Personne :
Gagnon, Marie-Pierre

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Université Laval. Faculté des sciences infirmières
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Voici les éléments 1 - 10 sur 13
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    M-health adoption by healthcare professionals : a systematic review
    (Oxford University Press, 2015-06-15) Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Ngangue, Patrice; Payne-Gagnon, Julie; Desmartis, Marie
    Objective The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize current knowledge of the factors influencing healthcare professional adoption of mobile health (m-health) applications. Methods Covering a period from 2000 to 2014, we conducted a systematic literature search on four electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychInfo). We also consulted references from included studies. We included studies if they reported the perceptions of healthcare professionals regarding barriers and facilitators to m-health utilization, if they were published in English, Spanish, or French and if they presented an empirical study design (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods). Two authors independently assessed study quality and performed content analysis using a validated extraction grid with pre-established categorization of barriers and facilitators. Results The search strategy led to a total of 4223 potentially relevant papers, of which 33 met the inclusion criteria. Main perceived adoption factors to m-health at the individual, organizational, and contextual levels were the following: perceived usefulness and ease of use, design and technical concerns, cost, time, privacy and security issues, familiarity with the technology, risk-benefit assessment, and interaction with others (colleagues, patients, and management). Conclusion This systematic review provides a set of key elements making it possible to understand the challenges and opportunities for m-health utilization by healthcare providers.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Evaluation of the acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness of two methods of involving patients with disability in developing clinical guidelines : study protocol of a randomized pragmatic pilot trial
    (BioMed Central, 2014-04-10) Lamontagne, Marie-Eve; Perreault, Kadija; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre
    Background: Despite growing interest in the importance of, and challenges associated with the involvement of patient and population (IPP) in the process of developing and adapting clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), there is a lack of knowledge about the best method to use. This is especially problematic in the field of rehabilitation, where individuals with disabilities might face many barriers to their involvement in the guideline development and adaptation process. The goal of this pilot trial is to document the acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness of two methods of involving patients with a disability (traumatic brain injury) in CPG development. Methods/Design: A single-blind, randomized, crossover pragmatic trial will be performed with 20 patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). They will be randomized into two groups, and each will try two alternative methods of producing recommendations; a discussion group (control intervention) and a Wiki, a webpage that can be modified by those who have access to it (experimental intervention). The participants will rate the acceptability of the two methods, and feasibility will be assessed using indicators such as the number of participants who accessed and completed the two methods, and the number of support interventions required. Twenty experts, blinded to the method of producing the recommendations, will independently rate the recommendations produced by the participants for clarity, accuracy, appropriateness and usefulness. Discussion: Our trial will allow for the use of optimal IPP methods in a larger project of adapting guidelines for the rehabilitation of individuals with TBI. Ultimately the results will inform the science of CPG development and contribute to the growing knowledge about IPP in rehabilitation settings.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    A Systematic Review of Instruments to Assess Organizational Readiness for Knowledge Translation in Health Care
    (2014-12-04) Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Attieh, Randa; Ouimet, Mathieu; Ghandour, El Kebir; Légaré, France; Estabrooks, Carole A.; Grimshaw, Jeremy
    Background : The translation of research into practices has been incomplete. Organizational readiness for change (ORC) is a potential facilitator of effective knowledge translation (KT). However we know little about the best way to assess ORC. Therefore, we sought to systematically review ORC measurement instruments. Methods : We searched for published studies in bibliographic databases (Pubmed, Embase, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Web of Science, etc.) up to November 1st, 2012. We included publications that developed ORC measures and/or empirically assessed ORC using an instrument at the organizational level in the health care context. We excluded articles if they did not refer specifically to ORC, did not concern the health care domain or were limited to individual-level change readiness. We focused on identifying the psychometric properties of instruments that were developed to assess readiness in an organization prior to implementing KT interventions in health care. We used the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing to assess the psychometric properties of identified ORC measurement instruments. Findings : We found 26 eligible instruments described in 39 publications. According to the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, 18 (69%) of a total of 26 measurement instruments presented both validity and reliability criteria. The Texas Christian University –ORC (TCU-ORC) scale reported the highest instrument validity with a score of 4 out of 4. Only one instrument, namely the Modified Texas Christian University – Director version (TCU-ORC-D), reported a reliability score of 2 out of 3. No information was provided regarding the reliability and validity of five (19%) instruments. Conclusion : Our findings indicate that there are few valid and reliable ORC measurement instruments that could be applied to KT in the health care sector. The TCU-ORC instrument presents the best evidence in terms of validity testing. Future studies using this instrument could provide more knowledge on its relevance to diverse clinical contexts.
  • Publication
    Induced dyadic stress and food intake : examination of the moderating roles of body mass index and restraint
    (ScienceDirect, 2016-08-25) Côté, Marilou; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Bégin, Catherine; Provencher, Véronique
    Restrained eaters and overweight and obese people are prone to increase their food intake during stressful situations. This study examines the impact of a stressful couple discussion on food intake in both spouses, while simultaneously taking into account the effect of BMI and restraint on this association. For 15min, 80 heterosexual couples discussed an aspect that they wanted their partner to change followed by an individual bogus taste test for the purpose of measuring his or her stress-induced food intake. Prior to and after the discussion, subjective mood state was assessed, as well as appetite perceptions, and the mood change before and after the discussion was calculated. Multiple regression analyses with a three-way interaction between mood change, BMI, and restraint were used to predict food intake for both men and women, while controlling for appetite perceptions. Only restrained women with a high BMI ate more when their mood worsened. For men, only appetite perceptions significantly predicted food intake. These results suggest that an induced negative mood in the form of a stressful couple discussion impacts food intake differently for men and women, and that particular attention should be given to the concomitant effect of both restraint and BMI when studying stress-induced eating among women.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Psychosocial factors of dietitians’ intentions to adopt shared decision making behaviours : a cross-sectional survey
    (Public Library of Science, 2013-05-20) Deschênes, Sarah Maude; Lapointe, Annie.; Turcotte, Stéphane; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Desroches, Sophie; Légaré, France
    Objectives While shared decision making (SDM) promotes health-related decisions that are informed, value-based and adhered to, few studies report on theory-based approaches to SDM adoption by healthcare professionals. We aimed to identify the factors influencing dietitians' intentions to adopt two SDM behaviours: 1) present dietary treatment options to patients and 2) help patients clarify their values and preferences. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional postal survey based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour among 428 randomly selected dietitians working in clinical practice across the Province of Quebec, Canada. We performed descriptive analyses and multiple regression analyses to determine the variables that explained the variance in intention to perform the behaviours. Results A total of 203 dietitians completed the questionnaire. Their ages were from 23 to 66 and they had been practising dietetics for 15.4±11.1 years (mean ± SD). On a scale from 1 to 7 (from strongly disagree to strongly agree), dietitians' intentions to present dietary treatment options and to clarify their patients' values and preferences were 5.00±1.14 and 5.68±0.74, respectively. Perceived behavioural control (ß¿=¿0.56, ¿<0.0001), subjective norm (ß¿=¿0.16, ¿<0.05), and moral norm (ß¿=¿0.22, ¿<0.0001), were the factors significantly predicting the intention to present dietary treatment options, while perceived behavioural control (ß¿=¿0.60, ¿<0.0001), attitude (ß¿=¿0.20, ¿<0.05), and professional norm (ß¿=¿0.22, ¿<0.001), significantly predicted the intention to help patients' clarify their values and preferences.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Exploration of shared decision‐making processes among dieticians and patients during a consultation for the nutritional treatment of dyslipidaemia
    (Blackwell Science, 2014-08-18) Lapointe, Annie.; Vaillancourt, Hugues; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Desroches, Sophie; Deschênes, Sarah-Maude; Légaré, France
    Background: Shared decision making (SDM) holds great potential for improving the therapeutic efficiency and quality of nutritional treatment of dyslipidaemia by promoting patient involvement in decision making. Adoption of specific behaviours fostering SDM during consultations has yet to be studied in routine dietetic practice. Objective: Using a cross-sectional study design, we aimed to explore both dieticians’ and patients’ adoption of SDM behaviours in dietetic consultations regarding the nutritional treatment of dyslipidaemia. Methods: Twenty-six dieticians working in local health clinics in the Quebec City metropolitan area were each asked to identify one dyslipidaemic patient they would see in an upcoming consultation. Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), questionnaires were designed to study two targeted SDM behaviours: ‘to discuss nutritional treatment options for dyslipidaemia’ and ‘to discuss patients’ values and preferences about nutritional treatment options for dyslipidaemia’. These questionnaires were administered to the dietician–patient dyad individually before the consultation. Associations between TPB constructs (attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavioural control) towards behavioural intentions were analysed using Spearman’s partial correlations. Results: Thirteen unique patient-dietician dyads completed the study. Perceived behavioural control was the only TPB construct significantly associated with both dieticians’ and patients’ intentions to adopt the targeted SDM behaviours (P < 0.05). Conclusions: As perceived behavioural control seems to determine dieticians’ and patients’ adoption of SDM behaviours, interventions addressing barriers and reinforcing enablers of these behaviours are indicated. This exploratory study highlights issues that could be addressed in future research endeavours to expand the knowledge base relating to SDM adoption in dietetic practice.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Déterminants psychosociaux et organisationnels de l'adoption des technologies de télémédecine dans le Réseau québécois de télésanté élargi (RQTE)
    (2003) Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Godin, Gaston
    La télémédecine constitue un outil en soutien à la prestation de services de santé et présente une solution potentielle à certains problèmes rencontrés dans les systèmes de santé. Cette étude visait l’analyse conjointe des facteurs individuels et organisationnels associés à l’adoption de la télémédecine dans le Réseau québécois de télésanté élargi (RQTE). Le premier article présente une analyse des facteurs psychosociaux associés à l’intention des médecins d’utiliser la télémédecine, basée sur la Théorie des comportements interpersonnels. Un questionnaire a été distribué à l’ensemble des médecins pratiquant dans les hôpitaux du RQTE. La modélisation par équations structurales a permis de tester le modèle théorique. Ce modèle expliquait 81% (p < .001) de la variance dans l’intention des médecins d’utiliser la télémédecine. L’intention était prédite par un facteur normatif composite, comprenant les normes personnelles et sociales, (β = 1.08; p < .001) et par l’identité personnelle (β = —.33; p < .001). Ainsi, les médecins possédant une forte perception des responsabilités professionnelles et sociales associées à l’utilisation de la télémédecine démontrent une intention plus élevée d’adopter celle-ci. Cependant, l’effet de suppression de la variable d’identité personnelle suggère que la perception individuelle des médecins en tant qu’utilisateurs de la télémédecine influence également leur intention. Le deuxième article porte sur les caractéristiques organisationnelles influençant l’adoption de la télémédecine. À partir d’un cadre intégrateur, combinant des concepts de différentes théories, une étude exploratoire a été menée dans les 32 hôpitaux du RQTE par le biais d’un questionnaire. Des analyses de contingence ont permis d’identifier les facteurs organisationnels influençant l’adoption de la télémédecine. Ensuite, une étude de cas multiple a été conduite dans neuf hôpitaux. Des entrevues avec des informateurs-clés ont permis d’enrichir la compréhension du contexte dans lequel cette technologie était implantée. Enfin, la triangulation des résultats a fait ressortir certaines caractéristiques organisationnelles ayant influencé l’adoption de la télémédecine. Ainsi, la localisation de l’hôpital, de même que les équipements et les ressources humaines disponibles ont eu un impact sur l’adoption de la télémédecine. La participation des administrateurs et des médecins aux décisions concernant la télémédecine est également associée à son adoption.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Implementation of a new clinical and organisational practice to improve access to primary care services : a protocol for an effectiveness-implementation hybrid study
    (BMJ Publishing Ltd., 2022-04-19) Ghandour, El Kebir; Côté, Nancy; Fortin, Jean-Paul; Laberge, Maude; Breton, Mylaine; Freeman, Andrew; Duhoux, Arnaud; Chouinard, Rébecca; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Martin, Elisabeth; Bourgeault, Ivy
    Introduction In Canada, as in most Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, healthcare systems face significant challenges in ensuring better access to primary care. A regional healthcare organisation in Quebec (Canada) serving a population of approximately 755 459 citizens has implemented a standardised access approach to primary care services for this population. The objective of this new clinical and organisational practice is to ensure that users benefit from the same referral process, regardless of the entry point, in order to be directed to the right services. This new practice integrates a shared decision-making process between the user and the professional, and a collaborative process between different health professionals within and between services. The objective of our research is to identify and characterise the conditions of implementation of this practice. Methods This effectiveness-implementation hybrid investigation will use an embedded single-case study, defined in this case as the process of implementing a clinical and organisational practice within a healthcare organisation. Further to an evaluation conducted during a preliminary phase of the project, this study consists of evaluating the implementation of this new practice in four medical clinics (family medicine groups). A qualitative analysis of the data and a quantitative preimplementation and postimplementation analysis based on performance indicators will be conducted. This study is ultimately situated within a participatory organisational approach that involves various stakeholders and users at each step of the implementation and evaluation process.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Rethinking harm reduction in the digital age for young consumers
    (Drogues, santé et société, 2019-07-15) Guichard, Anne; Saint-Jacques, Marianne; Lefrançois, Catherine; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Roy, Élise
    Introduction : La démultiplication des substances psychoactives, la transformation des pratiques de consommation, l’inadéquation des services pour les jeunes et le virage technologique pris par les consommateurs, tant pour acheter que s’informer sur les substances, incitent à repenser l’intervention en réduction des méfaits. Objectifs : L’étude vise à explorer l’intérêt et la faisabilité d’utiliser les technologies de l’information et des communications (TIC) pour prévenir des consommations plus intensives et réduire les dommages chez les jeunes adultes consommateurs en situation de grande vulnérabilité sociale. Méthodes : Elle utilise une approche de recherche communautaire basée sur des groupes de discussion menés auprès de jeunes consommateurs de 18 à 29 ans et d’intervenants œuvrant auprès des jeunes en difficultés dans la région de Québec. Résultats : Les TIC constituent un outil privilégié d’approvisionnement et d’échange d’informations sur les substances parmi les jeunes. Elles s’insèrent dans un contexte de lacunes dans les ressources existantes. En réponse, les participants suggèrent le développement d’une plateforme interactive spécialisée et actualisée d’échange d’informations sur les substances en circulation et la façon de gérer leurs consommations et les situations d’urgence. Pour les intervenants, les TIC sont peu exploitées pour des échanges en lien avec les substances illicites et jugées délicates à manipuler sur ces questions sensibles. Elles sont néanmoins perçues comme pouvant pallier un déficit de connaissances et de compétences pour aborder ces sujets complexes avec les jeunes. Des enjeux émergents liés aux inégalités d’accès au numérique, de littératie avec les TIC, éthiques et juridiques. Conclusion : Les TIC sont bien implantées dans le travail des intervenants et la vie des jeunes consommateurs. Elles sont des outils complémentaires, probablement incontournables à l’ère du numérique et de la complexification des marchés et des modes de consommation.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Approaches to considering sex and gender in continuous professional development for health and social care professionals : an emerging paradigm
    (Taylor & Francis, 2018-07-28) Bilodeau, André.; Borduas, Francine; Dogba, Maman Joyce; Monette, Céline; Blair, Louisa; Robitaille, Hubert; Rhugenda, Sylvie-Marianne; Stacey, Dawn; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Tanguay, Dominique; Bélanger, Annie-Pierre; Tremblay, Marie-Claude; Bussières, André; Desroches, Sophie; Gosselin, Hélène.; Roch, Geneviève; Jose, Caroline; Légaré, France
    Consideration of sex and gender in research and clinical practice is necessary to redress health inequities and reduce knowledge gaps. As all health professionals must maintain and update their skills throughout their career, developing innovative continuing professional education programs that integrate sex and gender issues holds great promise for reducing these gaps. This article proposes new approaches to partnership, team development, pedagogical theory, content development, evaluation and data management that will advance the integration of sex and gender in continuing professional development (CPD). Our perspectives build on an intersectoral and interprofessional research team that includes several perspectives, including those of CPD, health systems, knowledge translation and sex and gender.