Personne : Maheux, Jérôme
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Neurobiologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université Laval
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- PublicationRestreintExtracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) and protein kinase C (PKC) activities are involved in the modulation of Nur77 and Nor-1 expression by dopaminergic drugs(Raven Press, 2008-07-04) Bourhis, Emmanuelle; Maheux, Jérôme; Lévesque, Daniel; Rouillard, ClaudeThe dopamine system is the main target of antipsychotic and psychostimulant drugs. These drugs induce intracellular events that culminate in the transcription of immediate early genes, such as c-fos. Another class of transcription factors, namely, the nuclear receptor subgroup called Nurs (Nur77, Nurr1 and Nor-1), has recently been associated with behavioral and biochemical effects mediated by dopamine. However, the signaling cascade leading to modulation of Nur mRNA levels in the brain has never been investigated. In the present study, we explore in vivo using specific kinase inhibitors the role of mitogen-associated and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (MEK) and protein kinase C (PKC) in the modulation of Nur expression induced by dopamine receptor drugs. Modulation of Nur77 expression by a dopamine D2 receptor antagonist is associated with MEK and PKC activities, whereas only the PKC activity participates in the modulation of Nor-1 expression. Both MEK and PKC activities also participate in the modulation of Nur77 mRNA levels induced by dopamine receptor agonists, whereas a selective MEK activity is associated with the modulation of Nor-1 mRNA levels. Interestingly, modulation of dopamine drug-induced locomotor activities by kinase inhibitors is in accordance with the effects on Nur77, but not Nor-1, expression. Taken together, the results indicate that signaling events leading to modulation of Nur77 and Nor-1 expression following dopamine receptor interacting drugs are distinct. Considering that orphan nuclear receptors of the Nur subgroup display an important ligand-independent constitutive activity, characterization of the signaling cascades involved in the regulation of their expression represents an important step for understanding their role in dopamine system physiology and pathophysiology.
- PublicationAccès libreDopamine D(2) antagonist-induced striatal Nur77 expression requires activation of mGlu5 receptors by cortical afferents(Frontiers, 2012-08-14) St-Hilaire, Michel; Maheux, Jérôme; Voyer, David; Lévesque, Daniel; Tirotta, Emanuele; Rouillard, Claude; Borrelli, Emiliana; Rompré, Pierre-PaulDopamine D2 receptor antagonists modulate gene transcription in the striatum. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this effect remains elusive. Here we used the expression of Nur77, a transcription factor of the orphan nuclear receptor family, as readout to explore the role of dopamine, glutamate, and adenosine receptors in the effect of a dopamine D2 antagonist in the striatum. First, we investigated D2 antagonist-induced Nur77 mRNA in D2L receptor knockout mice. Surprisingly, deletion of the D2L receptor isoform did not reduce eticlopride-induced upregulation of Nur77 mRNA levels in the striatum. Next, we tested if an ibotenic acid-induced cortical lesion could block the effect of eticlopride on Nur77 expression. Cortical lesions strongly reduced eticlopride-induced striatal upregulation of Nur77 mRNA. Then, we investigated if glutamatergic neurotransmission could modulate eticlopride-induced Nur77 expression. A combination of a metabotropic glutamate type 5 (mGlu5) and adenosine A2A receptor antagonists abolished eticlopride-induced upregulation of Nur77 mRNA levels in the striatum. Direct modulation of Nur77 expression by striatal glutamate and adenosine receptors was confirmed using corticostriatal organotypic cultures. Taken together, these results indicate that blockade of postsynaptic D2 receptors is not sufficient to trigger striatal transcriptional activity and that interaction with corticostriatal presynaptic D2 receptors and subsequent activation of postsynaptic glutamate and adenosine receptors in the striatum is required. Thus, these results uncover an unappreciated role of presynaptic D2 heteroreceptors and support a prominent role of glutamate in the effect of D2 antagonists.
- PublicationAccès libreMécanismes moléculaires et cellulaires impliqués dans l'induction des nurs par les agents antipsychotiques(2007) Maheux, Jérôme; Lévesque, Daniel
- PublicationAccès libreModulation of haloperidol-induced patterns of the transcription factor Nur77 and Nor-1 expression by serotonergic and adrenergic drugs in the mouse brain(Oxford Academic, 2012-05-01) Maheux, Jérôme; Vuillier, Laura; Lévesque, Daniel; Mahfouz, Mylène; Rouillard, ClaudeDifferent patterns of expression of the transcription factors of Nur77 and Nor-1 are induced following acute administration of typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs. The pharmacological profile of atypical antipsychotics suggests that serotonergic and/or adrenergic receptors might contribute to these reported differences. In order to test this possibility, we examined the abilities of serotonin 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A/2C, and α1- and α2-adrenergic receptor drugs to modify the pattern of Nur77 (NR4A1) and Nor-1 (NR4A3) mRNA expression induced by haloperidol. Various groups of mice were treated with either saline, DOI, a 5-HT2A/2C agonist, MDL11939, a 5-HT2A antagonist, 8-OH-DPAT, a 5-HT1A agonist, prazosin, an α1-adrenergic antagonist and idazoxan, an α2-adrenergic antagonist, alone or in combination with haloperidol. The 5-HT2A/2C agonist DOI alone significantly increased Nur77 expression in the medial striatum and nucleus accumbens. DOI reduced Nor-1 expression, while MDL11939 increased the expression of this transcript in the cortex. Prazosin reduced Nur77 expression in the dorsal striatum and nucleus accumbens. Interestingly, 8-OH-DPAT and MDL11939 partially prevented haloperidol-induced Nur77 up-regulation, while MDL11939 completely abolished Nor-1 expression in the striatum. In addition, MDL11939 decreased haloperidol-induced Nur77 and Nor-1 mRNA levels in the ventral tegmental area. On the contrary, idazoxan (α2 antagonist) consistently potentiated haloperidol-induced Nur77, but not Nor-1 mRNA levels in the striatum, whereas prazosin (α1 antagonist) remained without effect. Taken together, these results show the ability of a 5-HT1A agonist or a 5-HT2A antagonist to reduce haloperidol-induced Nur77 and Nor-1 striatal expression, suggesting that these serotonin receptor subtypes participate in the differential pattern of gene expression induced by typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs.
- PublicationAccès libreInduction patterns of transcription factors of the nur family (nurr1, nur77, and nor-1) by typical and atypical antipsychotics in the mouse brain: implication for their mechanism of action(American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 2004-12-22) Maheux, Jérôme; Lévesque, Daniel; Éthier, Isabelle.; Rouillard, ClaudeMonitoring gene expression has been intensively used to identify neurobiological and neuroanatomical substrates associated with administration of antipsychotic drugs. Transcription factors of the Nur family (Nurr1, Nur77, and Nor-1) are orphan nuclear receptors that have been recently associated with dopamine neurotransmission. Nurr1 is involved in midbrain dopamine neuron development. Nur77 and Nor-1 are expressed in dopaminoceptive areas such as the striatum, nucleus accumbens, and prefrontal cortex. To better understand the relationship between Nur and antipsychotic drug effects, we conducted a comprehensive evaluation of the effect of various typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs on the modulation of Nur mRNA levels. We show that differential patterns of Nur expression can be obtained with typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs. Modulation of Nur77 and Nor-1 mRNA expression by antipsychotics can be used to calculate an index that is predictive of the typical or atypical profile of antipsychotic drugs. Inductions of Nur by anti-psychotic drugs are correlated with dopamine D2 receptor in the striatum and D2 and D3 receptor subtypes in the nucleus accumbens. The 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A/D2 affinity ratio of antipsychotics can also predict these patterns of inductions. In addition to classical gene patterns induced in the striatal complex (striatum, accumbens) and cortex, most antipsychotic drugs tested strongly induced Nur77, Nor-1, and increased Nurr1 mRNA levels in the substantia nigra and ventral tegmental area. These data suggest that typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs might induce in multiple brain regions distinct Nur-dependent transcriptional activities, which may contribute to their pharmacological effects.