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Dumont, Éric

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Département de chirurgie, Faculté de médecine, Université Laval
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  • Publication
    Usefulness of TEE as the primary imaging technique to guide transcatheter transapical aortic valve implantation
    (American College of Cardiology Foundation, 2011-02-01) Bertrand, Olivier; Lemieux, Jérôme; Dumont, Éric; De Larochellière, Robert; Côté, Mélanie; Villeneuve, Jacques; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bergeron, Sébastien; Bagur, Rodrigo Hernan; Doyle, Daniel; Pibarot, Philippe
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to: 1) determine the usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) as the primary technique to guide transapical (TA) transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI); and 2) to compare TEE with angiography as the primary imaging modality for TA-TAVI guidance. Background: TEE has been routinely used as an adjunct to angiography during TA-TAVI procedures, but very few data exist on the use of TEE as the primary imaging technique guiding TA-TAVI. Methods: One hundred consecutive high-risk patients (mean age 79 ± 9 years, mean logistic EuroSCORE: 25.8 ± 17.6%) who underwent TA-TAVI in our center were included. The Edwards valve was used in all cases, and all procedures were performed in an operating room without hybrid facilities. The TA-TAVI was primarily guided by angiography in the first 25 patients (A-TAVI group) and by TEE in the last 75 patients (TEE-TAVI group). Procedural, 30-day, and follow-up results were evaluated. Results: No differences were observed between groups at baseline except for a higher (p = 0.001) prevalence of moderate or severe mitral regurgitation in the TEE-TAVI group. The procedure was successful in 97.3% and 100% of the patients in the TEE-TAVI and A-TAVI groups, respectively (p = 1.0), and a lower contrast volume was used in the TEE-TAVI group (12 [5 to 20] ml vs. 40 [20 to 50] ml, p < 0.0001). There were no differences between groups in the occurrence of valve malposition needing a second valve (TEE-TAVI: 5.3%; A-TAVI: 4%; p = 1.0) or valve embolization (TEE-TAVI: 1.3%; A-TAVI: 4%; p = 0.44). The results regarding post-procedural valve hemodynamic status and aortic regurgitation were similar between groups. The survival rates at 30-day and 1-year follow-up were 87% and 75% in the TEE-group and 88% and 84% in the A-TAVI group, respectively (log-rank = 0.49). Conclusions: TEE-TAVI was associated with similar acute and midterm results as A-TAVI and significantly reduced contrast media use during the procedures. These results suggest the feasibility and safety of performing TA-TAVI procedures in an operating room without hybrid facilities, but larger studies are needed to confirm these findings.
  • Publication
    Incidence, predictive factors, and prognostic value of new-onset atrial fibrillation following transcatheter aortic valve implantation
    (Elsevier, 2012-01-10) Dumont, Éric; Côté, Mélanie; Villeneuve, Jacques; Nombela-Franco, Luis; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Amat Santos, Ignacio J.; Bagur, Rodrigo Hernan; Doyle, Daniel; Philippon, François; Urena Alcazar, Marina; Pibarot, Philippe; De Larochellière, Robert
    Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the incidence, predictive factors, and prognostic value of new-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Background: Very few data exist on the occurrence of NOAF following TAVI. Methods: A total of 138 consecutive patients with no prior history of atrial fibrillation (AF) underwent TAVI with a balloon-expandable valve. Patients were on continuous electrocardiogram monitoring until hospital discharge, and NOAF was defined as any episode of AF lasting >30 s. All clinical, echocardiographic, procedural, and follow-up data were prospectively collected. Results: NOAF occurred in 44 patients (31.9%) at a median time of 48 h (interquartile range: 0 to 72 h) following TAVI. The predictive factors of NOAF were left atrial (LA) size (odds ratio [OR]: 1.21 for each increase in 1 mm/m2, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09 to 1.34, p < 0.0001) and transapical approach (OR: 4.08, 95% CI: 1.35 to 12.31, p = 0.019). At 30-day follow-up, NOAF was associated with a higher rate of stroke/systemic embolism (13.6% vs. 3.2%, p = 0.021, p = 0.047 after adjustment for baseline differences between groups), with no differences in mortality rate between groups (NOAF: 9.1%, no-NOAF: 6.4%, p = 0.57). At a median follow-up of 12 months (interquartile range: 5 to 20 months), a total of 27 patients (19.6%) had died, with no differences between the NOAF (15.9%) and no-NOAF (21.3%) groups, p = 0.58. The cumulative rate of stroke and stroke/systemic embolism at follow-up were 13.6% and 15.9%, respectively, in the NOAF group versus 3.2% in the no-NOAF group (p = 0.039, adjusted p = 0.037 for stroke; p = 0.020, adjusted p = 0.023 for stroke/systemic embolism). Conclusions: NOAF occurred in about one-third of the patients with no prior history of AF undergoing TAVI and its incidence was increased in patients with larger LA size and those undergoing transapical TAVI. NOAF was associated with a higher rate of stroke/systemic embolism, but not a higher mortality, at 30 days and at 1-year follow-up.
  • Publication
    Performance-based functional assessment of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation
    (Elsevier, 2011-04-01) Bertrand, Olivier; Dumont, Éric; De Larochellière, Robert; Villeneuve, Jacques; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bagur, Rodrigo Hernan; Côté, Mélanie; Doyle, Daniel; Poirier, Paul; Pibarot, Philippe; Gutiérrez-Marcos, José; Clavel, Marie-Annick
    Background: Very few data exist on the functional evaluation of patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aims of this prospective study were (1) to evaluate the Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) as a measure of functional status pre-TAVI and post-TAVI, (2) to determine the clinical parameters associated with DASI changes after TAVI, and (3) to compare functional status as evaluated by DASI and the New York Heart Association (NYHA) class with exercise capacity as evaluated by the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) in such patients. Methods: A total of 76 patients (80 ± 8 years old) who underwent successful TAVI were included. All patients completed the DASI self-questionnaire at baseline and at 6 months after TAVI, and 46 patients also performed a 6MWT. Results: The mean DASI increased from 10.3 ± 5.4 to 16.3 ± 8.3 at 6 months after TAVI (P < .0001). However, the DASI did not change or even decreased to some extent in 30% of patients after TAVI. Renal dysfunction as evaluated by the estimated glomerular filtration rate was identified as the independent predictor of DASI impairment after TAVI (OR 1.7 for each decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate of 10 mL/min/1.73 m(2), 95% CI 1.3-2.3, P = .005). The mean distance walked increased from 165.9 ± 77.6 to 211.8 ± 78.7 m (P = .0001) at follow-up. The DASI showed a good correlation with the distance walked at baseline (r = 0.55, P < .0001) and at follow-up (r = 0.66, P < .0001). The NYHA class improved to some degree in all but 5 patients; however, the NYHA class did not correlate with the results of DASI and the 6MWT. Conclusions: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation was associated with a significant increase in functional status at 6-month follow-up as evaluated by the DASI, although no improvement was observed in about one third of patients. The presence of baseline renal dysfunction better determined this lack of improvement in functional status. The DASI, but not the NYHA class, correlated with distance walked in the 6MWT. These results suggest that the DASI might become a useful tool for evaluating both candidates for and the impact of TAVI procedures.
  • Publication
    Acute kidney injury following transcatheter aortic valve implantation : predictive factors, prognostic value, and comparison with surgical aortic valve replacement
    (European Society of Cardiology, 2009-12-27) Bertrand, Olivier; Webb, John G. (John Graydon); Dumont, Éric; Nietlispach, Fabian; De Larochellière, Robert; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bagur, Rodrigo Hernan; Doyle, Daniel; Masson, Jean-Bernard; Pibarot, Philippe; Gutiérrez-Marcos, José; Clavel, Marie-Annick
    Aims: Very few data exist on the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The objectives of the present study were (i) to determine the incidence, predictive factors, and prognostic value of AKI following TAVI, and (ii) to compare the occurrence of AKI in TAVI vs. surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients with pre-procedural chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods and results: A total of 213 patients (mean age 82 ± 8 years) undergoing TAVI for the treatment of severe aortic stenosis were included in the study. Acute kidney injury was defined as a reduction of >25% in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) within 48 h following the procedure or the need for haemodialysis during index hospitalization. Those patients with pre-procedural CKD (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, n = 119) were compared with 104 contemporary patients with CKD who underwent isolated SAVR. The incidence of AKI following TAVI was 11.7%, with 1.4% of the patients requiring haemodialysis. Predictive factors of AKI were hypertension (OR: 4.66; 95% CI: 1.04–20.87), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR: 2.64, 95% CI: 1.10–6.36), and peri-operative blood transfusion (OR: 3.47, 95% CI: 1.30–9.29). Twenty-one patients (9.8%) died during index hospitalization, and the logistic EuroSCORE (OR: 1.03 for each increase of 1%; 95% CI: 1.01–1.06) and occurrence of AKI (OR: 4.14, 95% CI: 1.42–12.13) were identified as independent predictors of postoperative mortality. Patients with CKD who underwent TAVI were older, had a higher logistic EuroSCORE and lower pre-procedural eGFR values compared with those who underwent SAVR (P < 0.0001 for all). The incidence of AKI was lower (P = 0.001; P = 0.014 after propensity score adjustment) in CKD patients who underwent TAVI (9.2%, need for haemodialysis: 2.5%) compared with those who underwent SAVR (25.9%, need for haemodialysis: 8.7%). Conclusion: Acute kidney injury occurred in 11.7% of the patients following TAVI and was associated with a greater than four-fold increase in the risk of postoperative mortality. Hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and blood transfusion were predictive factors of AKI. In those patients with pre-procedural CKD, TAVI was associated with a significant reduction of AKI compared with SAVR.
  • Publication
    Electrocardiographic changes and clinical outcomes after transapical aortic valve implantation
    (C. V. Mosby Co., 2009-08-01) Gutiérrez-Marcos, José; Bertrand, Olivier; Lemieux, Jérôme; Dumont, Éric; De Larochellière, Robert; Côté, Mélanie; Villeneuve, Jacques; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bergeron, Sébastien; Bagur, Rodrigo Hernan; Doyle, Daniel; Poirier, Paul; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick
    Background : Transapical aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for the treatment of severe aortic stenosis requires the insertion of a large catheter through the left ventricular apex. However, the electrocardiographic (ECG) changes associated with the incision and repair of the left ventricular apex and the potential damage to the conduction system caused by implanting a balloon-expandable valve in aortic position are not known. The objective of our study was to determine the incidence, type, and timing of ECG changes associated with TAVI. Methods : The standard 12-lead ECGs of 33 consecutive patients (mean age 81 ± 9 years, 13 men) diagnosed with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (valve area 0.62 ± 0.16 cm2) who underwent TAVI with an Edwards-SAPIEN valve were analyzed at baseline (within 24 hours before the procedure), immediately (within 6 hours) after the procedure, at hospital discharge, and at 1-month follow-up. Results : There were no procedural deaths, and 30-day mortality was 6%. The incidence of complete left ventricular branch block (LBBB) and left anterior hemiblock (LAHB) increased from 9% and 3% at baseline to 27% and 36% after the procedure, respectively (P < .03 for both). A lower (ventricular) position of the valve relative to the hinge point of the anterior mitral leaflet was associated with a higher incidence of new LBBB (35% vs 0%, P = .029); and a greater valve size–aortic annulus ratio, with the occurrence of new LAHB (1.20 ± 0.07 vs 1.14 ± 0.06, P = .021). At 1-month follow-up, the rate of LBBB and LAHB decreased to 13% and 10%, respectively (P = not significant compared with baseline). There were no cases of new atrioventricular block, and no patient needed pacemaker implantation. Transient (<48 hours) ST-elevation changes, mostly in the anterior and/or lateral leads, occurred in 6 patients (18%) immediately after the procedure; but only 1 of these patients presented new Q waves at 1-month follow-up. Conclusions : Transapical aortic valve implantation was associated with a significant but transient (<1 month) increase in LBBB and LAHB, with no patient requiring pacemaker implantation. These changes were partially related to both lower (more ventricular) valve positioning and greater valve oversizing. Transient (<48 hours) ST-segment elevation changes occurred in about one fifth of the patients after the procedure, but only a minority developed new Q waves in the ECG.
  • Publication
    The impact of integration of a multidetector computed tomography annulus area sizing algorithm on outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement : a prospective, multicenter, controlled trial
    (Elsevier Biomedical, 2013-07-30) Binder, Ronald K.; Dumont, Éric; Webb, John G. (John Graydon); Larose, Éric; Willson, Alexander B.; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Freeman, Melanie; Hansson, Nicolaj C.; Pasian, Sergio; Nørgaard, Bjarne Linde; Urena Alcazar, Marina; Pibarot, Philippe; Barbanti, Marco; Thompson, Chris; Wheeler, Miriam; Moss, Robert; Yang, Tae-Hyun; Hague, Cameron J.; Nguyen, Giang; Raju, Rekha; Toggweiler, Stefan; Min, James K.; Wood, David A.; Leipsic, Jonathon
    OBJECTIVES: This study prospectively investigated the impact of integration of a multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) annular area sizing algorithm on transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) outcomes. BACKGROUND: Appreciation of the 3-dimensional, noncircular geometry of the aortic annulus is important for transcatheter heart valve (THV) sizing. METHODS: Patients being evaluated for TAVR in 4 centers underwent pre-procedural MDCT. Recommendations for balloon-expandable THV size selection were based on an MDCT sizing algorithm with an optimal goal of modest annulus area oversizing (5% to 10%). Consecutive patients who underwent TAVR with the algorithm (MDCT group) were compared with consecutive patients without the algorithm (control group). The primary endpoint was the incidence of more than mild paravalvular regurgitation (PAR), and the secondary endpoint was the composite of in-hospital death, aortic annulus rupture, and severe PAR. RESULTS: Of 266 patients, 133 consecutive patients underwent TAVR (SAPIEN XT THV) in the MDCT group and 133 consecutive patients were in the control group. More than mild PAR was present in 5.3% (7 of 133) of the MDCT group and in 12.8% (17 of 133) in the control group (p = 0.032). The combined secondary endpoint occurred in 3.8% (5 of 133) of the MDCT group and in 11.3% (15 of 133) of the control group (p = 0.02), driven by the difference of severe PAR. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of an MDCT annulus area sizing algorithm for TAVR reduces PAR. Three-dimensional aortic annular assessment and annular area sizing should be considered for TAVR.
  • Publication
    Cerebral embolism following transcatheter aortic valve implantation : comparison of transfemoral and transapical approaches.
    (Elsevier Biomedical, 2011-01-04) Bédard, Fernand; Dumont, Éric; Boone, Robert H.; De Larochellière, Robert; Larose, Éric; Côté, Mélanie; Gurvitch, Ronen; Villeneuve, Jacques; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Bagur, Rodrigo Hernan; Doyle, Daniel; Jayasuria, Cleonie; Pibarot, Philippe; Marrero, Alier; Webb, John G. (John Graydon)
    OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of cerebral embolism (CE) as evaluated by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) following transapical (TA) transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) versus transfemoral (TF) TAVI. BACKGROUND: The TA-TAVI approach avoids both the manipulation of large catheters in the aortic arch/ascending aorta and the retrograde crossing of the aortic valve, and this avoidance might lead to a lower rate of CE. METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter study including 60 patients who underwent cerebral DW-MRI the day before and within the 6 days following TAVI (TF approach: 29 patients; TA approach: 31 patients). Neurologic and cognitive function assessments were performed at DW-MRI time points. RESULTS: The TAVI procedure was performed with the Edwards valve and was successful in all cases but one (98%). A total of 41 patients (68%) had 251 new cerebral ischemic lesions at the DW-MRI performed 4 ± 1 days after the procedure, 19 patients in the TF group (66%) and 22 patients in the TA group (71%; p = 0.78). Most patients (76%) with new ischemic lesions had multiple lesions (median number of lesions per patient: 3, range 1 to 31). There were no differences in lesion number and size between the TF and TA groups. No baseline or procedural factors were found to be predictors of new ischemic lesions. The occurrence of CE was not associated with a measurable impairment in cognitive function, but 2 patients (3.3%) had a clinically apparent stroke within the 24 h following the procedure (1 patient in each group). CONCLUSIONS: TAVI is associated with a high rate of silent cerebral ischemic lesions as evaluated by DW-MRI, with no differences between the TF and TA approaches. These results provide important novel insight into the mechanisms of CE associated with TAVI and support the need for further research to both reduce the incidence of CE during these procedures and better determine their clinical relevance
  • Publication
    Incidence, timing, and predictors of valve hemodynamic deterioration after transcatheter aortic valve replacement : multicenter registry
    (Elsevier Biomedical, 2016-02-16) Campelo-Parada, Francisco; Muñoz, Antonio; Dahou, Abdellaziz; Wijeysundera, Harindra C.; Dumont, Éric; Abdul-Jawad Altisent, Omar; Cheema, Asim; Nombela-Franco, Luis; Gutierrez, Enrique; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Serra, Vicenç; Paradis, Jean-Michel; Kefer, Joelle; Amat Santos, Ignacio J.; Del Trigo, Maria; Benitez, Luis M.; Pibarot, Philippe; Mewa, Jumana; Puri, Rishi; Jiménez-Quevedo, Pilar; Alnasser, Sami; Garcia del Blanco, Bruno; Dager, Antonio
    Background: Scarce data exist on the incidence of and factors associated with valve hemodynamic deterioration (VHD) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).Objectives: This study sought to determine the incidence, timing, and predictors of VHD in a large cohort of patients undergoing TAVR.Methods: This multicenter registry included 1,521 patients (48% male; 80 ± 7 years of age) who underwent TAVR. Mean echocardiographic follow-up was 20 ± 13 months (minimum: 6 months). Echocardiographic examinations were performed at discharge, at 6 to 12 months, and yearly thereafter. Annualized changes in mean gradient (mm Hg/year) were calculated by dividing the difference between the mean gradient at last follow-up and the gradient at discharge by the time between examinations. VHD was defined as a =10 mm Hg increase in transprosthetic mean gradient during follow-up compared with discharge assessment.Results: The overall mean annualized rate of transprosthetic gradient progression during follow-up was 0.30 ± 4.99 mm Hg/year. A total of 68 patients met criteria of VHD (incidence: 4.5% during follow-up). The absence of anticoagulation therapy at hospital discharge (p = 0.002), a valve-in-valve (TAVR in a surgical valve) procedure (p = 0.032), the use of a 23-mm valve (p = 0.016), and a greater body mass index (p = 0.001) were independent predictors of VHD.Conclusions: There was a mild but significant increase in transvalvular gradients over time after TAVR. The lack of anticoagulation therapy, a valve-in-valve procedure, a greater body mass index, and the use of a 23-mm transcatheter valve were associated with higher rates of VHD post-TAVR. Further prospective studies are required to determine whether a specific antithrombotic therapy post-TAVR may reduce the risk of VHD.
  • Publication
    Self-expanding Portico valve versus balloon-expandable SAPIEN XT valve in patients with small aortic annuli : comparison of hemodynamic performance.
    (Spanish Society of Cardiology, 2016-05-01) Campelo-Parada, Francisco; Dahou, Abdellaziz; Webb, John G. (John Graydon); Dumont, Éric; Dvir, Danny; Abdul-Jawad Altisent, Omar; Côté, Mélanie; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Thompson, Chris; Mohammadi, Siamak; Leipsic, Jonathon; Paradis, Jean-Michel; Stub, Dion; Pasian, Sergio; Doyle, Daniel; Del Trigo, Maria; Pibarot, Philippe; Puri, Rishi; De Larochellière, Robert
    Introduction and objectives: The self-expanding Portico valve is a new transcatheter aortic valve system yielding promising preliminary results, yet there are no comparative data against earlier generation transcatheter aortic valve systems. The aim of this study was to compare the hemodynamic performance of the Portico and balloon-expandable SAPIEN XT valves in a case-matched study with echocardiographic core laboratory analysis. Methods: Twenty-two patients underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation with the Portico 23-mm valve and were matched for aortic annulus area and mean diameter measured by multidetector computed tomography, left ventricular ejection fraction, body surface area, and body mass index with 40 patients treated with the 23-mm SAPIEN XT. Mean aortic annulus diameters were 19.6±1.3mm by transthoracic echocardiography and 21.4±1.2mm by computed tomography, with no significant between-group differences. Doppler echocardiographic images were collected at baseline and at 1-month of follow-up and were analyzed in a central echocardiography core laboratory. Results: There were no significant between-group differences in residual mean transaortic gradients (SAPIEN XT: 10.4±3.7mmHg; Portico: 9.8±1.1mmHg; P=.49) and effective orifice areas (SAPIEN XT: 1.36±0.27cm(2); Portico, 1.37±.29cm(2); P=.54). Rates of severe prosthesis-patient mismatch (effective orifice area<0.65cm(2)/m(2)) were similar (SAPIEN XT: 13.5%; Portico: 10.0%; P=.56). No between-group differences were found in the occurrence of moderate-severe paravalvular leaks (5.0% vs 4.8% of SAPIEN XT and Portico respectively; P=.90). Conclusions: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation with the self-expanding Portico system yielded similar short-term hemodynamic performance compared with the balloon-expandable SAPIEN XT system for treating patients with severe aortic stenosis and small annuli. Further prospective studies with longer-term follow-up and in patients with larger aortic annuli are required.
  • Publication
    Response to letters regarding article, "Infective endocarditis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation : results from a large multicenter registry".
    (American Heart Association, 2015-12-08) Dumont, Éric; Messika-Zeitoun, David; Nombela-Franco, Luis; Eltchaninoff, Hélène; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Kapadia, Samir R.; Amat Santos, Ignacio J.; Lerakis, Stamatios A.; Urena Alcazar, Marina; Cheema, Asim; Pibarot, Philippe; Gutiérrez-Ibañes, Enrique; Ribeiro, Henrique B.; Muñoz, Antonio; Pan, Manuel; Webb, John G. (John Graydon); Herrmann, Howard C.; Kodali, Susheel; Tamburino, Corrado; Jilaihawi, Hasan; Masson, Jean-Bernard; Brito, Fabio Sandoli de; Ferreira, Maria Cristina; Lima, Valter Correa; Mangione, José Armando; Iung, Bernard; Vahanian, Alec; Durand, Éric; Tuzcu, Murat; Hayek, Salim; Angulo-Llanos, Rocio; Gómez-Doblas, Juan José; Castillo Dominguez, Juan Carlos; Dvir, Danny; Leon, Martin B.; Garcia, Eulogio; Cobiella Carnicer, Javier; Barbanti, Marco; Makkar, Rajendra; López Diez, Javier; San Román, Alberto