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Germain, Marc

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Faculté de médecine, Université Laval
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  • PublicationAccès libre
    Mitochondrial sub-cellular localization of cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase 8A in ovarian follicular cells
    (Nature Publishing Group, 2019-08-28) Tremblay, Marie-Ève; Vernoux, Nathalie; Lounas, Amel; Richard, François J.; Germain, Marc
    Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) is a ubiquitous secondary messenger that plays a central role in endocrine tissue function, particularly in the synthesis of steroid hormones. The intracellular concentration of cAMP is regulated through its synthesis by cyclases and its degradation by cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs). Although the expression and activity of PDEs impact the specificity and the amplitude of the cAMP response, it is becoming increasingly clear that the sub-cellular localization of PDE emphasizes the spatial regulation of the cell signalling processes that are essential for normal cellular function. We first examined the expression of PDE8A in porcine ovarian cells. PDE8A is expressed in granulosa cells, cumulus cells and oocytes. Second, we assessed the mitochondrial sub-cellular localization of PDE8A. Using western blotting with isolated mitochondrial fractions from granulosa cells and cumulus-oocyte complexes revealed immuno-reactive bands. PDE assay of isolated mitochondrial fractions from granulosa cells measured specific PDE8 cAMP-PDE activity as PF-04957325-sensitive. The immune-reactive PDE8A signal and MitoTracker labelling co-localized supporting mitochondrial sub-cellular localization of PDE8A, which was confirmed using immuno-electron microscopy. Finally, the effect of PDE8 on progesterone production was assessed during the in-vitro maturation of cumulus-oocyte complexes. Using PF-04957325, we observed a significant increase (P < 0.05) in progesterone secretion with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Active mitochondria stained with MitoTracker orange CMTMRos were also increased by the specific PDE8 inhibitor supporting its functional regulation. In conclusion, we propose the occurrence of mitochondrial sub-cellular localization of PDE8A in porcine granulosa cells and cumulus cells. This suggests that there is potential for new strategies for ovarian stimulation and artificial reproductive technologies, as well as the possibility for using new media to improve the quality of oocytes.