Personne : Turgeon, Sylvie
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Université Laval. Département des sciences des aliments
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- PublicationRestreintCommercial cheeses with different texture have different disintegration and protein/peptide release rates during simulated in vitro digestion(Elsevier, 2016-01-27) Fang, Xixi; Rioux, Laurie-Eve; Labrie, Steve; Turgeon, SylvieSolid food disintegration in the stomach has recently been linked to food texture, which changes during digestion. This phenomenon is likely to affect the kinetics of protein digestion and therefore associated postprandial metabolic responses. Depending upon the variety, the cheese protein and lipid content as well as the texture can be modulated, illustrating complexity. Five commercial cheeses, covering a range of textural properties, were selected and characterised. Cheese particles were submitted to an in vitro digestion model to study cheese disintegration and protein/peptide release. Cheese disintegration was affected by cheese texture and composition. At the end of gastric digestion, elastic cheeses (mozzarella) were less disintegrated when compared with ripened and soft cheeses with high fat content (Camembert, aged Cheddar). The protein digestion was different amongst cheeses according to different disintegration rates. Cheese structural and textural properties, attributed to processing parameters, can be used to modulate gastro-intestinal digestion of cheese proteins.
- PublicationAccès libreQuantitative PCR reveals the frequency and distribution of 3 indigenous yeast species across a range of specialty cheeses(American Dairy Science Association, 2022-09-14) Lamarche, Andréanne; Lessard, Marie-Hélène; Viel, Catherine; Turgeon, Sylvie; St-Gelais, Daniel; Labrie, SteveIndigenous microorganisms are important components of the complex ecosystem of many dairy foods including cheeses, and they are potential contributors to the development of a specific cheese's sensory properties. Among these indigenous microorganisms are the yeasts Cyberlindnera jadinii, Pichia kudriavzevii, and Kazachstania servazzii, which were previously detected using traditional microbiological methods in both raw milk and some artisanal specialty cheeses produced in the province of Québec, Canada. However, their levels across different cheese varieties are unknown. A highly specific and sensitive real-time quantitative PCR assay was developed to quantitate these yeast species in a variety of specialty cheeses (bloomy-rind, washed-rind, and natural-rind cheeses from raw, thermized, and pasteurized milks). The specificity of the quantitative PCR assay was validated, and it showed no cross-amplification with 11 other fungal microorganisms usually found in bloomy-rind and washed-rind cheeses. Cyberlindnera jadinii and P. kudriavzevii were found in the majority of the cheeses analyzed (25 of 29 and 24 of 29 cheeses, respectively) in concentrations up to 104 to 108 gene copies/g in the cheese cores, which are considered oxygen-poor environments, and 101 to 104 gene copies/cm2 in the rind. However, their high abundance was not observed in the same samples. Whereas C. jadinii was present and dominant in all core and rind samples, P. kudriavzevii was mostly present in cheese cores. In contrast, K. servazzii was present in the rinds of only 2 cheeses, in concentrations ranging from 101 to 103 gene copies/cm2, and in 1 cheese core at 105 gene copies/g. Thus, in the ecosystems of specialty cheeses, indigenous yeasts are highly frequent but variable, with certain species selectively present in specific varieties. These results shed light on some indigenous yeasts that establish during the ripening of specialty cheeses.
- PublicationAccès libreIdentification of texture parameters influencing commercial cheese matrix disintegration and lipid digestion using an in vitro static digestion model(New York, NY : Elsevier Science Pub. Co., 2019-03-26) Guinot, Léa; Rioux, Laurie-Eve; Labrie, Steve; Britten, Michel; Turgeon, SylvieCheese characteristics, such as composition or textural properties, can impact the matrix degradation rate which could modulate the bioaccessibility of fatty acids during digestion. The aim of this study was to identify texture parameters influencing cheese degradation in a gastrointestinal environment. A static in vitro digestion model has been used on nine commercial cheeses: young and aged cheddar, regular and light cream cheese, parmesan, feta, camembert, mozzarella, and sliced processed cheese. At the end of gastric digestion, camembert and mozzarella presented the lowest matrix disintegration whereas aged cheddar, regular and light cream cheeses showed the highest. For all cheeses, the fatty acid release was fast during the first 30 min of duodenal digestion and slowed down afterwards. A partial least square regression revealed that springiness, cohesiveness, and hardness were negatively correlated to the rate of cheese disintegration during gastric digestion. In addition, textural parameters were not correlated with free fatty acid release. By modulating cheese texture, it could be possible to influence matrix disintegration during gastrointestinal digestion which could have an impact on lipids release.
- PublicationAccès libreDisintegration and nutrients release from cheese with different textural properties during in vitro digestion(New York : Elsevier, 2016-09-12) Fang, Xixi; Rioux, Laurie-Eve; Labrie, Steve; Turgeon, SylvieRecent results showed that solid food disintegration in the stomach may be affected by food texture which was demonstrated to change during digestion. Cheese is complex as, depending on the variety, its composition and texture can be modulated. Cheddar, light Cheddar, Mozzarella and light Mozzarella cheese particles were digested in vitro. Cheese disintegration and nutrients release were studied throughout the oral, gastric and duodenal digestion steps in presence or absence of enzymes. Cheese disintegration was significantly affected by the enzymatic treatment (with or without enzymes). The addition of enzymes allowed to reach 72% of cheese disintegration at the end of the duodenal digestion while it has attained 30% when no enzymes were added. Cheddar cheese disintegration was the highest among cheeses. This phenomenon was related to its initial higher fat content which resulted in a higher fat release during digestion. The disintegration at the end of each digestion step was also correlated to cheese composition (proteolysis and fat) and to textural parameters (hardness, resilience, adhesiveness and chewiness). Light Cheddar and Mozzarella exhibited similar disintegration and nutrients release at the end of the digestion due to a relatively small fat reduction (6%) which had limited effect on cheese texture. This study provides quantitative evidence regarding the impact of cheese textural changes during digestion on cheese disintegration and macronutrients release which may further affect nutrients anabolic response and some physiological functions.