Personne :
Hynes, Alexander

En cours de chargement...
Photo de profil
Adresse électronique
Date de naissance
Projets de recherche
Structures organisationnelles
Nom de famille
Université Laval. Département de biochimie, de microbiologie et de bio-informatique
Identifiant Canadiana

Résultats de recherche

Voici les éléments 1 - 2 sur 2
  • PublicationRestreint
    CRISPR-Cas systems : making the cut
    (American Society for Microbiology, 2014-05-01) Moineau, Sylvain; Hynes, Alexander
  • PublicationAccès libre
    Adaptation in bacterial CRISPR-Cas immunity can be driven by defective phages
    (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-07-24) Moineau, Sylvain; Hynes, Alexander; Villion, Manuela
    Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPRs) and their associated cas genes serve as a prokaryotic ‘adaptive’ immune system, protecting against foreign DNA elements such as bacteriophages. CRISPR-Cas systems function by incorporating short DNA ‘spacers’, homologous to invading DNA sequences, into a CRISPR array (adaptation). The array is then transcribed and matured into RNA molecules (maturation) that target homologous DNA for cleavage (interference). It is unclear how these three stages could occur quickly enough in a naive phage-infected cell to interfere with phage replication before this cell would be irrevocably damaged by the infection. Here we demonstrate that cells can acquire spacers from defective phages at a rate directly proportional to the quantity of replication-deficient phages to which the cells are exposed. This process is reminiscent of immunization in humans by vaccination with inactivated viruses.