
    Silicon-coupled tantalum pentoxide microresonators with broadband low thermo-optic coefficient
    (Optical Society, 2021-07-30) Jean, Philippe; Bah, Souleymane Toubou; LaRochelle, Sophie; Shi, Wei; Messaddeq, Younès; Douaud, Alexandre
    Stable microresonators are important integrated photonics components but are difficult to achieve on silicon-on-insulator due to silicon intrinsic properties. In this work, we demonstrate broadband thermally stable tantalum pentoxide microresonators directly coupled to silicon waveguides using a micro-trench co-integration method. The method combines in-foundry silicon processing with a single step backend thin-film deposition. The passive response of the microresonator and its thermal behavior are investigated. We show that the microresonator can operate in the overcoupled regime as well as near the critical coupling point, boasting an extinction ratio over 25 dB with no higher-order mode excitation. The temperature dependent wavelength shift is measured to be as low as 8.9 pm/K and remains below 10 pm/K over a 120 nm bandwidth.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Nonlinear increase, invisibility, and sign inversion of a localized fs-laser-induced refractive index change in crystals and glasses
    (Springer Nature, 2020-04-20) Dupont, Albert; Bérubé, Jean-Philippe; Ledemi, Yannick; Fortin, Vincent; Messaddeq, Younès; Vallée, Réal; Lapointe, Jérôme
    Multiphoton absorption via ultrafast laser focusing is the only technology that allows a three-dimensional structural modification of transparent materials. However, the magnitude of the refractive index change is rather limited, preventing the technology from being a tool of choice for the manufacture of compact photonic integrated circuits. We propose to address this issue by employing a femtosecond-laser-induced electronic band-gap shift (FLIBGS), which has an exponential impact on the refractive index change for propagating wavelengths approaching the material electronic resonance, as predicted by the Kramers–Kronig relations. Supported by theoretical calculations, based on a modified Sellmeier equation, the Tauc law, and waveguide bend loss calculations, we experimentally show that several applications could take advantage of this phenomenon. First, we demonstrate waveguide bends down to a submillimeter radius, which is of great interest for higher-density integration of fs-laser-written quantum and photonic circuits. We also demonstrate that the refractive index contrast can be switched from negative to positive, allowing direct waveguide inscription in crystals. Finally, the effect of the FLIBGS can compensate for the fs-laser-induced negative refractive index change, resulting in a zero refractive index change at specific wavelengths, paving the way for new invisibility applications.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Engineering nanoparticle features to tune Rayleigh scattering in nanoparticles-doped optical fibers
    (Springer Nature, 2021-04-27) Fuertes, Victor; Gagnon, Stéphane; Grégoire, Nicolas; Labranche, Philippe; Ledemi, Yannick; LaRochelle, Sophie; Messaddeq, Younès; Wang, Ruohui
    Rayleigh scattering enhanced nanoparticles-doped optical fibers are highly promising for distributed sensing applications, however, the high optical losses induced by that scattering enhancement restrict considerably their sensing distance to few meters. Fabrication of long-range distributed optical fiber sensors based on this technology remains a major challenge in optical fiber community. In this work, it is reported the fabrication of low-loss Ca-based nanoparticles doped silica fibers with tunable Rayleigh scattering for long-range distributed sensing. This is enabled by tailoring nanoparticle features such as particle distribution size, morphology and density in the core of optical fibers through preform and fiber fabrication process. Consequently, fibers with tunable enhanced backscattering in the range 25.9-44.9 dB, with respect to a SMF-28 fiber, are attained along with the lowest two-way optical losses, 0.1-8.7 dB/m, reported so far for Rayleigh scattering enhanced nanoparticles-doped optical fibers. Therefore, the suitability of Ca-based nanoparticles-doped optical fibers for distributed sensing over longer distances, from 5 m to more than 200 m, becomes possible. This study opens a new path for future works in the field of distributed sensing, since these findings may be applied to other nanoparticles-doped optical fibers, allowing the tailoring of nanoparticle properties, which broadens future potential applications of this technology.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Large area Bragg grating for pump recycling in cladding-pumped multicore erbium-doped fiber amplifiers
    (Optical Society of America, 2022-05-09) Talbot, Lauris; Matte-Breton, Charles; LaRochelle, Sophie; Messaddeq, Younès; Bernier, Martin
    We demonstrate for the first time that a Bragg grating can be written over a large area inside the cladding of a multicore erbium-doped fiber amplifier to increase the power conversion efficiency (PCE) by recycling the output pump power. Our results indicate that a Bragg grating covering ~25% of the cladding area allows to recycle 19% of the output pump power which leads to a relative increase of the PCE by 16% for an input pump power of 10.6 W in the specific case of an eight-core erbium-doped fiber with a length of 20.3 m and one core loaded with an input signal power of 1.5 dBm.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Curvature sensing using a hybrid polycarbonate-silica multicore fiber
    (Optical Society of America, 2020-12-21) Morency, Steeve; Bilodeau, Guillaume; Fortier, Richard; Messaddeq, Younès; Bernier, Martin; Boilard, Tommy
    We report on the development of a novel hybrid glass-polymer multicore fiber integrating three 80 µm polyimide-coated silica fibers inside a 750 µm polycarbonate cladding. By inscribing an array of distributed FBGs along each segment of silica fiber prior to the hybrid fiber drawing, we demonstrate a curvature sensor with an unprecedented precision of 296 pm/m−1 around 1550 nm, about 7 times more sensitive than sensors based on standard 125 µm multicore fibers. As predicted by theory, we show experimentally that the measured curvature is insensitive to temperature and strain. Also, a more precise equation to describe the curvature on a simple bending setup is presented. This new hybrid multicore fiber technology has the potential to be extended over several kilometers and can find high-end applications in 3D shape sensing and structural health monitoring.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Investigation of C-band pumping for extended L-band EDFAs
    (Optical Society of America, 2020-07-15) Lei, Chengmin; LaRochelle, Sophie; Feng, Hanlin; Messaddeq, Younès
    In this study, we present systematic numerical and experimental analysis of high-power C-band light pumping in extended L-band EDFAs. We investigate, for the first time to our best knowledge, how C-band light sources can be used as pump sources to extend the bandwidth of L-band EDFAs beyond 1610 nm. Results show that, when using a C-band light source as the sole pump, efficient amplification is obtained over the extended L-band but at the expense of higher noise figure. However, the advantage of C-band pumping in terms of power conversion efficiency can be exploited when using a two-stage EDFA, with a first stage pumped by 1480 nm to maintain good noise figure performance and a high-power C-band light source (up to several hundred mW) as the pump source for the second stage. Thus, a 20-dB gain covering 1570-1618 nm with a maximum noise figure of 5.7 dB is demonstrated.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Templated dewetting for self-assembled ultra low-loss chalcogenide integrated photonics
    (OSA Pub., 2021-10-11) Jean, Philippe; LaRochelle, Sophie; Shi, Wei; Messaddeq, Younès; Douaud, Alexandre
    Integrated photonics is of growing interest but relies on complex fabrication methods that have yet to match optical losses of bulkier platforms like optical fibers or whispering gallery mode resonators. Spontaneous matter reorganization phenomenon (e.g. dewetting) in thin-films provides a way for self-assembled structures with atomic scale surface rugosity, potentially alleviating the problems of roughness scattering loss and fabrication complexity. In this article, we study solid-state dewetting in chalcogenide glass thin-films and demonstrate its applicability to the fabrication of high-quality integrated photonics components. Optimal dewetting parameters are derived from a comprehensive experimental study of thin-film properties under high temperature rapid annealing. Atomic scale surface roughness are obtained using dewetting, with RMS values as low as Rq = 0.189 nm. Several integrated photonics components are fabricated using the method and characterized. We show that the use of pre-patterned templates leads to organized, reproducible patterns with large-scale uniformity and demonstrate the record high quality-factor of 4.7 × 106 in compact (R = 50 µm) microdisks, corresponding to 0.08 dB⋅cm−1 waveguide propagation loss. The integrated devices are directly fabricated on standard silicon-on-insulator dice using the micro-trench filling technique and coupled to silicon waveguides, making them readily deployable with existing silicon devices and systems.