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Bergeron, Sébastien

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Université Laval. Département de médecine
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  • Publication
    Usefulness of TEE as the primary imaging technique to guide transcatheter transapical aortic valve implantation
    (American College of Cardiology Foundation, 2011-02-01) Bertrand, Olivier; Lemieux, Jérôme; Dumont, Éric; De Larochellière, Robert; Côté, Mélanie; Villeneuve, Jacques; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bergeron, Sébastien; Bagur, Rodrigo Hernan; Doyle, Daniel; Pibarot, Philippe
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to: 1) determine the usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) as the primary technique to guide transapical (TA) transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI); and 2) to compare TEE with angiography as the primary imaging modality for TA-TAVI guidance. Background: TEE has been routinely used as an adjunct to angiography during TA-TAVI procedures, but very few data exist on the use of TEE as the primary imaging technique guiding TA-TAVI. Methods: One hundred consecutive high-risk patients (mean age 79 ± 9 years, mean logistic EuroSCORE: 25.8 ± 17.6%) who underwent TA-TAVI in our center were included. The Edwards valve was used in all cases, and all procedures were performed in an operating room without hybrid facilities. The TA-TAVI was primarily guided by angiography in the first 25 patients (A-TAVI group) and by TEE in the last 75 patients (TEE-TAVI group). Procedural, 30-day, and follow-up results were evaluated. Results: No differences were observed between groups at baseline except for a higher (p = 0.001) prevalence of moderate or severe mitral regurgitation in the TEE-TAVI group. The procedure was successful in 97.3% and 100% of the patients in the TEE-TAVI and A-TAVI groups, respectively (p = 1.0), and a lower contrast volume was used in the TEE-TAVI group (12 [5 to 20] ml vs. 40 [20 to 50] ml, p < 0.0001). There were no differences between groups in the occurrence of valve malposition needing a second valve (TEE-TAVI: 5.3%; A-TAVI: 4%; p = 1.0) or valve embolization (TEE-TAVI: 1.3%; A-TAVI: 4%; p = 0.44). The results regarding post-procedural valve hemodynamic status and aortic regurgitation were similar between groups. The survival rates at 30-day and 1-year follow-up were 87% and 75% in the TEE-group and 88% and 84% in the A-TAVI group, respectively (log-rank = 0.49). Conclusions: TEE-TAVI was associated with similar acute and midterm results as A-TAVI and significantly reduced contrast media use during the procedures. These results suggest the feasibility and safety of performing TA-TAVI procedures in an operating room without hybrid facilities, but larger studies are needed to confirm these findings.
  • Publication
    Electrocardiographic changes and clinical outcomes after transapical aortic valve implantation
    (C. V. Mosby Co., 2009-08-01) Gutiérrez-Marcos, José; Bertrand, Olivier; Lemieux, Jérôme; Dumont, Éric; De Larochellière, Robert; Côté, Mélanie; Villeneuve, Jacques; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bergeron, Sébastien; Bagur, Rodrigo Hernan; Doyle, Daniel; Poirier, Paul; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick
    Background : Transapical aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for the treatment of severe aortic stenosis requires the insertion of a large catheter through the left ventricular apex. However, the electrocardiographic (ECG) changes associated with the incision and repair of the left ventricular apex and the potential damage to the conduction system caused by implanting a balloon-expandable valve in aortic position are not known. The objective of our study was to determine the incidence, type, and timing of ECG changes associated with TAVI. Methods : The standard 12-lead ECGs of 33 consecutive patients (mean age 81 ± 9 years, 13 men) diagnosed with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (valve area 0.62 ± 0.16 cm2) who underwent TAVI with an Edwards-SAPIEN valve were analyzed at baseline (within 24 hours before the procedure), immediately (within 6 hours) after the procedure, at hospital discharge, and at 1-month follow-up. Results : There were no procedural deaths, and 30-day mortality was 6%. The incidence of complete left ventricular branch block (LBBB) and left anterior hemiblock (LAHB) increased from 9% and 3% at baseline to 27% and 36% after the procedure, respectively (P < .03 for both). A lower (ventricular) position of the valve relative to the hinge point of the anterior mitral leaflet was associated with a higher incidence of new LBBB (35% vs 0%, P = .029); and a greater valve size–aortic annulus ratio, with the occurrence of new LAHB (1.20 ± 0.07 vs 1.14 ± 0.06, P = .021). At 1-month follow-up, the rate of LBBB and LAHB decreased to 13% and 10%, respectively (P = not significant compared with baseline). There were no cases of new atrioventricular block, and no patient needed pacemaker implantation. Transient (<48 hours) ST-elevation changes, mostly in the anterior and/or lateral leads, occurred in 6 patients (18%) immediately after the procedure; but only 1 of these patients presented new Q waves at 1-month follow-up. Conclusions : Transapical aortic valve implantation was associated with a significant but transient (<1 month) increase in LBBB and LAHB, with no patient requiring pacemaker implantation. These changes were partially related to both lower (more ventricular) valve positioning and greater valve oversizing. Transient (<48 hours) ST-segment elevation changes occurred in about one fifth of the patients after the procedure, but only a minority developed new Q waves in the ECG.
  • Publication
    Unidirectional left-to-right interatrial shunting for treatment of patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction : a safety and proof-of-principle cohort study
    (Elsevier, 2016-03-26) Campelo-Parada, Francisco; Abdul-Jawad Altisent, Omar; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bergeron, Sébastien; Amat Santos, Ignacio J.; Del Trigo, Maria; Bernier, Mathieu; Pibarot, Philippe; Eigler, Neal; Puri, Rishi; Rozenfeld, Erez; Regueiro, Ander; Abraham, William T.
    Background: In patients with heart failure, interventions to reduce elevated left atrial pressure improve symptoms and reduce the risk of hospital admission. We aimed to assess the safety and potential efficacy of therapeutic left-to-right interatrial shunting in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Methods: We did this proof-of-principle cohort study at one centre in Canada. Patients (aged =18 years) with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction were enrolled under the Canadian special access programme. Shunt implants were done after transseptal catheterisation with transoesophageal echocardiographic guidance under general anaesthesia. Patients had clinical and echocardiography evaluations at baseline and months 1 and 3 after shunt implantation. Findings: Between Oct 10, 2013, and March 27, 2015, we enrolled ten patients. The device was successfully implanted in all patients; no device-related or procedural adverse events occurred during follow-up. Transoesophageal echocardiography at 1 month showed that all shunts were patent, with no thrombosis or migration. From baseline to 3 month follow-up, we recorded improvements in NYHA classification (from class III to class II in seven [78%] of nine patients, from class III to class I in one [11%] patient, and no change in one [11%] patient; p=0·0004); quality of life, as assessed by the Duke Activity Status Index (from a mean score of 13 [SD 6·2] to 24·8 [12·9]; p=0·016) and the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (from a mean score of 44·3 [SD 9·8] to 79·1 [13·0]; p=0·0001); and 6 min walk test distance (from a mean of 244 m [SD 112] to 318 m [134]; p=0·016). Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure was reduced from a mean of 23 mm Hg (SD 5) at baseline to 17 mm Hg (8) at 3 months (p=0·035), with no changes in right atrial pressure, pulmonary arterial pressure, or pulmonary resistance. No patient was admitted to hospital for worsening heart failure. One (10%) patient was admitted to hospital with gastrointestinal bleeding at month 1; one (10%) patient died after incessant ventricular tachycardia storm, which led to terminal heart failure 2 months post-procedure. Interpretation: This first-in-man experience with an implanted left-to-right interatrial shunt demonstrates initial safety and early beneficial clinical and haemodynamic outcomes in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Further large-scale randomised studies are warranted.
  • Publication
    Left atrial decompression using unidirectional left-to-right interatrial shunt : initial experience in treating symptomatic heart failure with preserved ejection fraction with the W-Wave device
    (American College of Cardiology, 2015-05-01) Campelo-Parada, Francisco; Abdul-Jawad Altisent, Omar; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bergeron, Sébastien; Amat Santos, Ignacio J.; Del Trigo, Maria; Bernier, Mathieu; Verheye, Stefan; Pibarot, Philippe; Keren, Gad; Puri, Rishi; Katzenellenbogen, Rotem; Rozenfeld, Erez; Abraham, William T.
  • Publication
    Clinical impact of aortic regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve replacement : insights into the degree and acuteness of presentation
    (Elsevier, 2014-09-01) Dumont, Éric; Nombela-Franco, Luis; Webb, John G. (John Graydon); Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Tamburino, Corrado; Bergeron, Sébastien; Muñoz, Antonio; Amat Santos, Ignacio J.; Cheema, Asim; Urena Alcazar, Marina; Dager, Antonio; Pibarot, Philippe; Serra, Vicenç; Ribeiro, Henrique B.; Jerez-Valero, Miguel; Barbanti, Marco; Immè, Sebastiano; Alonso-Briales, Juan H.; Al Lawati, Hatim; Benitez, Luis Miguel; Cucalon, Angela Maria; García del Blanco, Bruno; Revilla, Ana
    OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the degree of residual aortic regurgitation (AR) and acuteness of presentation of AR after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) on outcomes. BACKGROUND: The degree of residual AR after TAVR leading to excess mortality remains controversial, and little evidence exists on the impact of the acuteness of presentation of AR. METHODS: A total of 1,735 patients undergoing TAVR with balloon-expandable or self-expanding valves were included. The presence and degree of AR were evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography; acute AR was defined as an increase in AR severity of =1 degree compared with pre-procedural echocardiography. RESULTS: Residual AR was classified as mild in 761 patients (43.9%) and moderate to severe in 247 patients (14.2%). The presence of moderate to severe AR was an independent predictor of mortality at a mean follow-up of 21 ± 17 months compared with none to trace (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.81, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.32 to 2.48; p < 0.001) and mild AR (adjusted HR: 1.68, 95% CI: 1.27 to 2.24; p < 0.001) groups. There was no increased risk in patients with mild AR compared with those with none to trace AR (p = 0.393). In patients with moderate to severe AR, acute AR was observed in 161 patients (65%) and chronic AR in 86 patients (35%). Acute moderate to severe AR was independently associated with increased risk of mortality compared with none/trace/mild AR (adjusted HR: 2.37, 95% CI: 1.53 to 3.66; p < 0.001) and chronic moderate to severe AR (adjusted HR: 2.24, 95% CI: 1.17 to 4.30; p = 0.015) [corrected]. No differences in survival rate were observed between patients with chronic moderate to severe and none/trace/mild AR (p > 0.50). CONCLUSIONS: AR occurred very frequently after TAVR, but an increased risk of mortality at ~2-year follow-up was observed only in patients with acute moderate to severe AR.
  • Publication
    Comparison of hemodynamic performance of the balloon-expandable SAPIEN 3 Versus SAPIEN XT transcatheter valve
    (American College of Cardiology, 2014-07-17) Dahou, Abdellaziz; Dumont, Éric; Webb, John G. (John Graydon); Larose, Éric; Dvir, Danny; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bergeron, Sébastien; Paradis, Jean-Michel; Amat Santos, Ignacio J.; Pasian, Sergio; Bilodeau, Sylvie; Urena Alcazar, Marina; Pibarot, Philippe; Thompson, Christopher R.; Dumesnil, Jean G.; Allende, Ricardo; Ribeiro, Henrique B.; Leipsic, Jonathon; De Larochellière, Robert
    The SAPIEN 3 valve (S3V) is a new-generation transcatheter valve with enhanced anti-paravalvular leak properties, but no data comparing with earlier transcatheter valve systems are available. We aimed to compare the hemodynamic performance of the S3V and the SAPIEN XT valve (SXTV) in a case-matched study with echo core laboratory analysis. A total of 27 patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with the S3V were matched for prosthesis size (26 mm), aortic annulus area, and mean diameter measured by computed tomography, left ventricular ejection fraction, body surface area, and body mass index with 50 patients treated with the SXTV. The prosthesis size was determined by oversizing of 1% to 15% of annulus area. Doppler echocardiographic images collected at baseline and 1-month follow-up were analyzed in a central echocardiography core laboratory. The need for postdilation was higher in the SXTV group (20% vs 4%, p=0.047), and mean residual gradient and effective orifice area were similar in both groups (p>0.05). The incidence of paravalvular aortic regurgitation was greater with the SXTV (≥mild: 42%, moderate: 8%) than with the S3V (≥mild: 7%, moderate: 0%; p=0.002 for ≥mild vs SXTV). The implantation of an S3V was the only factor associated with trace or no paravalvular leak after TAVR (p=0.007). In conclusion, TAVR with the S3V was associated with a very low rate of paravalvular leaks and need for balloon postdilation, much lower than that observed with the earlier generation of balloon-expandable valve (SXTV). The confirmation of these results in a larger cohort of patients will represent a major step forward in using transcatheter valves for the treatment of aortic stenosis.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Left atrial decompression through unidirectional left-to-right interatrial shunt for the treatment of left heart failure : first-inman experience with the V-Wave device
    (Europa Ed., 2015-01-01) Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bergeron, Sébastien; Amat Santos, Ignacio J.; Bernier, Mathieu; Urena Alcazar, Marina; Pibarot, Philippe; Allende, Ricardo; Verheye, Stefan; Ribeiro, Henrique B.; Keren, Gad; Yaacoby, Menashe; Nitzan, Yaacov; Abraham, William T.
    Aims: Elevated filling pressures of the left atrium (LA) are associated with poorer outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure. The V-Wave is a new percutaneously implanted device intended to decrease the LA pressure by the shunting of blood from the LA to the right atrium. This report describes the first-in-man experience with the V-Wave device. Methods and results: A 70-year-old man with a history of heart failure of ischaemic origin, left ventricular dysfunction (LVEF: 35%, pulmonary wedge: 19 mmHg), no right heart dysfunction, NYHA Class III and orthopnoea despite optimal treatment, was accepted for V-Wave device implantation. The device consists of an ePTFE encapsulated nitinol frame that is implanted at the level of the interatrial septum and contains a trileaflet pericardium tissue valve sutured inside which allows a unidirectional LA to right atrium shunt. The procedure was performed through a transfemoral venous approach under fluoroscopic and TEE guidance. The device was successfully implanted and the patient was discharged 24 hours after the procedure with no complications. At three-month follow-up a left-to-right shunt through the device was confirmed by TEE. The patient was in NYHA Class II, without orthopnoea, the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy index was 77.6 (from 39.1 at baseline) and NT-proBNP was 322 ng/mL (from 502 ng/mL at baseline). The QP/QS was 1.17 and the pulmonary wedge was 8 mmHg, with no changes in pulmonary pressure or right ventricular function. Conclusions: Left atrial decompression through a unidirectional left-to-right interatrial shunt represents a new concept for the treatment of patients with left ventricular failure. The present report shows the feasibility of applying this new therapy with the successful and uneventful implantation of the V-Wave device, which was associated with significant improvement in functional, quality of life and haemodynamic parameters at 90 days.
  • Publication
    Significant mitral regurgitation left untreated at the time of aortic valve replacement : a comprehensive review of a frequent entity in the transcatheter aortic valve replacement era.
    (Elsevier Biomedical, 2014-06-24) DeLarochellière, Hugo; Laflamme, Louis; Dumont, Éric; Côté, Mélanie; Nombela-Franco, Luis; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bergeron, Sébastien; Amat Santos, Ignacio J.; Beaudoin, Jonathan; Laflamme, Jérôme; García, Eulogio; Doyle, Daniel; Macaya, Carlos; Urena Alcazar, Marina; Jiménez-Quevedo, Pilar; Pibarot, Philippe; Allende, Ricardo; Ribeiro, Henrique B.; De Larochellière, Robert
    Significant mitral regurgitation (MR) is frequent in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). In these cases, concomitant mitral valve repair or replacement is usually performed at the time of surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has recently been considered as an alternative for patients at high or prohibitive surgical risk. However, concomitant significant MR in this setting is typically left untreated. Moderate to severe MR after aortic valve replacement is therefore a relevant entity in the TAVR era. The purpose of this review is to present the current knowledge on the clinical impact and post-procedural evolution of concomitant significant MR in patients with severe AS who have undergone aortic valve replacement (SAVR and TAVR). This information could contribute to improving both the clinical decision-making process in and management of this challenging group of patients.
  • Publication
    A simple Doppler echocardiography method to evaluate pulmonary capillary wedge pressure in patients with atrial fibrillation
    (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2007-08-22) O'Connor, Kim; Deblois, Jonathan; Sénéchal, Mario; Magne, Julien; Bergeron, Sébastien; Poirier, Paul; Pibarot, Philippe; Dumesnil, Jean G.
    OBJECTIVE: The accuracy of E/E' ratio has not been validated in atrial fibrillation (AF). The objective of this study is to compare the accuracy of the E/E' ratio averaged over a sample of 10 cardiac cycles and E/E' ratio obtained in the cycle with the longest RR interval for the estimation of wedge pressure in patients with AF using a simultaneous pulmonary artery occlusive pressure measured with a Swan-Ganz catheter. DESIGN: Twenty-four consecutive patients with AF with a Swan-Ganz catheter were recruited in this study. The majority of patients (92%) were in the early postoperative phase of cardiac surgery. RESULTS: The best sensitivity and specificity was reached with E/E' ratio in the medial position using the one-beat method; E/E' ratio > or = 16 with one beat predicts a wedge pressure >15 mmHg with a sensitivity and specificity of 91% and 85%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Measuring E/E' ratio using the one-beat method is a simple and clinically accurate way to estimate wedge pressure in patients with AF.
  • Publication
    Impact of bariatric surgery on N-terminal fragment of the prohormone brain natriuretic peptide and left ventricular diastolic function
    (Elsevier, 2013-08-01) Bertrand, Fernand; Biertho, Laurent; Bergeron, Sébastien; Lescelleur, Odette; Poirier, Paul; Martin, Julie; Pibarot, Philippe; Simard, Serge; Bastien, Marjorie
    Background : Obesity is often associated with left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (DD). Elevated N-terminal fragment of the prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is considered a biomarker of LV dysfunction. Weight loss induced by bariatric surgery may improve LV DD, but conflicting results regarding NT-proBNP levels have been reported. Our objective was to determine the impact of bariatric surgery–induced weight loss on NT-proBNP levels and LV DD. Methods : Seventy (70) patients were evaluated before and 6 and 12 months following a biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS), and 33 subjects were followed as controls at baseline and 6 and 12 months later. Blood was collected for NT-proBNP measurement, and LV diastolic function was assessed with echocardiography. Results : Among the 103 severely obese patients, 82% presented some degree of LV DD. Systolic function was preserved in all subjects. Along with significant weight loss, LV DD significantly improved (P < 0.001) in the BPD-DS group, whereas there was no change in the control group. NT-proBNP levels decreased over time in the control group (P = 0.016) and increased in subjects following BPD-DS (baseline vs 6-month vs 12-month follow-up: 51.8 ± 62.8 vs 132.0 ± 112.9 vs 143.3 ± 120.4 pg/mL; P < 0.001). The most significant associations with changes in NT-proBNP levels were improvements in the metabolic profile. Conclusions : In severely obese patients, NT-proBNP levels decrease with sustained obesity for 1 year. Despite significant improvements in LV DD following bariatric surgery, NT-proBNP levels increase. These results suggest that monitoring NT-proBNP levels following bariatric surgery may be misleading regarding LV DD and symptoms of dyspnea.