Personne :
Tremblay, Angelo

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Université Laval. Institut sur la nutrition et les aliments fonctionnels
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Voici les éléments 1 - 10 sur 66
  • Publication
    Short sleep duration is associated with a lower mean satiety quotient in overweight and obese men
    (J. Libbey, 2013-10-16) Drapeau, Vicky; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Gallant, Annette; McNeil, Jeremy Nichol; Doucet, Éric; Tremblay, Angelo
    We examined satiety quotient (SQ) and energy intake (EI) according to sleep duration, quality and timing. Seventy-five overweight/obese men (age: 41.1±5.8 years; body mass index: 33.6±2.9 kg/m2) completed visual analogue scales for appetite sensations before, immediately after and every 10 minutes for 1 hour following a standardized breakfast. The mean SQ (primary outcome of the study) was calculated from four appetite sensations. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index identified short-duration (<7 h/night) and ‘recommended sleep duration’ (greater than or equal to7 h/night) sleepers, poor (score greater than or equal to5)- and good (score <5)-quality sleepers and late (midpoint of sleep >0230 hours) and early (midpoint of sleep less than or equal to0230 hours) sleepers. A 3-day food record and buffet-style meal assessed the EI. Short-duration sleepers had a lower mean SQ compared with recommended sleep duration sleepers (6.5±4.9 vs 8.8±4.3 mm/100 kcal; P=0.04). The mean SQ between poor and good (6.9±4.6 vs 8.7±4.6 mm/100 kcal; P=0.11) and that between early and late (8.99±5.10 vs 9.32±4.02 mm/100 kcal; P=0.78) sleepers were not significantly different. EI did not differ between the sleep groups. Thus, short-duration sleepers had a lower mean SQ compared with recommended sleep duration sleepers. However, this did not coincide with an increased EI.
  • Publication
    Irisin is more strongly predicted by muscle oxidative potential than adiposity in non-diabetic men
    (Springer Science & Business Media B.V., 2015-03-28) Joanisse, Denis R.; Dubois, Marie Julie; Marette, André.; Fleury, Pascale; Tremblay, Angelo; Lacaille, Michel; Weisnagel, John; Huth, Claire; Mauriege, Pascale
    Numerous controversies surround the peptide hormone irisin. Although implicated as a myokine promoting the browning of adipose tissue in rodents, its roles in humans remain unclear. Contradictory results have also been found with respect to the relationships between adiposity or metabolic health and plasma irisin levels in humans. We investigated the relationship between irisin levels and body composition (hydrostatic weighing), insulin sensitivity (hyperinsulinemiceuglycemic clamp), fitness level (ergocycle VO2max) and skeletal muscle metabolic profile in 53 men (aged 34–53 years) from four groups: sedentary non-obese controls (body mass index [BMI] <25 kg/m2), sedentary obese (BMI >30 kg/m2), sedentary obese glucose-intolerant, and non-obese highly trained endurance active. Baseline plasma irisin levels were significantly different between groups, being lowest in trained men (140.6±38.2 ng/mL) and highest in metabolically deteriorated glucose-intolerant subjects (204.0±50.5 ng/mL; ANOVA p=0.01). Including all subjects, irisin levels were positively associated with adiposity (e.g. fat mass, r=0.430, p<0.01) and negatively associated with fitness (r=-0.369, p<0.01), insulin sensitivity (M/I, r=-0.355, p<0.01) and muscle citrate synthase (CS) activity (r=-0.482, p<0.01). Most correlations lost statistical significance when excluding active individuals, except for insulin resistance (r=-0.413, p<0.01) and CS (r=-0.462, p<0.01). Multiple regression analyses reveal CS as the strongest independent predictor of irisin levels (r2 range 0.214 to 0.237). We conclude that muscle oxidative potential is an important factor linked to circulating irisin levels. Keywords : Irisin . Myokine . Adipose tissue . Adipokine . Obesity. Insulin sensitivity
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Impact of a health-at-every-size intervention on changes in dietary intakes and eating patterns in premenopausal overweight women : results of a randomized trial
    (2012-08-01) Leblanc, Vicky; Corneau, Louise; Tremblay, Angelo; Lemieux, Simone; Bégin, Catherine; Provencher, Véronique
    Background & aims : Previous studies have shown improvements in eating behaviors following a Health-At-Every-Size approach (HAES). However, to our knowledge, no study has yet investigated how a HAES intervention could influence dietary intakes and eating patterns in overweight women. Therefore, objectives of this study were to determine changes in dietary intakes and eating patterns in premenopausal overweight women in response to a HAES intervention compared to a social support intervention and a control group, and then to determine whether changes in eating behaviors were associated with changes in dietary intakes and eating patterns in response to the HAES intervention.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Associations between eating patterns, dietary intakes and eating behaviors in premenopausal overweight women
    (Pergamon, 2012-04-01) Gagnon-Girouard, Marie-Pierre; Leblanc, Vicky; Corneau, Louise; Tremblay, Angelo; Lemieux, Simone; Bégin, Catherine; Provencher, Véronique
    The regulation of energy intake is complex and many biological, psychosocial and environmental influences have been identified. To our knowledge, no study has yet investigated how eating patterns could mediate associations between eating behaviors and self-reported energy intake in premenopausal overweight women. Therefore, objectives of this study were to examine associations between eating behaviors and eating patterns in premenopausal overweight women and to test if eating patterns could mediate the associations between eating behaviors and self-reported energy intake. Women completed a 3-day food record and the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire was used to assess eating behaviors (dietary restraint, disinhibition, hunger). In the total sample of women, flexible restraint was negatively (r = - 0.18; p = 0.03) and binge eating severity was positively (r = 0.24; p = 0.004) associated with self-reported energy intake. Moreover, flexible restraint was positively associated with the proportion of energy intake at breakfast (r = 0.24; p = 0.004), whereas disinhibition and binge eating severity were positively associated with the proportion of energy intake from snacks consumed after 5:00 pm (r = 0.22, p = 0.007 and r = 0.22, p = 0.01, respectively). In addition, mediational analyses showed that proportion of energy intake from snacks consumed after 5:00 pm explained 24.1% of the association between binge eating severity and self-reported energy intake. In conclusion, these results suggest that eating patterns are important factors to consider in order to explain the associations between eating behaviors and self-reported energy intake.
  • Publication
    Long-term adiposity changes are related to a glucocorticoid receptor polymorphism in young females
    (Oxford Academic, 2003-07-01) Drapeau, Vicky; Bouchard, Claude; Pérusse, Louis; Tremblay, Angelo; Bouchard, Luigi; Després, Jean-Pierre
    Male and female preadolescents and adolescents who participated in phase 1 of the Québec Family Study, and who were retested about 12 yr later, were recruited and subdivided on the basis of a genetic variant within the intron 2 of the glucocorticoid receptor (GRL IVS2-BclI). The increase in sc adiposity over the 12-yr follow-up period in the 4.5/2.3 genotype female subgroup was more than twice that observed in the 4.5/4.5 and the 2.3/2.3 genotype subgroups (P < 0.01). The statistical significance of this difference was essentially unchanged after adjusting for changes, over time, in percent dietary energy as fat, alcohol consumption, and participation in vigorous physical activity. In male subjects, the same trend was found, but it did not reach statistical significance. In conclusion, this study suggests that a significant interaction effect exists between variation in the glucocorticoid receptor gene and body fat gain in female subjects experiencing the transition between adolescence and adulthood. Further research will, however, be necessary to characterize the lifestyle factors promoting fat accumulation, over time, among genetically susceptible individuals.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Effects of a diet-based weight-reducing program with probiotic supplementation on satiety efficiency, eating behaviour traits and psychosocial behaviours in obese individuals
    (MDPI AG, 2017-03-15) Drapeau, Vicky; Doré, Jean; Sanchez, Marina; Marette, André.; Tremblay, Angelo; Darimont, Christian; Panahi, Shirin; Taylor, Valérie H.
    This study evaluated the impact of probiotic supplementation (Lactobacillus rhamnosus CGMCC1.3724 (LPR)) on appetite sensations and eating behaviors in the context of a weight-reducing program. Obese men (n = 45) and women (n = 60) participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial that included a 12-week weight loss period (Phase 1) based on moderate energy restriction, followed by 12 weeks of weight maintenance (Phase 2). During the two phases of the program, each subject consumed two capsules per day of either a placebo or a LPR formulation (10 mg of LPR equivalent to 1.6 108 CFU/capsule, 210 mg of oligofructose, and 90 mg of inulin). The LPR supplementation increased weight loss in women that was associated with a greater increase in the fasting desire to eat (p = 0.03). On the other hand, satiety efficiency (satiety quotient for desire to eat) at lunch increased (p = 0.02), whereas disinhibition (p = 0.05) and hunger (p = 0.02) scores decreased more in the LPR-treated women, when compared with the female control group. Additionally, the LPR female group displayed a more pronounced decrease in food craving (p = 0.05), and a decrease in the Beck Depression Inventory score (p = 0.05) that was significantly different from the change noted in the placebo group (p = 0.02), as well as a higher score in the Body Esteem Scale questionnaire (p = 0.06). In men, significant benefits of LPR on fasting fullness and cognitive restraint were also observed. Taken together, these observations lend support to the hypothesis that the gut-brain axis may impact appetite control and related behaviors in obesity management. View Full-Text
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Effects of a healthy meal course on spontaneous energy intake, satiety and palatability
    (Cambridge, 2007-03-01) Drapeau, Vicky; Lamarche, Benoît; Tremblay, Angelo; Bérubé-Parent, Sonia; Blundell, J. E.; Poortvliet, Peter C.
    Many food components can influence satiety or energy intake. Combined together, these food components could represent an interesting dietary strategy in the prevention and treatment of obesity. The aims of this study were: 1) to determine the effect of a functional food in the form of a healthy meal course on subsequent energy intake and satiety; 2) to verify if it is possible to maintain palatability while preserving the satiating effects of the test meal. Thirteen subjects were invited to eat two lunch sessions: healthy and control meal courses (2090 kJ/meal). Anthropometric and ad libitum food intake measurements, and visual analogue scales (VAS) were performed during the two lunch sessions. The healthy main course acutely decreased energy intake during the rest of the meal ( − 744 kJ, P ≤ 0·0001) and lipid ( − 6 %, P ≤ 0·0001) compared with the control meal. VAS ratings during the course of the testing showed a meal effect for hunger, desire to eat and prospective food consumption (P ≤ 0·05) and a time effect for all appetite sensations (P ≤ 0·0001). VAS scores on hunger ratings were lower for the healthy meal (P ≤ 0·05), whereas fullness ratings were higher shortly after the healthy main course (P ≤ 0·05). The healthy meal produced a slightly higher palatability rating but this effect was not statistically significant. These results suggest that it is possible to design a healthy meal that decreases spontaneous energy intake and hunger without compromising palatability.
  • Publication
    Night eating symptoms and two-year weight change in parents enrolled in the QUALITY cohort
    (2015-01-01) Drapeau, Vicky; Gallant, Annette; Lundgren, Jennifer D.; Tremblay, Angelo; O'Loughlin, Jennifer; Bain, Allison; LeBlanc, Mélanie
    Background/Objective: The timing of food intake may be implicated in weight gain. This study tested the hypothesis that symptoms commonly associated with night-eating syndrome are related to measures of weight gain in adults. Subjects/Methods: Parents participating in QUALITY (Québec Adipose and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth) completed the night eating questionnaire (NEQ) at baseline (2005–2008) and at follow-up (2008–2010). Height and weight were measured and self-report questionnaire data were available for 388 parents (59% female, mean (s.d.) age: 41.8±5.7, mean (s.d.) body mass index (BMI): 29.6±5.7). Linear regression models were used to test the associations between baseline night-eating symptoms (NEQ scores, night-eating behaviours) and percent change in each of BMI and waist circumference (WC). Results: A high NEQ score predicted a small increase in percent change in BMI in nonobese parents but a decrease among those who were severely obese. Nocturnal ingestions of food predicted an increase in percent change in BMI; however, the effect size was small. Morning anorexia predicted an increase in percent change in WC. Conclusion: Certain night-eating symptoms may predict measures of weight gain in adults but the effects seem small and the findings need to be confirmed in more symptomatic samples.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus CGMCC1.3724 supplementation on weight loss and maintenance in obese men and women
    (Cambridge, 2014-04-28) Drapeau, Vicky; Darimont, Christian; Chevrier, Geneviève; Doré, Jean; Emady-Azar, Shahram; Sanchez, Marina; Marette, André.; Rezzonico, Enea; Cossette-Harvey, Mélissa; Ngom Bru, Catherine; St-Amand, Emmanuelle; Berger, Bernard; Tremblay, Angelo; Philippe, Lionel; Ammon-Zuffrey, Corinne; Leone, Patricia
    The present study investigated the impact of a Lactobacillus rhamnosus CGMCC1.3724 (LPR) supplementation on weight loss and maintenance in obese men and women over 24 weeks. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial, each subject consumed two capsules per d of either a placebo or a LPR formulation (1·6 × 108 colony-forming units of LPR/capsule with oligofructose and inulin). Each group was submitted to moderate energy restriction for the first 12 weeks followed by 12 weeks of weight maintenance. Body weight and composition were measured at baseline, at week 12 and at week 24. The intention-to-treat analysis showed that after the first 12 weeks and after 24 weeks, mean weight loss was not significantly different between the LPR and placebo groups when all the subjects were considered. However, a significant treatment × sex interaction was observed. The mean weight loss in women in the LPR group was significantly higher than that in women in the placebo group (P= 0·02) after the first 12 weeks, whereas it was similar in men in the two groups (P= 0·53). Women in the LPR group continued to lose body weight and fat mass during the weight-maintenance period, whereas opposite changes were observed in the placebo group. Changes in body weight and fat mass during the weight-maintenance period were similar in men in both the groups. LPR-induced weight loss in women was associated not only with significant reductions in fat mass and circulating leptin concentrations but also with the relative abundance of bacteria of the Lachnospiraceae family in faeces. The present study shows that the Lactobacillus rhamnosus CGMCC1.3724 formulation helps obese women to achieve sustainable weight loss.
  • Publication
    Evidence of a quantitative trait locus for energy and macronutrient intake on chromosome 3q27.3 in the Quebec Family Study
    (American Society for Clinical Nutrition, 2008-10-01) Choquette, Anne.; Bouchard, Claude; Chagnon, Yvon C.; Pérusse, Louis; Tremblay, Angelo; Lemieux, Simone; Vohl, Marie-Claude
    Background: Little is known about the genes influencing dietary energy and nutrient intakes, despite evidence that these intakes are influenced by genetic factors. Objective: We aimed to identify, by using a genome-wide linkage analysis, chromosomal regions harboring genes that affect energy and macronutrient intakes. Design: Energy, carbohydrate, lipid, and protein intakes were assessed in 836 subjects from 217 families by using a 3-d dietary record. A total of 443 markers were genotyped and tested for linkage; age- and sex-adjusted energy and macronutrient intakes were expressed in grams and as percentages of total energy intake. Regression-based (Haseman-Elston) and variance-component (MERLIN) methods were applied to test for linkage with dietary data. A maximum of 454 sibpairs from 217 nuclear families were available for analysis. Results: The genome scan provided suggestive evidence (P 0.0023) for the presence of 6 quantitative trait linkages influencing total caloric and macronutrient intakes in the Québec Family Study. Of these, multiple linkages were found on chromosome 3q27.3, in a region harboring the adiponectin gene, at marker D3S1262 for energy [logarithm of odds (LOD): 2.24], carbohydrate (LOD: 2.00), and lipid (LOD: 1.65) intakes. The peak linkages for carbohydrate, lipid, and proteinintakes were found on chromosomes 1p32.2 (LOD: 2.39), 1p35.2 (LOD: 2.41), and 10p15.3 (LOD: 2.72), respectively. The linkage results remained significant after adjustment for body mass index, which suggested that the genes underlying these quantitative trait linkages influence dietary intake independent of body size. Conclusion: The linkage on chromosome 3q27.3 with energy, lipid, and carbohydrate intakes suggests that this region of the genome may harbor genes that influence energy and macronutrient intakes in humans.