Personne : Laroche, Gaétan
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Université Laval. Département de génie des mines, de la métallurgie et des matériaux
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- PublicationAccès libreInterplay of geometric cues and RGD/BMP-2 crosstalk in directing stem cell fate(American Chemical Society, 2017-08-21) Bilem, Ibrahim; Laroche, Gaétan; Plawinski, Laurent; Chevallier, Pascale; Sone, E. (Eli); Durrieu, Marie-ChristineWithin the native microenvironment, extracellular matrix (ECM) components are thought to display a complex and heterogeneous distribution, spanning several length scales. Herein, the objective is to mimic, in vitro, the hierarchical organization of proteins and growth factors as well as their crosstalk. Photolithography technique was used to adjacently pattern geometrically defined regions of RGD and BMP-2 mimetic peptides onto glass substrates. These ECM-derived ligands are known to jointly regulate mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) osteogenic differentiation. By manipulating the spatial distribution of dually grafted peptides, the extent of human MSCs osteogenic differentiation was significantly affected, depending on the shape of peptide micropatterns. Our data highlight the existence of a strong interplay between geometric cues and biochemical signals. Such in vitro systems provide a valuable tool to investigate mechanisms by which multiple ECM cues overlap to regulate stem cell fate, thereby contributing to the design of bioinspired biomaterials for bone tissue engineering applications.
- PublicationAccès libreDirecting hMSCs fate through geometrical cues and mimetics peptides(John Wiley & Sons, 2019-10-08) Padiolleau, Laurence; Laroche, GaétanThe native microenvironment of mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs)—the extracellular matrix (ECM), is a complex and heterogenous environment structured at different scales. The present study aims at mimicking the hierarchical microorganization of proteins or growth factors within the ECM using the photolithography technique. Polyethylene terephthalate substrates were used as a model material to geometrically defined regions of RGD + BMP‐2 or RDG + OGP mimetic peptides. These ECM‐derived ligands are under research for regulation of mesenchymal stem cells osteogenic differentiation in a synergic manner. The hMSCs osteogenic differentiation was significantly affected by the spatial distribution of dually grafted peptides on surfaces, and hMSCs cells reacted differently according to the shape and size of peptide micropatterns. Our study demonstrates the presence of a strong interplay between peptide geometric cues and stem cell differentiation toward the osteoblastic lineage. These tethered surfaces provide valuable tools to investigate stem cell fate mechanisms regulated by multiple ECM cues, thereby contributing to the design of new biomaterials and improving hMSCs differentiation cues.
- PublicationAccès libreRGD and BMP-2 mimetic peptides crosstalk enhances osteogenic commitment of human bone marrow stem cells(Elsevier, 2016-03-18) Bilem, Ibrahim; Laroche, Gaétan; Plawinski, Laurent; Chevallier, Pascale; Stone, E.; Durrieu, Marie-ChristineHuman bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) commitment and differentiation are dictated by bioactive molecules sequestered within their Extra Cellular Matrix (ECM). One common approach to mimic the physiological environment is to functionalize biomaterial surfaces with ECM-derived peptides able to recruit stem cells and trigger their linage-specific differentiation. The objective of this work was to investigate combinatorial effects of RGD and BMP-2 mimetic peptides on the osteogenic commitment of hBMSCs, without supplementing the media with pro-osteogenic factors. The RGD peptide promotes cell adhesion via cell transmembrane integrin receptors, while the BMP-2 peptide, corresponding to residues 73-92 of Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2, was shown to induce hBMSCs osteoblast differentiation. The immobilization of peptides on aminated glass was ascertained by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), the density of grafted peptides was quantified by fluorescence microscopy and the surface roughness was evaluated using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). The osteogenic commitment of hBMSCs cultured on RGD and/or BMP-2 surfaces was characterized by immunohistochemistry using STRO-1 as specific stem cells marker and Runx-2 as an earlier osteogenic marker. Biological results showed that the osteogenic commitment of hBMSCs was enhanced on bifunctionalized surfaces as compared to surfaces containing BMP-2, while on RGD surfaces cells mainly preserved their stemness character. These results demonstrated that RGD and BMP-2 mimetic peptides act synergistically to enhance hBMSCs osteogenesis without supplementing the media with osteogenic factors. These findings contribute to the development of biomimetic materials, allowing a deeper understanding of signaling pathways that govern the transition of stem cells towards the osteoblastic lineage.
- PublicationAccès libreSingle or mixed tethered peptides to promote hMSC differentiation toward osteoblastic lineage(American Chemical Society, 2018-11-27) Padiolleau, Laurence; Chanseau, Christel; Laroche, Gaétan; Durrieu, Stephanie; Chevallier, Pascale; Durrieu, Marie-ChristineThe commitment and differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are guided by bioactive molecules within the extracellular matrix. Among the various approaches to design biomaterials, the functionalization of biomaterial surfaces with peptides from the sequence of proteins from the extracellular matrix is quite common. The purpose of this functionalization is to recruit hMSCs and promote their differentiation into the appropriate lineage. The aim of this work was to investigate the influence of RGD and FHRRIKA peptides and peptide sequences taken from bone morphogenic protein (BMP-2) and histone H4 (osteogenic growth peptide; OGP) either tethered alone or as a mixture on the surface of a model material and to also examine the level of hMSC osteogenic commitment without using a differentiation medium. Grafting of the different peptides was assessed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), while their surface density was quantified by fluorescence microscopy, and their surface properties were assessed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and contact angle (CA). The osteogenic commitment of hMSCs cultured on the different surfaces was characterized by immunohistochemistry using Runx-2 as an earlier osteogenic marker and OPN, a late osteogenic marker, and by RT-qPCR through the expression of ColI-a1, Runx-2, and ALP. Biological results show that the osteogenic commitment of the hMSCs was increased on surfaces tethered with a mixture of peptides. Results indicate that tethered peptides in the range of pmol mm–2 were indeed effective in inducing a cellular response after 2 weeks of cell culture without using an osteogenic media. These findings contribute to the research efforts to design biomimetic materials able to induce a response in human stem cells through tethered bioactive molecules for bone tissue engineering.
- PublicationAccès libreThe spatial distribution of RGD and BMP-2 mimetic peptides at the subcellular scale modulates human mesenchymal stem cells osteogenesis(Society for Biomaterials, 2017-11-16) Bilem, Ibrahim; Plawinski, Laurent; Laroche, Gaétan; Chevallier, Pascale; Ayela, Cédric; Sone, E.; Durrieu, Marie-ChristineEngineering artificial extracellular matrices, based on the biomimicry of the spatial distribution of proteins and growth factors within their native microenvironment, is of great importance for understanding mechanisms of bone tissue regeneration. Herein, photolithography is used to decorate glass surfaces with subcellular patterns of RGD and BMP‐2 ligands; two mimetic peptides recognized to be involved in stem cells osteogenesis. The biological relevance of well‐defined RGD and BMP‐2 patterned surfaces is evaluated by investigating the differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) into osteoblasts, in the absence of induction media. The extent of hMSCs differentiation is revealed to be dependent on both the pattern shape and the ligand type. Indeed, the spatial patterning of BMP‐2, but not RGD peptide, significantly enhances the extent of hMSCs differentiation, suggesting that geometric cues guide stem cells specification into specialized cells in a ligand type dependent manner. Such cell culture models provide an interesting tool to investigate how stem cells perceive and respond to their microenvironment and may contribute to the development of next‐generation biomaterials capable of producing clinically relevant volume of bone tissue.
- PublicationAccès libreEvaluating poly(Acrylamide-co-Acrylic Acid) hydrogels stress relaxation to direct the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells(Wiley, 2021-04-19) Prouvé, Émilie; Drouin, Bernard; Laroche, Gaétan; Rémy-Zolghadri, Murielle; Chevallier, Pascale; Durrieu, Marie-ChristineThe aim of this study is to investigate polyacrylamide-based hydrogels stress relaxation and the subsequent impact on the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Different hydrogels are synthesized by varying the amount of cross-linker and the ratio between the monomers (acrylamide and acrylic acid), and characterized by compression tests. It has been found that hydrogels containing 18% of acrylic acid exhibit an average relaxation of 70%, while pure polyacrylamide gels show an average relaxation of 15%. Subsequently, hMSCs are cultured on two different hydrogels functionalized with a mimetic peptide of the bone morphogenetic protein-2 to enable cell adhesion and favor their osteogenic differentiation. Phalloidin staining shows that for a constant stiffness of 55 kPa, a hydrogel with a low relaxation (15%) leads to star-shaped cells, which is typical of osteocytes, while a hydrogel with a high relaxation (70%) presents cells with a polygonal shape characteristic of osteoblasts. Immunofluorescence labeling of E11, strongly expressed in early osteocytes, also shows a dramatically higher expression for cells cultured on the hydrogel with low relaxation (15%). These results clearly demonstrate that, by fine-tuning hydrogels stress relaxation, hMSCs differentiation can be directed toward osteoblasts, and even osteocytes, which is particularly rare in vitro.