Personne :
Denault, Anne-Sophie

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Projets de recherche
Structures organisationnelles
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Université Laval. Département des fondements et pratiques en éducation
Identifiant Canadiana

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Voici les éléments 1 - 10 sur 10
  • PublicationRestreint
    Sports participation patterns throughout high school and their antecedents
    (Taylor & Francis Group, 2019-11-13) Desroches, Gabriel; Denault, Anne-Sophie; Poulin, François
    This study aimed at identifying and describing patterns of sports participation during high school among a general population of students and examining individual, social, and environmental predictors of pattern membership. A sample of 287 high school students (61% girls) from Quebec (Canada) annually reported all the organized sports in which they had participated over the school year during five consecutive years (from Grade 7 to 11; in the Quebec school system, high school is comprised of five years). The predictors were assessed at the end of elementary school (Grade 6). Latent class analyses brought out four different patterns (specialized, moderate-sports, low-sports and no-sport participation). Multinomial logistic regressions revealed that adolescents’ sex, parental involvement, best friends’ participation in sports and family income were significant predictors of pattern membership. Parental involvement and family income significantly predicted membership in the specialized pattern relative to other patterns, suggesting that tangible support from parent is necessary for youth to maintain their long term commitment in a single sport. Findings highlight that efforts aimed at promoting sport participation during adolescence should target girls and encourage parents to get involved in their children’s organized sports.
  • PublicationAccès libre
    Musical extracurricular activities and adjustment among children from immigrant families : a 2-year quasi-experimental study
    (Frontiers, 2022-08-05) Olivier, Elizabeth; Denault, Anne-Sophie; Dupéré, Véronique; Archambault, Isabelle; Meilleur, Marilou; Thouin, Éliane
    This quasi-experimental study examines the impact on emotional/behavioral functioning (hyperactivity-inattention and internalizing symptoms) and school experiences (school engagement, positive experience in school) of La classe enchantée, a high-quality, non-selective extracurricular music program. Based on the program’s objectives and on the positive youth development model, it was anticipated that elementary school students participating in La classe enchantée would evolve more favorably in terms of these outcomes over the 2-year duration of the program spanning Grades 4 and 5, compared to non-participating schoolmates. The sample includes 72 children (25% in the intervention group, 47% girls, 93% first/second generation immigrants) from one low-income school, followed over 2 years starting in grade four (Mage = 9.30, SD = 0.49). Latent Growth Curve models show that, compared to classmates not in the program, children in La classe enchantée progressed more favorably over time on self-reported measures of internalizing symptoms and positive experiences in school. For teacher-rated hyperactivity-inattention and school engagement, the slopes indicated stability over time in both groups, although hyperactivity-inattention tended to improve among those with relatively high initial levels in the intervention group. These results suggest that engagement in quality musical extracurricular activities might boost emotional and school well-being and potentially reduce hyperactivity-inattention among a specific subgroup of children from immigrant families.
  • PublicationRestreint
    Organized civic and non-civic activities as predictors of academic GPA in high school students
    (Taylor & Francis, 2022-05-05) Philippe, Frederick; Denault, Anne-Sophie; Gingras, Marie-Pier; Robitaille, Jean; Ghassemi-Bakhtiari, Nessa; Poulina, François; Dandeneau, Stéphane; Geoffroy, Marie-Claude
    Unlike organized activities such as sports and arts, civic activities in adolescence (e.g., volunteering, student government) have been less studied in relation to school success and almost all existing evidence consists of cross-sectional findings. In a longitudinal study, 1035 pupils (64% females, 20% nonwhite, Mage = 14.21 years) from high schools reported their engagement in organized non-civic and civic activities during the school year, dimensions of activity participation (e.g., intensity, duration, motives), and covariables (age, gender, ethnicity, SES, self-esteem, parental relationship, school motivation). Previous and end-of-year grade point average (GPA) were collected from school administrations. Results revealed that both civic and non-civic organized activities independently predicted increases in GPA over the school year, even after adjusting for all covariables.
  • PublicationAccès libre
    Trajectories of team and individual sports participation in childhood and links with internalizing problems
    (Wiley-Blackwell., 2022-09-25) White-Gosselin, Charles-Étienne; Poulin, François; Denault, Anne-Sophie
    The purpose of this 5-year longitudinal study is to identify trajectories of team and individual sports participation in childhood, and to compare these trajectories on different types of internalizing problems. Parents reported their children’s annual sports participation from the ages of 6 to 10 (n = 785) and teachers reported internalizing problems (depression, anxiety, social withdrawal) at the beginning and at the end of this period. The study used latent class growth analyses to identify two trajectories of team sports and two trajectories of individual sports participation were identified: 1) high participation, and 2) low participation. Considering baseline level of internalizing problems and gender, children in the high participation team sports trajectory show significantly fewer depression, anxiety, and social withdrawal behaviors at age 10 than those in the low participation team sports trajectory. No differences between individual sports trajectories were observed. Comparison with joint trajectory groups partially confirmed these results but also showed that sustained participation in multiple individual sports could also be linked to decreased anxiety. Our findings suggest that participation in team sports should be encouraged to promote certain aspects of children’s mental health.
  • PublicationAccès libre
    Beyond college for all : portrait of rapid and successful school-to-work transitions among vulnerable youth
    (American Psychological Association, 2023-06-29) Thouin, Éliane; Dupéré, Véronique; Denault, Anne-Sophie; Schoon, Ingrid
    For non-college-bound youth, swiftly finding a satisfying job upon exiting compulsory schooling might support adjustment. Yet, youths’ own job perceptions have rarely been considered in school-to-work transition research. Sequence analysis of monthly occupational status over four years (ages 16 to 20) in a low-SES sample overrepresenting academically-vulnerable youth (N = 386; 50% male; 23% visible minority) generated five school-to-work pathways: two work-bound ones with jobs perceived as aligned with career goals (Career Job, 10%) or not (Fill-In Job, 26%), alongside three others (Disconnected [15%], Prolonged Secondary Education [25%], Postsecondary Education [24%]). Mental health was strongest in the Career Job pathway. Male sex and adolescent employment were precursors to this advantageous pathway, underscoring the crucial role of work experience.
  • PublicationRestriction temporaire
    Paid employment in adolescence and rapid integration into a career-related job in early adulthood among vulnerable youth : the identity connection
    (Elsevier, 2023-03-13) Thouin, Éliane; Dupéré, Véronique; Denault, Anne-Sophie
    For youth transitioning to adulthood, finding a job that matches one’s career aspirations is a major challenge. This is especially true for non-college-bound youth, for whom well-paid, meaningful work opportunities are scarce. One avenue often proposed to enhance these youths’ chances of successful professional integration is through work experiences during high school, which are thought to help at least in part by supporting identity development processes. The purpose of this study was to test this premise in a Canadian sample (N = 386; 50% female; 23% minority) of socioeconomically disadvantaged and academically vulnerable youth (48% without a post-secondary degree) followed longitudinally from their mid-teens to their early twenties. Beyond potential confounders, no direct association was found between adolescent employment (at both moderate and intensive levels) and integration into a career-related job. However, mediation analyses showed that moderate work in high school (i.e., < 20 hours per week) was significantly associated with identity commitment (b = 1.82, p < .001), which was in turn linked to integration into a career-related job matching professional goals in early adulthood (b = 0.08, p < .001). Among the control variables, having a vocational degree was a strong predictor of integration into a career-related job. Overall, these results suggest that career counselors accompanying adolescents who do not intend to attend college should consider employment at moderate levels as an option to foster their identity related to future plans, interests, and values, as well as vocational training options.
  • PublicationRestriction temporaire
    Profiles of motivation for participating in extracurricular activities among students at disadvantaged high schools
    (Elsevier Science Inc., 2022-05-06) Denault, Anne-Sophie; Guay, Frédéric; Archambault, Isabelle; Litalien, David; Plamondon, André; Dupéré, Véronique
    This study aimed to identify high school student profiles of motivation for participating in extracurricular ac- tivities, predict profile membership using indicators of need satisfaction and gender, and verify whether the profiles predicted continued participation the following year. The sample included 263 Canadian students in disadvantaged high schools (54% girls, Mage = 14.54). Results revealed four profiles based on three types of motivation (intrinsic, identified, and introjected): Poorly motivated (low scores on all types), Moderately motivated (average scores on all types), Highly motivated (high scores on all types), and Autonomously motivated (high scores on intrinsic and identified, and low scores on introjected motivation). Autonomy support from the activity leader and competence predicted profile membership. The Autonomously motivated profile also predicted continued participation relative to the Poorly motivated profile. Results provide useful information for school staff about how to foster more autonomous forms of motivation for participating in extracurricular activities
  • PublicationRestriction temporaire
    Organized activities in adolescence and pro-environmental behaviors in adulthood : the mediating role of pro-environmental attitudes
    (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2022-11-03) Davignon, Lisa-Marie; Poulin, François; Denault, Anne-Sophie
    Introduction: Organized activities practiced in adolescence are known to foster positive development, including active citizenship. Active citizenship encompasses a wide range of behaviors, one of them being pro-environmental behaviors. Few studies focused on the developmental factors that may predict these behaviors in adults, despite their crucial role in counteracting the current climate crisis. However, prior research showed that attitudes were typically major predictors of behaviors. This study thus tested a model that posited participation in organized activities in adolescence as a predictor of pro-environmental attitudes in emerging adulthood and these attitudes as a predictor of pro-environmental behaviors in adulthood. Methods: Three hundred twenty-one participants (61% girls) from Quebec (Canada) completed all time points across a 17-year period. Participants self-reported their participation in organized activities (sports, cultural, prosocial) from ages 14 to 17, pro-environmental attitudes, from ages 18 to 22, and pro-environmental behaviors, at age 30. Results: Results revealed that pro-environmental attitudes mediate the relationship between adolescent participation in cultural activities and pro-environmental behaviors in adulthood. Practicing sporting or prosocial activities in adolescence did not predict stronger pro-environmental attitudes or behaviors. Interestingly, pro-environmental attitudes consistently predicted pro-environmental behaviors later in life. Conclusions: These findings and prior research suggest participation in cultural activities may provide a space to discuss, imagine change, and cultivate sensitivity towards nature. This may contribute to the development of pro-environmental attitudes and behaviors later in life.
  • PublicationRestriction temporaire
    Validation of the French-Canadian Version of the Positive Youth Development Scale-Short Form (PYD-SF)
    (Taylor & Francis, 2023-05-26) Ahn, Jiseul Sophia; Plamondon, André; Bouchard, Maxim; Denault, Anne-Sophie
    The Positive Youth Development Scale-Short Form (PYD-SF) is a 34-item questionnaire assessing the Five Cs model of PYD that has received little interest in contexts outside of the United States. This study aimed to validate the PYD-SF for use with older adolescents in a French-Canadian context, by testing the bifactor structure and examining its reliability and validity with respect to important adolescent outcomes (e.g., vitality, depression, substance use). The French-Canadian version of the scale was administered to 359 ninth-grade students (Mage=14.39; 50% girls) attending two schools in the province of Quebec. The results found support for the bifactor model. Likewise, the global PYD showed moderate associations with the adolescent outcomes in expected directions with high internal consistency estimates. These findings suggest the French-Canadian version of PYD-SF reliably measures the global construct of PYD, but caution is needed in calculating the C-specific subscale scores.
  • PublicationRestriction temporaire
    Extracurricular activities and adjustment among students at disadvantaged high schools : the mediating role of peer relatedness and school belonging
    (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2022-12-14) Bouchard, Maxim; Denault, Anne-Sophie; Guay, Frédéric
    Introduction: Participation in extracurricular activities (ECAs) during high school is likely to be associated with higher intrinsic motivation, as well as lower externalizing problems and depressive symptoms, particularly for students in schools located in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods. However, few studies have explored the processes underlying these positive associations. In this study, we examined whether peer relatedness and school belonging mediated the links between participation in these activities and adolescent academic and psychosocial adjustment and whether another indicator of poverty, namely material deprivation, moderated these links. Methods: Canadian students (n = 638; 59% girls) at disadvantaged high schools were surveyed at two-time points. Results and conclusions: Results show that peer relatedness can explain the associations between extracurricular activity participation and (a) school intrinsic motivation and (b) depressive symptoms. Results also revealed that the indirect effect involving the number of activities, peer relatedness and depressive symptoms was only significant among students living in highly deprived areas. These results highlight the contribution of peer relatedness as a potential mediator of the positive association connecting extracurricular activity participation to adjustment among disadvantaged students.