Personne :
Therrien, Pierre

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Université Laval. Département de géologie et de génie géologique
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  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Simulating the impact of climate change on the groundwater resources of the Magdalen Islands, Québec, Canada
    (Elsevier B.V., 2015-03-01) Therrien, Pierre; Hassaoui, Jalil; Ouellet, Michel; Therrien, René; Lemieux, Jean-Michel; Molson, John W. H.
    Study region This study is conducted in the Magdalen Islands (Québec, Canada), a small archipelago located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Study focus This work was undertaken to support the design of a long-term groundwater monitoring network and for the sustainable management of groundwater resources. This study relies mostly on the compilation of existing data, but additional field work has also been carried out, allowing for the first time in the Magdalen Islands, direct observation of the depth and shape of the transition zone between freshwater and seawater under natural conditions. Simulations were conducted along a 2D cross-section on Grande Entrée Island in order to assess the individual and combined impacts of sea-level rise, coastal erosion and decreased groundwater recharge on the position of the saltwater–freshwater interface. The simulations were performed considering variable-density flow and solute transport under saturated-unsaturated conditions. The model was driven by observed and projected climate change scenarios to 2040 for the Magdalen Islands. New hydrological insights for the region The simulation results show that among the three impacts considered, the most important is sea-level rise, followed by decreasing groundwater recharge and coastal erosion. When combined, these impacts cause the saltwater–freshwater interface to migrate inland over a distance of 37 m and to rise by 6.5 m near the coast to 3.1 m further inland, over a 28-year period.
  • Publication
    Semi-automated filtering of data outliers to improve spatial analysis of piezometric data
    (Verlag Heinz Heise, 2015-04-19) Therrien, Pierre; Tremblay, Yohann; Comeau, Guillaume; Therrien, René; Talbot Poulin, Marie-Catherine; Lemieux, Jean-Michel; Fortier, Richard; Molson, John W. H.
    The identification and removal of data outliers remains a major challenge for spatial analysis of piezometric data. In this context, a simple semi-automated procedure for filtering outliers of depth to static water level was developed and used as a part of a regional groundwater-mapping project in the Québec Metropolitan Community, Québec, Canada. Following a few basic steps of data control, potential outliers were detected using two simple automated steps: (1) identifying water levels that are deeper than the 99th percentile of a high-reliability dataset compiled by groundwater professionals and assumed to adequately represent depths to static water level, and (2) using moving averages within a search radius of 250 m calculated around each well. All detected potential outliers were visually examined in a geographic information system and compared to neighbouring data before being kept or discarded. To evaluate the efficiency of the procedure, exploratory statistics, histograms and semi-variograms of the initial, intermediate and filtered datasets were compared to the high-reliability dataset. Objective interpolation was then performed using ordinary kriging. A cross-validation analysis showed a less biased and more accurate interpolation after applying the proposed outlier filtering procedure. Qualitative knowledge of the hydrogeological settings is an important component of this procedure which combines advantages of both manual and automated processing, making the procedure adaptive and easy to use. The final outcome of the proposed procedure is an improved interpolation map of depth to static water level along with minimised and low squared estimation errors.