Personne :
Gallant, Annette

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Département d'éducation physique, Faculté des sciences de l'éducation, Université Laval
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Voici les éléments 1 - 10 sur 18
  • Publication
    Short sleep duration is associated with a lower mean satiety quotient in overweight and obese men
    (J. Libbey, 2013-10-16) Drapeau, Vicky; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Gallant, Annette; McNeil, Jeremy Nichol; Doucet, Éric; Tremblay, Angelo
    We examined satiety quotient (SQ) and energy intake (EI) according to sleep duration, quality and timing. Seventy-five overweight/obese men (age: 41.1±5.8 years; body mass index: 33.6±2.9 kg/m2) completed visual analogue scales for appetite sensations before, immediately after and every 10 minutes for 1 hour following a standardized breakfast. The mean SQ (primary outcome of the study) was calculated from four appetite sensations. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index identified short-duration (<7 h/night) and ‘recommended sleep duration’ (greater than or equal to7 h/night) sleepers, poor (score greater than or equal to5)- and good (score <5)-quality sleepers and late (midpoint of sleep >0230 hours) and early (midpoint of sleep less than or equal to0230 hours) sleepers. A 3-day food record and buffet-style meal assessed the EI. Short-duration sleepers had a lower mean SQ compared with recommended sleep duration sleepers (6.5±4.9 vs 8.8±4.3 mm/100 kcal; P=0.04). The mean SQ between poor and good (6.9±4.6 vs 8.7±4.6 mm/100 kcal; P=0.11) and that between early and late (8.99±5.10 vs 9.32±4.02 mm/100 kcal; P=0.78) sleepers were not significantly different. EI did not differ between the sleep groups. Thus, short-duration sleepers had a lower mean SQ compared with recommended sleep duration sleepers. However, this did not coincide with an increased EI.
  • Publication
    Night eating symptoms and two-year weight change in parents enrolled in the QUALITY cohort
    (2015-01-01) Drapeau, Vicky; Gallant, Annette; Lundgren, Jennifer D.; Tremblay, Angelo; O'Loughlin, Jennifer; Bain, Allison; LeBlanc, Mélanie
    Background/Objective: The timing of food intake may be implicated in weight gain. This study tested the hypothesis that symptoms commonly associated with night-eating syndrome are related to measures of weight gain in adults. Subjects/Methods: Parents participating in QUALITY (Québec Adipose and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth) completed the night eating questionnaire (NEQ) at baseline (2005–2008) and at follow-up (2008–2010). Height and weight were measured and self-report questionnaire data were available for 388 parents (59% female, mean (s.d.) age: 41.8±5.7, mean (s.d.) body mass index (BMI): 29.6±5.7). Linear regression models were used to test the associations between baseline night-eating symptoms (NEQ scores, night-eating behaviours) and percent change in each of BMI and waist circumference (WC). Results: A high NEQ score predicted a small increase in percent change in BMI in nonobese parents but a decrease among those who were severely obese. Nocturnal ingestions of food predicted an increase in percent change in BMI; however, the effect size was small. Morning anorexia predicted an increase in percent change in WC. Conclusion: Certain night-eating symptoms may predict measures of weight gain in adults but the effects seem small and the findings need to be confirmed in more symptomatic samples.
  • Publication
    Parental eating behavior traits are related to offspring BMI in the Québec Family Study
    (Newman Pub., 2013-02-12) Drapeau, Vicky; Bouchard, Claude; Gallant, Annette; Pérusse, Louis; Tremblay, Angelo; Després, Jean-Pierre
    Objective: Parental eating behavior traits have been shown to be related to the adiposity of their young children. It is unknown whether this relationship persists in older offspring or whether rigid or flexible control are involved. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that parental eating behavior traits, as measured by the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), are related to offspring body weight. Methods: Cross-sectional anthropometric and TFEQ data from phase 2 and 3 of the Québec Family Study generated 192 parent–offspring dyads (offspring age range: 10–37 years). Relationships were adjusted for offspring age, sex and reported physical activity, number of offspring per family and parent body mass index (BMI). Results: In all parent–offspring dyads, parental rigid control and disinhibition scores were positively related to offspring BMI (r=0.17, P=0.02; r=0.18, P<0.01, respectively). There were no significant relationships between cognitive restraint (P=0.75) or flexible control (P=0.06) with offspring BMI. Regression models revealed that parent disinhibition mediated the relationship between parent and offspring BMI, whereas rigid control of the parent moderated this relationship. The interaction effect between parental rigid control and disinhibition was a significant predictor of offspring BMI (β=0.13, P=0.05). Conclusion: Family environmental factors, such as parental eating behavior traits, are related to BMI of older offspring, and should be a focus in the prevention of obesity transmission within families.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    The three-factor eating questionnaire and BMI in adolescents : results from the Quebec Family Study
    (Cambridge, 2010-05-07) Drapeau, Vicky; Bouchard, Claude; Gallant, Annette; Pérusse, Louis; Tremblay, Angelo; Després, Jean-Pierre
    Eating behaviour traits are associated with body weight variations in adults. The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) measures cognitive restraint, disinhibition and hunger, as well as their corresponding subscales, e.g. rigid and flexible control. The TFEQ has not been widely used in adolescents to investigate eating behaviour traits associated with body weight. The aim of the present study was to assess whether eating behaviour traits were associated with BMI in male and female adolescents. Sixty adolescents (thirty females and thirty males; mean age 15·0 (sd 2·4) years) from the Québec Family Study completed the TFEQ and 3 d dietary records. There were no sex differences in the TFEQ scores. Rigid control, disinhibition and emotional susceptibility (to overeat) were positively related to BMI z-scores for the entire sample (r 0·3, P < 0·05). There was a positive relationship between BMI z-scores and rigid control (r 0·39, P < 0·05) in females, while BMI z-scores were positively related to emotional susceptibility (r 0·42, P < 0·02) and disinhibition (r 0·41, P < 0·03) in males. Adolescents characterised by both high disinhibition and high rigid control had significantly higher BMI z-scores than those by both low disinhibition and low rigid control. There were no significant differences in BMI z-scores between the flexible control categories. Dietary macronutrient content was not consistently related to eating behaviour traits. These results show that the eating behaviour traits of disinhibition and rigid control are independently related to BMI z-scores in this group of adolescents.
  • Publication
    Behavioural and metabolic characterisation of the low satiety phenotype
    (Academic Press, 2013-06-20) Drapeau, Vicky; Blundell, J. E.; Gallant, Annette; Lamarche, Benoît; Tremblay, Angelo; Arguin, Hélène; Després, Jean-Pierre
    Some individuals report weak appetite sensations and thus, have higher susceptibility to overeating. The aim of this study was (1) to evaluate the reliability of the satiety quotient (SQ), a marker of satiety efficiency; (2) to characterize the biopsychobehavioural profiles of individual presenting low satiety efficiency, i.e. the low satiety phenotype and (3) to document the impact of a weight loss program on these profiles. Sixty-nine obese men (BMI 33.6±3.0 kg/m², age 41.5±5.7 years) participated in a 16-week, non-restrictive weight loss intervention. Visual analog scales for appetite sensations in response to a test-meal were completed twice at baseline. Blood samples were collected before and during one test-meal. Questionnaires were administered before and after the intervention. The mean SQ showed good reliability (ICC=0.67). Baseline SQ scores tended to be negatively correlated with external hunger, anxiety and night eating symptoms (p<0.10). Moreover, the low satiety phenotype showed a lower cortisol response to the test-meal (p<0.05). The SQ seems to be a reliable marker of weaker appetite sensation responses. Stress/anxiety could be involved in the low satiety phenotype but did not influence the biopsychobehavioural changes in response to the intervention.
  • Publication
    Prevalence and familial patterns of night eating in the Québec adipose and lifestyle investigation in youth (QUALITY) study
    (NAASO, the Obesity Society, 2012-03-19) Lundgren, Jennifer D.; Drapeau, Vicky; Gallant, Annette; Allison, Kelly C.; Pérusse, Louis; Tremblay, Angelo; Lemieux, Simone; Lambert, Marie; O’Loughlin, Jennifer; Stunkard, Albert J.
    The prevalence and familial patterns of night eating syndrome (NES) in families enrolled in the Québec Adipose and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth (QUALITY) study was examined. Families (n = 395; one child, mother, and father for whom at least one parent was obese or had abdominal obesity) completed the Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ) as part of a longitudinal study on the development of metabolic disease in children at risk for obesity. Responses on the NEQ were used to establish a diagnosis of NES and to determine the correlation and heritability of NES symptoms in families. Using comprehensive research diagnostic criteria, full threshold NES was rare: 0% of children, 0.5% of mothers, and 0.3% of fathers met criteria. When controlling for age, sex, and BMI, NEQ scores of spouses were not significantly correlated, but mothers' NEQ scores were significantly correlated with the scores of both sons (r = 0.19, P < 0.001) and daughters (r = 0.15, P = 0.05). The heritability of NEQ scores was 0.24 when controlling for age, sex, and BMI. These findings replicate previous research suggesting a low prevalence of night eating behavior in children and the aggregation of NES in families.
  • Publication
    Validity of the night eating questionnaire in children
    (Van Nostrand Reinhold, 2012-02-20) Drapeau, Vicky; Lundgren, Jennifer D.; Gallant, Annette; Allison, Kelly C.; Tremblay, Angelo; Stunkard, Albert J.; Lemieux, Simone; Lambert, Marie; O’Loughlin, Jennifer
    Objective: To measure the construct validity of the Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ) in children against a parent report of child night eating syndrome (NES) symptoms (NEQ report) and a 3-day dietary recall. Method: NEQ of 304 children from the QUALITY (QUébec Adipose and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth) cohort were compared to a parent report and 3-day dietary recall. Results: Child NEQ scores were related to the parent NEQ report (ρ = 0.30 p < 0.0001) yet there were inconsistencies between responses concerning sleep troubles. Total child NEQ scores, but not parent NEQ report scores, were associated with dietary manifestations of NES such as increased evening (ρ = 0.20, p < .001) and reduced morning intake (ρ= −0.12, p < .05). Discussion: The NEQ score is related to eating patterns of NES in children and is more informative than a parent report, specifically when used in conjunction with dietary recall.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Régulation de la prise alimentaire consécutive à un travail mental exigeant
    (University of Toronto Press, 2017-01-01) Pérusse-Lachance, Émilie; Drapeau, Vicky; Dupont, Mariève; Gallant, Annette; Sénécal, Caroline; Tremblay, Angelo
    Knowledge-based work has been identified as a potential factor that might accentuate positive energy balance and weight gain. The reasons explaining this relationship and the gender differences previously observed are still unknown. To investigate the relationships between mental effort, cognitive restraint and motivation based on the Strength Model of Self-Regulation, in order to predict eating regulation following a demanding mental work. The protocol consists of a randomized crossover design including 3 conditions (knowledge-based work, exercise and control) followed by an ad libitum buffet measuring eating regulation. Mental effort is measured by the average reaction time (RT) to a second mental task. Questionnaires were administrated at baseline to evaluate global motivation and eating behaviour traits. Cognitive restraint, motivation and mental effort variables do not significantly moderate the relationship between experimental conditions and eating regulation. Controlled form of motivation is significantly correlated with flexible restraint, r = .3, p = .04, rigid restraint, r = .4, p = .03 and disinhibition, r = .3, p = .047. Controlled motivational variable is associated to behaviour traits likely to impair adequate eating regulation, but these associations do not seem to moderate acute food intake regulation following knowledge-based work. Knowledge-based work and flexible cognitive restraint independently increase mental effort, having the potential to weaken self-regulation.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Characteristics of individuals who report present and past weight loss behaviours: results from a Canadian university community
    (Editrice Kurtis, 2013-08-14) Pérusse-Lachance, Émilie; Drapeau, Vicky; Gallant, Annette; Bégin, Catherine; Provencher, Véronique
    Purpose To characterise individuals who reported present and past weight loss behaviours on psycho-behavioural factors known to influence body weight, e.g. overeating, dietary restriction. Methods An online questionnaire was distributed to a university community. Questions pertaining to present weight loss, previous weight loss, eating behaviour tendencies, perceived stress and sleep quality were answered by 3,069 individuals. Body weight and height were self-reported. Results Present and past weight loss behaviours were prevalent in the sample, with 33.3 % of the participants who reported trying to lose weight, 33.1 % who reported having previously lost weight (>10 lbs), and 18.8 % who reported repeated weight loss behaviour (i.e. present and past weight loss behaviours). Trying to lose weight and previous weight loss were both independently associated with increased risk for psycho-behavioural characteristics known to be associated with obesity, e.g. overeating tendencies, perceived stress, short sleep duration. This risk was particularly elevated among the underweight/normal-weight individuals who reported repeated weight loss behaviours. Indeed, adjusted odds ratios for reporting restrictive and overeating tendencies, perceived stress and short sleep for these individuals were significantly higher compared to their underweight/normal-weight peers who did not report repeated weight loss behaviours (adjusted odds ratios 4.7, 2.7, 1.8, and 1.8, respectively, p < 0.01 to <0.0001). Conclusions Normal-weight individuals reporting weight loss behaviours are characterised by a psycho-behaviour profile which may further increase their risk of weight gain.
  • Publication
    The effectiveness of a school-based nutrition intervention on children’s fruit, vegetables, and dairy product intake
    (American School Health Association, 2016-04-03) Drapeau, Vicky; Gallant, Annette; Savard, Mathieu; Gagnon, Jocelyn; Nadeau, Luc
    BACKGROUND : Most Canadian children do not meet daily recommendations for consumption of vegetables and fruits (V/F) and dairy products (DP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of Team Nutriathlon on V/F and DP consumption of children. METHODS : Participants were 404 children from grades 5 and 6 (intervention group [IG] N = 242, control group [CG] N = 162). Teams of children were guided to increase their consumption and variety of V/F and DP over an 8-week period. Daily servings of V/F and DP were compared between groups at 4 time points: baseline (week 0), during (week 6), immediately after (week 9 or 10), and a follow-up 10 weeks after (week 20) the intervention. RESULTS : During and after the program and at follow-up, children in the IG consumed more servings of V/F and DP compared to the CG (group × time, p < .0001). Sex, baseline consumption levels, and school socioeconomic status did not influence the results (p > .05). CONCLUSIONS : Team Nutriathlon is an innovative school-based nutrition program that can help to increase the V/F and DP consumption of children.