Personne : Grondin, Simon
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Université Laval. École de psychologie
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- PublicationAccès libreSex effect in the temporal perception of faces expressing anger and shame(eScholarship, 2015-09-01) Grondin, Simon; Labonté, Katherine; Bienvenue, Philippe; Laflamme, Vincent; Roy, Mei-LiThe aim of the present study was to investigate sex-related variations in the perception of the duration of emotional stimuli (human faces). Twenty male and 20 female participants estimated the duration of angry, ashamed and neutral faces marking 0.4 to 1.6 s intervals. Female faces were used in one session, and male faces in the other. Compared to the angry faces condition, intervals were underestimated when ashamed faces were shown. However, the intervals in neither conditions were significantly overestimated or underestimated compared to the neutral condition. Even more critical is the fact that there was an underestimation by male participants of the duration of male faces compared to female faces; and female participants overestimated the duration in the anger condition, compared with the shame condition, only when male faces were presented. Moreover, the emotional effects on the participants’ performance were correlated to inter-individual differences in empathic abilities. The findings are discussed in terms of sex differences, of social context, and of how attention is solicited and arousal generated by emotions.
- PublicationRestreintEffect on perceived duration and sensitivity to time when observing disgusted faces and disgusting mutilation pictures(Springer Science & Business Media B.V., 2014-05-09) Grondin, Simon; Gontier, Émilie; Laflamme, VincentThe aim of this study was to compare the effect on interval discrimination of the presentation of disgusting mutilation images and the presentation of faces expressing disgust. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants had to say whether the second of two images was presented for a shorter or a longer duration than the first (intervals = 400 ms vs. 482 ms). Although the overall probability of responding “long” was not exactly the same in these two experiments, participants reported that duration was longer more often when disgusting mutilation images were presented than when neutral or disgusted faces were presented. In Experiment 3, in which a single-stimulus method was employed, mutilation images were once again reported to be presented for a longer duration than neutral or disgusted faces. The investigation also reveals that discrimination levels are not higher when mutilation images are presented. It is argued that the effect of mutilation images on perceived duration is not due to attention; it is rather attributed to the increased arousal caused by these images. -- Keywords : Temporal processing, Emotion, Time perception.
- PublicationRestreintAbout the time-shrinking illusion in the tactile modality(Elsevier, 2013-07-25) Grondin, Simon; Hasuo, Emi; Kuroda, TsuyoshiThe aim of this study was to examine the occurrence of a so-called time-shrinking illusion in the tactile modality, while it had been tested so far mainly with auditory and visual stimuli. We examined whether the perception of an empty time interval marked by two brief tactile stimuli, S (240 ms), would be influenced by the presence of a preceding time interval, P (160, 240, or 320 ms). Results showed that S was underestimated when P was shorter than S. This underestimation appeared as a kind of perceptual assimilation between P and S, but S was not overestimated when P was longer. The underestimation was rather interpreted as a manifestation of the time-shrinking illusion.
- PublicationRestreintDiscrimination of two neighboring intra- and intermodal empty time intervals marked by three successive stimuli(Elsevier, 2013-12-21) Grondin, Simon; Hasuo, Emi; Labonté, Katherine; Laflamme, Vincent; Kuroda, TsuyoshiWe investigated the discrimination of two neighboring intra- or inter-modal empty time intervals marked by three successive stimuli. Each of the three markers was a flash (visual—V) or a sound (auditory—A). The first and last markers were of the same modality, while the second one was either A or V, resulting in four conditions: VVV, VAV, AVA and AAA. Participants judged whether the second interval, whose duration was systematically varied, was shorter or longer than the 500-ms first interval. Compared with VVV and AAA, discrimination was impaired with VAV, but not so much with AVA (in Experiment 1). Whereas VAV and AVA consisted of the same set of single intermodal intervals (VA and AV), discrimination was impaired in the VAV compared to the AVA condition. This difference between VAV and AVA could not be attributed to the participants' strategy to perform the discrimination task, e.g., ignoring the standard interval or replacing the visual stimuli with sounds in their mind (in Experiment 2). These results are discussed in terms of sequential grouping according to sensory similarity.