Personne :
Asselin, Jérémie

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Asselin
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Jérémie
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Université Laval. Département de chimie
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ncf11891716
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Résultats de recherche

Voici les éléments 1 - 5 sur 5
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Thinking outside the shell : novel sensors designed from plasmon-enhanced fluorescent concentric nanoparticles
    (Cambridge Royal Society of Chemistry, 2020-08-20) Asselin, Jérémie; Picard-Lafond, Audrey; Boudreau, Denis; Fontaine, Nicolas
    The alteration of photophysical properties of fluorophores in the vicinity of a metallic nanostructure, a phenomenon termed plasmon- or metal-enhanced fluorescence (MEF), has been investigated extensively and used in a variety of proof-of-concept demonstrations over the years. A particularly active area of development in this regard has been the design of nanostructures where fluorophore and metallic core are held in a stable geometry that imparts improved luminosity and photostability to a plethora of organic fluorophores. This minireview presents an overview of MEF-based concentric core–shell sensors developed in the past few years. These architectures expand the range of applications of nanoparticles (NPs) beyond the uses possible with fluorescent molecules. Design aspects that are being described include the influence of the nanocomposite structure on MEF, notably the dependence of fluorescence intensity and lifetime on the distance to the plasmonic core. The chemical composition of nanocomposites as a design feature is also discussed, taking as an example the use of non-noble plasmonic metals such as indium as core materials to enhance multiple fluorophores throughout the UV-Vis range and tune the sensitivity of halide-sensing fluorophores operating on the principle of collisional quenching. Finally, the paper describes how various solid substrates can be functionalized with MEF-based nanosensors to bestow them with intense and photostable pH-sensitive properties for use in fields such as medical therapy and diagnostics, dentistry, biochemistry and microfluidics.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Développement et application de nano-architectures cœur-coquille fluorescentes pour la mesure du pH
    (2018) Asselin, Jérémie; Boudreau, Denis
    Les variations ioniques entrent en jeu dans presque tous les processus métaboliques cellulaires et bactériens. Par le fait même, leur dysfonctionnement induit une modification des concentrations attendues et provoque des maladies graves à même la solution physiologique ou le tissu biologique affecté. Parmi ces différents facteurs, le pH est un paramètre-clé régissant plusieurs activités comme la capacité enzymatique, la conformation tridimensionnelle des protéines et l’activation de certains transporteurs membranaires. Lors de ces travaux de doctorat, des nanoparticules fluorescentes sensibles au pH ont été développées et appliquées sous la forme d’un substrat lamellaire implantable directement dans l’environnement de culture de cellules. Ce nouvel outil analytique adapté pour la recherche biomédicale in vitro offre donc la possibilité de visualiser le pH en microscopie de façon quantitative avec une résolution spatiale (~1 μm) et temporelle (<300 ms). Pour ce faire, les nano-capteurs ont été optimisés dans le cadre d’une étude paramétrique structurale. Ces nanoparticules comportent un coeur métallique offrant une activité plasmonique qui permet d’exalter la fluorescence de chromophores incorporés dans une coquille de silice. La taille, la distance d’espacement, et le degré de recouvrement entre la bande plasmonique et le spectre d’excitation/émission de différents fluorophores ont donc été ajustés afin de rentabiliser la portée de l’effet amplificateur de ces architectures concentriques. Comme la chimie d’encapsulation des molécules sensibles est généralisable pour un grand nombre de précurseurs silanes, une démonstration a été faite pour un concept de nanoparticules multicouches permettant simultanément la détection multiélémentaire de la concentration en protons et en ions halogénure (Cl-, Br-, I-), et aussi la correction de ces signaux par rapport à une référence interne. La normalisation ratiométrique permet de compenser pour les fluctuations et erreurs expérimentales issues notamment de la concentration des capteurs, du photoblanchiment et de l’intensité de la source en fonction du temps. Finalement, cette stratégie a été appliquée dans une étude spectroscopique utilisant la fluorescéine dans des nanoparticules coeur-coquille en tant que rapporteur ratiométrique pour la mesure quantitative du pH dans des cultures cellulaires. Pour ce faire, les nano-architectures ont été fonctionnalisées, puis confinées en surface d’un substrat de silice par voie de couplage clic complémentaire. Ces lamelles de microscopie à valeur ajoutée offrent donc une surface adaptée pour la culture de cellules excitables comme les fibroblastes cardiaques et les neurones, mais aussi pour la croissance bactérienne de biofilms et l’analyse multiphase en microfluidique.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    A ratiometric nanoarchitecture for the simultaneous detection of pH and halide ions using UV plasmon-enhanced fluorescence
    (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016-12-15) Asselin, Jérémie; Boudreau, Denis; Fontaine, Nicolas; Lambert, Marie-Pier
    In this work, we designed a ratiometric core–shell nanoarchitecture composed of an indium UV plasmonic core, an internal reference (rhodamine B), a pH-sensitive probe (fluorescein), and a halide ion sensor (6-methoxyquinolinium). Immobilizing the fluorophores in distinct silica layers at precise distances from the core modulates the plasmon coupling and tunes the linear concentration range of halide ion detection.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Correlating metal-enhanced fluorescence and sructural properties in Ag@SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles
    (Springer Science + Business Media, 2016-03-12) Asselin, Jérémie; Legros, Philippe; Boudreau, Denis; Grégoire, Alexandre
    Metal@silica concentric nanoparticles capable of metal-enhanced fluorescence (MEF) represent a powerful means to improve the brightness and stability of encapsulated organic fluorophores and are finding numerous applications in biology, analytical chemistry, and medical diagnostics. The rational design of MEF-enabled labels and sensors often involves comparing fluorescence enhancement factors (EF) between nanostructures having different structural properties (e.g., metal core diameter, silica shell thickness, extent of spectral overlap between plasmon band and fluorophore). Accurate determination of EFs requires the measurement of fluorescence emission intensity in the presence and absence of the plasmonic core while minimizing the impact of physical and chemical artifacts (e.g., signal variations due to scattering, adsorption, sedimentation). In this work, Ag@SiO2@SiO2¿+¿x (where x is fluorescein, eosin, or rhodamine B) nanostructures were synthesized with excellent control of core size, silica spacer shell thickness and fluorophore concentration. Using UV-VIS spectrometry, spectrofluorimetry, time-resolved fluorometry, and transmission electron microscopy, we investigated the influence of these key structural factors on fluorescence emission intensity, and the results were used to develop a generalized methodology for the determination of fluorescence enhancement factors in Ag@SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles. This methodology should be of general importance to designing MEF-enabled nanostructures, sensors, and related analytical techniques.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Carbonic anhydrase XII in valve interstitial cells promotes the regression of calcific aortic valve stenosis.
    (Academic Press Inc, Ltd., 2016-03-11) Lachance, Dominic.; Bouchareb, Rihab; Asselin, Jérémie; Boudreau, Denis; Marette, André.; Boulanger, Marie-Chloé; Le Quang, Khai; Côté, Nancy.; Bossé, Yohan; Shayhidin, Elnur Elyar; Messaddeq, Younès; El Husseini, Diala; Mahmut, Ablajan; Pibarot, Philippe; Hadji, Fayez; Mathieu, Patrick
    Aims: Calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS) is the most common heart valve disease. In the present work we sought to determine the reversibility of mineralization in the aortic valve. Methods and results: By using in vitro analyses we found that valve interstitial cells (VICs) have the ability to resorb minerals. We documented that agonist of P2Y2 receptor (P2Y2R) promoted the expression of carbonic anhydrase XII (CAXII) at the cell membrane of VICs, whereby minerals are resorbed. P2Y2R-mediated mineral resorption was corroborated by using mouse VICs isolated from wild type and P2Y2R-/- mice. Measurements of extracellular pH (pHe) by using core–shell nanosensors revealed that P2Y2R-mediated CAXII export to the cell membrane led to an acidification of extracellular space, whereby minerals are resorbed. In vivo, we next treated LDLR-/-/ApoB100/100/IGF2 mice, which had developed CAVS under a high-fat/high-sucrose diet for 8 months, with 2-thioUTP (a P2Y2R agonist) or saline for the next 2 months. The administration of 2-thioUTP (2 mg/kg/day i.p.) reduced the mineral volume in the aortic valve measured with serial microCT analyses, which improved hemodynamics and reduced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Examination of leaflets at necropsy confirmed a lower level of mineralization and fibrosis along with higher levels of CAXII in mice under 2-thioUTP. In another series of experiment, the administration of acetazolamide (a CA inhibitor) prevented the acidification of leaflets and the regression of CAVS induced by 2-thioUTP in LDLR-/-/ApoB100/100/IGF2 mice. Conclusion: P2Y2R-mediated expression of CAXII by VICs acidifies the extracellular space and promotes the regression of CAVS.