Personne : Lessard, Geneviève
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Université Laval. École de travail social et de criminologie
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- PublicationAccès librePoints of view of chilean adolescents about asking for help and suggestions to prevent dating violence based on an ecological systems theory(Scientific Research Publishing Inc., 2022-01-28) Lessard, Geneviève; Sanhueza Morales, Tatiana Andrea; Valdivia-Peralta, Maruzzella; Bustos-Ibarra, CeciliaWhile several programs have been developed to prevent dating violence, few have been evaluated. Likewise, few studies have documented adolescents' viewpoints on how prevention should be done. The current qualitative study seeks to strategically fill a gap in knowledge regarding the points of view of Chilean adolescents about the strategies that are best suited to prevent this problem and what is relevant content for prevention programs. This paper is part of a broader study on adolescents' social representations of dating violence. The study's aim was to explore Chilean adolescents' points of view about asking for help and their suggestions about how to prevent dating violence. The sample included 48 Chilean adolescents, 26 girls (54.1%) and 22 boys (45.8%) between 14 and 18 years old, recruited from public and private schools, who were interviewed with a focus group method. The study consisted of two phases; the results of the second phase are discussed in this manuscript. The results are useful for the development of an appropriate socio-political response to this social and public health problem. Participants identified friends and parents as more common sources from whom to seek help than teachers and health professionals. The severity of dating violence and ensuing injuries are the main reasons for asking for help. In addition, gender is considered a central prevention issue in a changing Chilean cultural context. According to the ecological systems theory, prevention strategies based on the environment of adolescents at multiple levels (individual, interpersonal, community, and social) and in multiple components have been recommended.
- PublicationAccès libreYoung adults’ viewpoints concerning helpful factors when living in an intimate partner violence context(Pergamon, 2020-11-14) M. Bisson, Sophie; Roy, Valérie; Alvarez-Lizotte, Pamela; Dumont, Annie; Lessard, GenevièveThis qualitative study examined factors which were considered to be helpful by young adults who were exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) during their childhood and adolescence. Life course theory was chosen for the analysis framework because it allowed us to look at the factors found in such diverse trajectories as family, friendship, romantic relationships, school, and work. The sample was comprised of 45 young Qu´ebec adults from 18 to 25 years old who were exposed to IPV. The participants began by filling out an online questionnaire documenting their victimization experiences (the Adult Retrospective Version of the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire). They then participated in a semi-structured interview based on their own life history calendar. The results indicated five main types of helpful factors: 1) emotional support, 2) material help, 3) professional help, 4) distancing strategies, and 5) opportunities to experience success and discover one’s strengths and abilities. Certain factors were noted in most of the above-mentioned trajectories, whereas others were specific to one or a few trajectories. In conclusion, the need to conduct further research on protective factors is emphasized, with the goal being to improve interventions with young people exposed to IPV and with those close to them, and to positively influence their life courses.
- PublicationRestreintA gender study of social representations of dating violence in Chilean adolescents(Springer International Publishing, 2022-06-30) Lessard, Geneviève; Lalande, Célyne; Sanhueza Morales, Tatiana AndreaThe experiences and viewpoints of adolescents as regards dating violence in southern countries remain poorly documented. It is thus difcult to have an overall understanding of the phenomenon. Based on social representation theory, this paper attempts to fll this gap by answering the question: What is dating violence for Chilean adolescents? Knowing what adolescents consider to be dating violence and the contextual elements that infuence their perceptions is essential to developing efective prevention strategies. This is particularly important as prevention policies are currently non-existent in Chile, despite the fact that adolescents living there must deal with many risk factors. In this context, a qualitative multi-methodological study (free association and focus groups) was conducted with 142 Chilean adolescents from public and private schools. This study showed that the explanations of dating violence given by boys and girls were infuenced by gender and a context of ambivalent sexism. It also took place in a changing socio-cultural Chilean context. Dating violence used by boys was driven by machismo and its exercise by girls was perceived to come from cultural changes concerning women's rights. In addition, the physical nature of dating violence was deeply entrenched in the study participants' social representations, the fgurative image being hits. Based on these results, we recommend that future research and prevention strategies should consider the sociocultural context and gender as aspects likely to infuence both the adolescents' social representations of dating violence and their behaviors.
- PublicationAccès libreIntimate partner violence and other associated problems : sectoral cooperation to optimize the safety of women and children(Irvine, CA Scientific Research Publishing, Inc., 2022-05-10) Smedslund, Katja; Lessard, Geneviève; Poulin, Marie-Michelle; Dunn, Monica; Dubé, MyriamThe objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of sectoral cooperation strategy involving different organizations concerned by intimate partner violence and other co-occurring problems in the province of Quebec (Canada). The sectoral cooperation meetings (N = 63) were held from February 2018 to June 2019 and 250 evaluation questionnaires were filled out by the practitioners. The data collection tool was composed of open-ended questions (qualitative section) along with Likert scales and multiple-choice questions (quantitative section). The results showed that a large majority of the practitioners considered that cooperation helped to improve the safety of the women and their children and to optimize their practice. Likewise, all of the practitioners considered that sectoral cooperation represented a winning strategy worthy of further development. Findings highlight the importance to support practitioners in complex clinical situations when IPV co-occurred alongside mental health problems, addiction problems, or child maltreatment, and this, in order to ensure the safety of intimate partner violence victims and their children.
- PublicationAccès libreHow adolescents, mothers, and fathers qualitatively describe their experiences of co-occurrent problems : intimate partner violence, mental health, and substance use(Sage, 2020-02-06) M. Bisson, Sophie; Alvarez-Lizotte, Pamela; Dumont, Annie; Lessard, GenevièveThis qualitative study examines the perceptions of mothers, fathers, and adolescents on the relations they see between intimate partner violence, mental health and substances use parental problems that co-occur in their family, and the mothers’ and fathers’ associated parenting challenges. The sample was composed of 43 people (15 mothers, 16 fathers, and 12 adolescents) who were directly affected by the co-occurrence of intimate partner violence and mental health or substances use parental problems. The participants were recruited with the collaboration of public and community organizations in the Province of Québec (Canada). The data were collected through semi-structured interviews and combined with a table detailing the specific problems identified by the participants. A thematic content analysis method was employed to do the coding, and a summary of the results was returned to some participants who agreed to collaborate with the validation of the results. The analysis revealed numerous and diverse relations between the interviewees’ co-occurring problems, but two principal patterns emerged. The first one was chiefly observed in the comments made by mothers and adolescents who saw the co-occurring problems as being the consequence of the intimate partner violence on the mother. The second pattern was largely observed in the fathers’ comments, who explained that the substance use problems came before the intimate partner violence and acted as an aggravating factor. The co-occurrence of intimate partner violence with other parental problems strongly affected the mothers’ and fathers’ parenting, making it more difficult to meet the children’s needs. Considering the complexity and diversity of the experiences and needs of the mothers, fathers, and children in co-occurring situations, future studies should evaluate the services provided to these families and the coordination between the different concerned organizations.
- PublicationAccès libreL’influence perçue de l’exposition à la violence conjugale sur les relations significatives des jeunes concernés : une perspective temporelle(Érudit, 2020-12-18) M. Bisson, Sophie; Bourassa, Chantal; Roy, Valérie; Alvarez-Lizotte, Pamela; Dumont, Annie; Lessard, GenevièveCadre de la recherche : Cet article porte sur l’évolution des relations avec les personnes significatives pour les jeunes adultes ayant été exposés à de la violence conjugale pendant leur enfance ou leur adolescence. Objectifs : Cette recherche vise à identifier les personnes ayant eu une influence importante dans le parcours de vie des jeunes concernés, à examiner comment les relations avec ces personnes significatives ont évolué à travers le temps et dans quelle mesure l’exposition à la violence conjugale a influencé ces relations. Méthodologie : Il s’agit d’une recherche qualitative fondée sur la théorie des parcours de vie. Nous avons réalisé des entrevues semi-structurées, soutenues par l’outil du calendrier historique de vie, auprès de 45 jeunes de 18 à 25 ans. Résultats : L’exposition à la violence conjugale affecte de façon plus importante les relations avec les parents, bien que de façon différente avec le parent qui exerce la violence qu’avec celui qui la subit. Les relations avec les autres personnes significatives (amis, fratrie, famille élargie, autres) tendent à être plus stables dans le temps, sont généralement aidantes et fluctuent moins en fonction de l’exposition à la violence conjugale que les relations parent(s)-enfant(s). Les relations amoureuses, quant à elles, impliquent parfois une revictimisation, mais sont aussi des occasions de reconstruire des relations plus saines et égalitaires. Conclusions : Cette recherche contribue au développement des connaissances sur les relations significatives pour les jeunes ayant été exposés à de la violence conjugale. La perspective d’analyse temporelle que nous avons privilégiée permet de souligner les angles morts des recherches réalisées à ce jour et de proposer des pistes de recherche futures. Contribution : Cette recherche suggère des pistes d’amélioration de l’aide offerte aux jeunes concernés et à leurs proches, en mobilisant davantage les relations qu’ils identifient comme significatives dans leurs différentes trajectoires de vie – familiale, amicale, amoureuse, scolaire et professionnelle.
- PublicationRestreint“He was the king of the house” children’s perspectives on the men who abused their mothers(Routledge Taylor & Francis Group LLC, 2022-02-13) Côté, Isabelle; Lapierre, Simon.; Lessard, GenevièveChildren living with domestic violence are exposed to the multiple strategies used by perpetrators to control their mothers, which affects their safety and well-being. However, limited research has investigated children's relationships with their fathers or their mothers' partners in this context. This gap in the literature is problematic, as investigating children's relationships with these men is critical in order to fully understand their experiences and develop policies and practices that respect their rights and adequately respond to their needs. This article reports findings from a study that was conducted with children, and focuses on their relationships with the perpetrators, both before and after separation. The study drew upon a participatory and qualitative methodology, which involved focus groups and individual interviews with 59 participants aged between 6 and 18years. The research findings revealed that children's relationships with their fathers and mothers' partners had been characterized by violence and control, which had resulted in a range of negative feelings. Several participants reported that they had been relieved to have limited or no contact with these men since separation. While some participants expressed ongoing fear, a few participants noted that the relationships with their fathers had improved during this period.
- PublicationAccès libreMieux répondre aux besoins complexes des familles confrontées à la cooccurrence de violence conjugale et d’un problème de santé mentale ou de consommation(Canadian Periodical for Community Studies Inc., 2020-06-10) M. Bisson, Sophie; Alvarez-Lizotte, Pamela; Dumont, Annie; Lessard, GenevièveCette recherche qualitative explore les points de vue de mères, de pères et d’adolescents (n = 43) quant aux services reçus pour les problèmes cooccurrents de violence conjugale, de santé mentale et de consommation chez les parents. Les données ont été recueillies par des entrevues semi-dirigées, soutenues d’un outil de cartographie des services utilisés. L’analyse de contenu thématique montre que les participants déploient plusieurs stratégies pour faire face aux problèmes cooccurrents vécus et utilisent diverses ressources d’aide formelle et informelle. Plusieurs recommandations sont proposées pour améliorer l’offre d’aide aux familles en situation de cooccurrence, dont la concertation entre les différentes ressources concernées.
- PublicationAccès libreLa COVID-19 et ses impacts sur la violence conjugale et la violence envers les enfants : ce que nous disent la recherche et la pratique(Intervention, 2021-09-13) Lavergne, Chantal; Lessard, Geneviève; Vargas Diaz, Rosita; Dubé, MyriamBien que nécessaires, les mesures de confinement et de distanciation sociale mises en place pour freiner la propagation du coronavirus sont susceptibles d’être associées à une hausse du risque de violence conjugale (VC) et de violence envers les enfants (VEE) ainsi qu’à des défis d’intervention importants. Cet article vise à témoigner des impacts que la pandémie a eus et continue d’avoir sur la pratique en protection de la jeunesse dans les cas de cooccurrence de VC et de VEE, à travers les récits de pratique de cinq intervenantes et gestionnaires. Ceux-ci permettent de mettre en évidence les difficultés et les défis suscités par l’actuelle crise sanitaire pour les familles ainsi que pour la pratique, mais aussi la grande capacité d’adaptation des intervenantes et des gestionnaires, qui ont su relever les défis suscités par ces circonstances extraordinaires et se sont mobilisés pour trouver des solutions innovantes. Malgré tout, les témoignages soulèvent la nécessité pour les organisations et les intervenantes de se préparer à une autre situation d’urgence similaire.
- PublicationAccès libreExposure to intimate partner violence : perceived links with other victimizations and the severity of violence by young adults in Québec(Scientific Research Publishing, 2021-06-16) M. Bisson, Sophie; Roy, Valérie; Alvarez-Lizotte, Pamela; Dumont, Annie; Bourassa, Chantal; Lessard, GenevièveThe objective of this qualitative study was to understand how young adults (18 - 25 years old) who were exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) during childhood and adolescence explained the links between this violence and the other victimizations that they had experienced, as well as the perceived severity that they assigned to these victimizations. The participants (N = 45) were recruited in the Province of Quebec (Canada). Before the interview, they filled out an online questionnaire with the Adult Retrospective Version of the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire as well as answering sociodemographic questions. They likewise noted the victimization to which they were subjected before they reached adulthood. These data helped us to better prepare the qualitative interviews, allowing us to explore the links the youth see or do not see between their exposure to IPV and other declared victimizations. Interviews lasted an average of two hours and were supported by a semi-structured interview guide and a life history calendar. The results show that many of the participants identified stronger links between exposure to IPV and child maltreatment, intimidation at school, and dating violence. Findings highlight the importance of considering youth’s viewpoints about the victimizations they suffer so as to develop intervention and prevention programs that are better adapted to these youth’s experiences and point of views.