Personne :
Guillot, Michel

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Université Laval. Département de génie mécanique
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Voici les éléments 1 - 2 sur 2
  • Publication
    Study of the tensile properties of living skin equivalents
    (Pergamon, 1995-10-01) Guillot, Michel; Yahia, Hocine; Germain, Lucie; Auger, François A.; Lafrance, Hugues
    The living skin equivalent is one of the more advanced clinical applications in the field of tissue engineering. It is a promising therapeutic option for burn victims and a strong potential for manifold in vitro experiments. However, researchers have encountered major drawbacks in the reconstruction of the dermal layer. Peripheral anchorage of the dermal equivalent component has been a valuable solution to many of these problems. In this work, we have carried out the mechanical analysis of skin equivalent models, based on this dermal anchoring technique, with a study of their biaxial tensile properties. Differences between models were related to the origin of collagen, either bovine or human, and on the culture techniques: immersion or at the air-liquid interface. The study was accomplished in vitro using 25.4-mm-diameter disk-shaped specimens with an indentation test. In appropriate wet condition, the specimens were punctured with a spherical tip at a quasi-static rate. We measured the load applied against the tip vs deflection up to the breaking point. Our results show that skin equivalents presented a typical exponential load-deflection relationship. All skin equivalents presented large extensibility up to 1.41 expressed in a ratio of deflection vs specimen's radius. The maximum tensile strength (0.871-1.169 Newton) and energy calculations (3.75-6.432 was offered by living skin equivalent, made with human types I and III collagens, cultured at the air-liquid interface. In these conditions, our results suggest the tensile properties of living skin equivalents were enhanced due to the development of well stratified stratum corneum.
  • Publication
    A method for the evaluation of tensile properties of skin equivalents
    (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1995-10-01) Guillot, Michel; Germain, Lucie; Auger, François A.; Lafrance, Hugues
    In vitro production of anchored skin equivalent is a new therapeutical option for burn patients. A skin equivalent is a combined culture of dermal and epidermal layers. The dermal layer provides important mechanical properties, such as tensile resistance and nonlinear elasticity, to the skin equivalent during its development. Prior to any in vivo human transplantation, the lensile properties of cutaneous equivalents have to be evaluated as a function of its structural components, in view of establishing the culture conditions leading to the best mechanical resistance and stretchability characteristics. However, the handling and clamping of skin equivalents are frequents are frequent causes of tearing and lack of repeatability in the measuring of tensile properties. A new indentation method involving a specially designed culture dish has been developed to minimize the risk of damage. Using this new culture dish, cutaneous equivalents were installed on an indentation apparatus. The central loading of a spherical tip was transmitted to the central area of a circular anchored cutaneous equivalent and was recorded with tip position. The tests were achieved at a constant low deflection rate of the tip. This new and accurate method gave repeatability in three central load-deflection characteristics of anchored dermal equivalent: the high-modulus (0.15 g mm−1), the central load of rupture (1.49 g), the rupture deflection (0.470 mm). This indentation test is expected to be an efficient tool in the evaluation of various skin equivalent models tensile properties.