Personne : Grondin, Simon
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Université Laval. École de psychologie
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- PublicationRestreintFaster is briefer : the symbolic meaning of speed influences time perception(Springer, 2015-03-05) Grondin, Simon; Zakay, Dan; Mioni, GiovannaThe present study investigates how the symbolic meaning of the stimuli presented for marking time intervals affects perceived duration. Participants were engaged in a time bisection task in which they were first trained with two standard durations, 400 ms and 1600 ms, and then asked to judge if the following temporal intervals were closer to the short or to the long standard. Stimuli were images of vehicles representing speed, with a motorbike representing fastness and a bicycle representing slowness. Results showed that presenting images with different speed meanings affects time perception: an image representing a fast object, the motorbike, leads to shorter perceived time than presenting an image representing a slower object, the bicycle. This finding is attributed to an impact on the memory mechanism involved in the processing of temporal information. Keywords : Symbolic meaning of speed. Time perception. Bisection task.
- PublicationRestreintDifferent methods for reproducing time, different results(Springer, 2014-01-28) Grondin, Simon; Stablum, Franca; Mioni, Giovanna; McClintock, Shawn M.One of the most widely used tasks for investigating psychological time, time reproduction, requires from participants the reproduction of the duration of a previously presented stimulus. Although prior studies have investigated the effects of different cognitive processes on time reproduction performance, no studies have looked into the effects of different reproduction methods on these performances. In the present study, participants were randomly assigned to one of three reproduction methods, which included (a) just pressing at the end of the interval, (b) pressing to start and stop the interval, and (c) maintaining continuous pressing during the interval. The study revealed that the three reproduction methods were not equivalent, with the method involving keypresses to start and stop the reproduction showing the highest accuracy, and the method of continuous press generating less variability.
- PublicationAccès libreInterval discrimination across different duration ranges with a look at spatial compatibility and context effects(U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2014-07-08) Mioni, Giovanna; Grondin, Simon; Stablum, FrancaIn the present study, a time discrimination task was used to investigate the effect of different contexts for intervals varying from 400 to 1600 ms. A potential time-space interaction was controlled, and participants used both manual responses (Experiments 1 and 2) and vocal responses (Experiment 3). Three ranges of durations were employed (short, middle and long), and within each range condition, three standard values were used (400, 700, and 1000 ms; 700, 1000, and 1300 ms; and 1000, 1300, and 1600 ms). Within each range, standard intervals were randomized (Experiments 1 and 3) or remained constant (Experiment 2) within a block of trials. Our results suggest that context influences time discrimination performances only when the temporal range under investigation is below 1300 ms and the temporal intervals varied within blocks. In the case of temporal intervals longer than 1300 ms, participants presented a tendency to respond “long” independently of the procedure used. Moreover, our results suggested that performances in a discrimination task are mainly influenced by the fact of varying standard durations within blocks, and not much by the time-space compatibility.
- PublicationRestreintDo not count too slowly : evidence for a temporal limitation in short-term memory(Springer Science & Business Media B.V., 2014-10-08) Grondin, Simon; Laflamme, Vincent; Mioni, GiovannaSome data in the time perception literature have indicated that Weber’s law for time does not hold: The Weber fraction gets higher with longer intervals. It is posited that this increase may reflect a fundamental information-processing limitation. If that is true, counting at a pace at which the intervals between counts remain within this capacity limitation should be more accurate than counting with intervals exceeding this capacity. In a task in which participants had to count up to a target number for a series of trials, the variability of the durations covered for reaching the target was higher when the intercount interval lasted 1,600 ms than when it lasted 800 ms. This finding provides evidence pointing toward the existence of a fundamental temporal limitation for processing information efficiently.
- PublicationAccès libreTemporal dysfunction in traumatic brain injury patients : primary or secondary impairment?(Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), 2014-04-30) Mioni, Giovanna; Grondin, Simon; Stablum, FrancaAdequate temporal abilities are required for most daily activities. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients often present with cognitive dysfunctions, but few studies have investigated temporal impairments associated with TBI. The aim of the present work is to review the existing literature on temporal abilities in TBI patients. Particular attention is given to the involvement of higher cognitive processes in temporal processing in order to determine if any temporal dysfunction observed in TBI patients is due to the disruption of an internal clock or to the dysfunction of general cognitive processes. The results showed that temporal dysfunctions in TBI patients are related to the deficits in cognitive functions involved in temporal processing rather than to a specific impairment of the internal clock. In fact, temporal dysfunctions are observed when the length of temporal intervals exceeds the working memory span or when the temporal tasks require high cognitive functions to be performed. The consistent higher temporal variability observed in TBI patients is a sign of impaired frontally mediated cognitive functions involved in time perception. -- Keywords : traumatic brain injury, time perception, time reproduction, time production, time discrimination, executive functions