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Vaillancourt, Hugues

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Institut sur la nutrition et les aliments fonctionnels, Université Laval
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  • Publication
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    Assessments of the extent to which health-care providers involve patients in decision making : a systematic review of studies using the OPTION instrument
    (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2015-07-22) Turcotte, Stéphane; Robitaille, Hubert; Vaillancourt, Hugues; LeBlanc, Annie; Couët, Nicolas; Desroches, Sophie; Elwyn, Glyn; Légaré, France
    Background: We have no clear overview of the extent to which health-care providers involve patients in the decision-making process during consultations. The Observing Patient Involvement in Decision Making instrument (OPTION) was designed to assess this. Objective: To systematically review studies that used the OPTION instrument to observe the extent to which health-care providers involve patients in decision making across a range of clinical contexts, including different health professions and lengths of consultation. Search strategy: We conducted online literature searches in multiple databases (2001–12) and gathered further data through networking. Inclusion criteria: (i) OPTION scores as reported outcomes and (ii) health-care providers and patients as study participants. For analysis, we only included studies using the revised scale. Data extraction: Extracted data included: (i) study and participant characteristics and (ii) OPTION outcomes (scores, statistical associations and reported psychometric results). We also assessed the quality of OPTION outcomes reporting. Main results: We found 33 eligible studies, 29 of which used the revised scale. Overall, we found low levels of patient-involving behaviours: in cases where no intervention was used to implement shared decision making (SDM), the mean OPTION score was 23 ± 14 (0–100 scale). When assessed, the variables most consistently associatedwith higher OPTION scores were interventions to implement SDM (n = 8/9) and duration of consultations (n = 8/15). Conclusions: Whatever the clinical context, few health-care providers consistently attempt to facilitate patient involvement, and even fewer adjust care to patient preferences. However, both SDM interventions and longer consultations could improve this.