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Carrasco, José Luis

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José Luis
Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec, Université Laval
Identifiant Canadiana

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  • Publication
    Myocardial injury after transaortic versus transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement
    (Little, Brown & Co.,, 2015-06-01) Campelo-Parada, Francisco; Dahou, Abdellaziz; Carrasco, José Luis; Dumont, Éric; Abdul-Jawad Altisent, Omar; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Le Ven, Florent; DeLarochellière, Robert; Mohammadi, Siamak; Paradis, Jean-Michel; Amat Santos, Ignacio J.; Doyle, Daniel; Del Trigo, Maria; Urena Alcazar, Marina; Pibarot, Philippe; Allende, Ricardo; Puri, Rishi; Barbosa Ribeiro, Henrique
    Background : The release of cardiac biomarkers of myocardial injury after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is common, but no data exist on patients undergoing TAVR through a transaortic approach. We aimed to evaluate the incidence and prognostic significance of the increase in cardiac biomarkers in nontransfemoral TAVR candidates, comparing transaortic and transapical approaches. Methods : After excluding patients deemed suitable for transfemoral TAVR, 251 consecutive patients (transaortic, 45; transapical, 206) were prospectively evaluated. Creatine kinase–myocardial band and cardiac troponin T levels were measured at baseline and at 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours after TAVR. Baseline and 6- to 12-month echocardiographic and clinical follow-up were performed. Results : After TAVR, cardiac troponin T increased above the upper normal values in all patients (peak value 0.64 µg/L [IQR, 0.39 to 1.03 µg/L]), whereas creatine kinase–myocardial band levels increased in 88% of patients (transaortic 51%, transapical 96%, p < 0.001; peak value 20.1 µg/L [interquartile range, 14.3 to 31.6 µg/L]). Compared with the transaortic approach, the transapical approach was associated with a greater rise in both cardiac biomarkers (p < 0.001 for both), and a lesser improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.058) and global longitudinal strain (p = 0.039) at 6- to 12-month follow-up. Greater increases of cardiac troponin T levels were independently associated with 30-day and 1-year overall and cardiovascular mortality (p < 0.001 for all). A 15-fold rise in cardiac troponin T levels was the optimal threshold for determining poorer outcomes (p < 0.001). Conclusions : Periprocedural TAVR-related myocardial injury in nontransfemoral candidates was demonstrated in all patients, but the transapical approach was associated with significantly greater myocardial injury compared with the transaortic approach. A higher degree of myocardial injury translated into reduced left ventricular function improvement and lower early and midterm survival rates.
  • Publication
    Effect of thoracic epidural analgesia on clinical outcomes following transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation
    (BMJ, 2012-11-01) Lemieux, Jérôme; Carrasco, José Luis; Dumont, Éric; Rheault, Michel; Côté, Mélanie; Villeneuve, Jacques; Nombela-Franco, Luis; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; DeLarochellière, Robert; Amat Santos, Ignacio J.; Simon, Mathieu; Lavigne, Dominique; Mok, Michael; Doyle, Daniel; Urena Alcazar, Marina; Pibarot, Philippe; Bourgault, Christine; Blackburn, Steve; Cohen, David J.; St-Pierre, André
    OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of perioperative thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) on acute and late outcomes following transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TA-TAVI). PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION: A total of 135 consecutive patients who underwent TA-TAVI were included. All patients received catheter-based pain control, either via TEA (TEA group, n=74) or intercostal local analgesia with a catheter placed at the surgical incision site (non-TEA group, n=61), depending on the preference of the anaesthesiologist responsible for the case. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain level during early postoperative period (verbal rating scale from 1 to 10), 30-day/in-hospital complications and mortality, and 1-year mortality. RESULTS: There were no differences in baseline or procedural characteristics between groups except for a lower left ventricular ejection fraction in the TEA group. The maximal pain score related to thoracotomy in the postoperative period was higher in the non-TEA group as compared with the TEA group (4 (IQR: 3-5)) vs 2 (IQR: 1-3), p<0.001). Non-TEA was associated with a higher rate of pulmonary complications (p<0.05 for nosocomial pneumonia, reintubation and tracheostomy). The 30-day/in-hospital mortality rate was higher in the non-TEA group (22.9% vs 2.7% in the TEA group, p<0.001). At 1-year follow-up, overall mortality remained higher in the non-TEA group (31.1%) compared with the TEA group (10.8%), p=0.005. Similar periprocedural and late results were obtained in a propensity score-matched analysis that included 100 matched patients. In the multivariable analysis, STS score (p=0.027) and absence of TEA (p=0.039) were independent predictors of increased cumulative late mortality. CONCLUSIONS: TEA provided superior analgesia following TA-TAVI, and was associated with a dramatic reduction in periprocedural respiratory complications, and both, short- and long-term mortality. These results highlight the importance of obtaining optimal analgesia following TA-TAVI to improve the results associated with this procedure.