Personne :
Béhanzin, Luc

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Béhanzin
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Luc
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Université Laval. Département de médecine sociale et préventive
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ncf10796984
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Résultats de recherche

Voici les éléments 1 - 4 sur 4
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Acceptability of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Benin : a qualitative study
    (Taylor & Francis, 2019-05-25) Gning, Ndeye Ndiagna; Guédou, Fernand Aimé; Diabate, Souleymane; Hessou, Septime; Batona, Georges; Béhanzin, Luc; Alary, Michel; Ahouada, Carin; Zannou, Marcel D.
    In Benin, consistent condom use among men who have sex with men (MSM) is relatively low and providing them with Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could be of great relevance. We aimed to describe PrEP knowledge and intention to use it; identify key facilitators and barriers to PrEP; and describe the perceived impact of PrEP on unsafe sexual behavior. MSM, 18 years or older, HIV-negative or of unknown status, were enrolled in five cities of Benin. Intention to use PrEP was assessed through five focus groups (FG). Data were analyzed using manual thematic sorting. Thirty MSM (six per city) participated in the FG. Mean age (standard deviation) was 27.1 (5.0) years. All participants expressed the intention to use PrEP if made available. Facilitators of PrEP use were: availability of medication, safety, absence of constraints as well as freedom to have multiple sex partners and sex with HIV-positive friends. Barriers were: complex procedures for obtaining medication, size and taste of medication, cost of medication, poor PrEP awareness.. Eighteen men admitted that PrEP could lead to decrease in or even abandonment of condom use. In conclusion, MSM showed openness to use PrEP if available, although they recognized that it could lead to risk compensation.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    HIV prevention and treatment cascades among female sex workers in Benin, West Africa
    (J.B. Lippincott, 2021-02-23) Guédou, Fernand Aimé; Diabate, Souleymane; Béhanzin, Luc; Kêkê, René Kpèmahouton; Morin, Laurianne; Bushman, Lane; Alary, Michel; Anderson, Peter L.; Gangbo, Flore; Nagot, Nicolas
    Background & Objectives Benin has a long-standing history of HIV prevention programs aimed at female sex workers (FSWs). We used data from a national survey among FSWs (2017) to assess the prevention and care cascades in this population. Methods FSWs were recruited through cluster sampling of sex work sites. A questionnaire was administered, and HIV tested. HIV-positive participants were asked to provide dried-blood spots (DBS), tested for ARV and viral load. We assessed two prevention cascades (HIV testing and safer sex) and the treatment cascade, using a combination of self-reported and biological variables. Results Mean age of the 1086 FSWs was 30 years. Half of them were Beninese and two-thirds had a primary school education level or less. Almost all FSWs had ever heard of HIV/AIDS. 79.1% had ever been tested, and 84.1% of the latter had been tested in the last year. In the previous six months, 90.1% were exposed to prevention messages. Women exposed to any HIV prevention message reported a higher level of consistent condom use in the last month (69.0%) than those who were not (48.5%, p<0.0001). HIV prevalence was 7.7%. Among HIV-positive women, 60.6% knew their status; among those, 90.5% were on ARV and 81.8% of them had a suppressed viral load. Conclusions Despite long-standing HIV prevention programs for FSWs, the prevention indicators were often low. Linkage to care was good, viral suppression was sub-optimal, but knowledge of HIV-positive status was low. Exposing women to prevention messages is necessary, as to increase HIV testing.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Évolution de l'épidémie du VIH en présence d'interventions ciblant le milieu prostitutionnel au Bénin : analyses de tendance et des techniques de collectes de données comportementales
    (2012) Béhanzin, Luc; Alary, Michel
    Cette étude à trois volets a été conduite au Bénin et porte sur 1) l’évaluation de la tendance des infections sexuellement transmissibles y compris l’infection à VIH (IST/VIH) et des comportements sexuels associés chez les travailleuses du sexe (TS) de 1993 à 2008 dans un contexte où se développaient des interventions préventives ciblant le milieu prostitutionnel (projet canadien de 1992 à 2006 suivi de l’appropriation des activités par la partie nationale), tout en examinant l’impact du changement dans le modèle d’intervention après le désengagement du projet canadien en 2006, 2) la comparaison des prévalences des IST/VIH et des comportements associés dans la population générale de Cotonou entre 1998 et 2008, 3) la comparaison de la technique d’entrevue individuelle face-à-face (FTFI) à la nouvelle technique d’entrevue de groupe par boîte de votation confidentielle (PBS). De 1993 à 2008, il y a eu une diminution significative dans les prévalences des IST/VIH chez les TS. Ces diminutions étaient très marquées à Cotonou pour le VIH (53,3% à 30,4%; p-ajusté=0,0001) et la gonorrhée (43,2% à 6,4% ; p-ajusté < 0,0001). Par contre, il y a eu une hausse significative dans la prévalence de la gonorrhée entre 2005 et 2008 (rapport de prévalences : RP=1,76 ; Intervalle de confiance à 95% : [1,17-2,65]) après le désengagement du projet canadien. À Cotonou où les interventions ciblées ont connu une intensification entre 2001 et 2006, la prévalence du VIH a diminué significativement de 83% entre 1998 et 2008 (3,0 à 0,5%; p-ajusté=0,002) chez les jeunes hommes de 15 à 29 ans de la population générale. Le PBS a permis d’éliciter une fréquence accrue des comportements sexuels à risque du VIH par rapport au FTFI, et réduirait donc le biais de désirabilité sociale. L’étude met en évidence que dans les pays où l’épidémie du VIH est encore concentrée au sein des TS comme c’est le cas au Bénin, le ciblage préventif du milieu prostitutionnel reste l’intervention la plus efficace pour contrôler l’épidémie. Dans ce contexte où l’exactitude dans la mesure des comportements sexuels est d’importance capitale pour la planification d’interventions efficaces ainsi que leur évaluation, la technique PBS devrait être intégrée aux enquêtes comportementales.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Structural determinants of health : a qualitative study on female sex workers in Benin
    (Taylor & Francis Online, 2019-03-20) Dugas, Marylène; Guédou, Fernand Aimé; Bédard, Emmanuelle; Kpatchavi, Codjo Adolphe; Béhanzin, Luc; Alary, Michel
    The objective of this paper is to expose those socio-structural contexts revealing the social injustice and human rights violations that sub-Saharan women face every day when forced into sex work by unemployment or sickness. Results of a qualitative study highlighting some key structural determinants of sex work and HIV infection among FSWs will be presented and examined through the lens of the WHO conceptual framework for action on the social determinants of health. The results showed that most FSWs had lacked the necessary financial support at some point in their lives. Also, both the socioeconomic and political context failed to provide proper support to prevent involvement in sex work and the consequent risks of HIV. The cultural and societal values placed on the health and well-being of FSWs in Benin appear to depend on the degree to which sexual violence and adultery are perceived as a collective social concern. This portrait of FSWs calls for both long-term interventions through a structural determinant approach to HIV prevention, targeting all the women who could face such a financial situation well before their entry into sex work, while maintaining short and medium-term interventions on the intermediary determinants.