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Fortin, J. A.

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J. A.
Département des sciences du bois et de la forêt, Faculté de foresterie, de géographie et de géomatique, Université Laval
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  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Igneous phosphate rock solubilization by biofilm-forming mycorrhizobacteria and hyphobacteria associated with Rhizoglomus irregulare DAOM 197198
    (Springer, 2016-08-19) Piché, Yves; St-Arnaud, Marc; Antoun, Hani; Fortin, J. A.; Taktek, Salma
    Biofilm formation on abiotic and biotic surfaces was studied with two hyphobacteria, strongly attached to the surface of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) Rhizoglomus irregulare (Ri) DAOM 197198 and two mycorrhizobacteria, loosely attached to the roots of different mycorrhizal plants. When the sparingly soluble igneous phosphate rock (PR) from Quebec, or when the chemical hydroxyapatite were used as sole phosphorus (P) source, hyphobacteria Rhizobium miluonense Rm3 and Burkholderia anthina Ba8 produced significantly more biofilms than mycorrhizobacteria Rahnella sp. Rs11 and Burkholderiaphenazinium Bph12, as indicated by the crystal violet assay or by quantifying biofilm exopolysaccharides. As previously observed with planktonic bacteria, biofilms mobilized P by lowering the pH and releasing gluconic acid. The high efficiency of P mobilization by the hyphobacteria Ba8 was linked to the presence of more viable cells in its biofilm as revealed by the hydrolysis of fluorescein diacetate. Scanning electron microscopy micrographs showed a high adherence of the best P-solubilizer hyphobacteria Ba8 on the surface of Quebec PR. Hydroxyapatite porous structure did not allow a good adherence of Ba8. Ba8 formed an important biofilm on the hyphae of Ri DAOM 197198 with low reactive Quebec PR while no biofilm was observed with the high reactive hydroxyapatite. Results confirm the possible presence of specificity between the Ri DAOM 197198 and the hyphobacteria and suggest that the interaction would be regulated by the availability of P.
  • Publication
    Trapping of phosphate solubilizing bacteria on hyphae of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Rhizophagus irregularis DAOM 197198
    (Pergamon, 2015-08-03) Trépanier, Martin; Piché, Yves; Antoun, Hani; St-Arnaud, Marc; Fortin, J. A.; Magallón-Servin, Paola; Taktek, Salma
    A simple method is described for trapping phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) strongly attached to the hyphae of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) Rhizophagus irregularis (Ri). Bacteria were isolated from the hyphosphere of mycorrhizal leek plants growing on Turface previously inoculated with soil suspensions, obtained from the mycorrhizosphere of mycorrhizal plants growing in agricultural settings or maple forests in Quebec, Canada. Among the best PSB strongly attached to the hyphae of Ri, 26 isolates belonged to Burkholderia spp. and one was identified as Rhizobium miluonense. Four hyphobacteria exhibiting high potential of inorganic and organic P mobilization were further compared with four equivalent mycorrhizobacteria directly isolated from mycorrhizospheric soils sampled. In general, hyphobacteria were superior in mobilizing P from hydroxyapatite and from a low reactivity igneous phosphate rock from Quebec. Release of gluconic acid or the product of its oxidation 2-ketogluconic acid, are the main mechanisms involved in P solubilization. In a two compartments Petri plate system, Ri extraradical hyphal exudates, supported PSB growth and activity. In the absence of PSB Ri showed a negligible P solubilization activity. In the presence of PSB a substantial increase in P mobilization was observed, and the superiority of hyphobacterial activity was also observed under this system. Our results suggest that in developing a bioinoculant based on selected PSB, their interaction with AMF hyphae should not be overlooked.