Personne : Rodrigue, Denis
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Université Laval. Département de génie chimique
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- PublicationAccès libreLow velocity impact behaviour of asymmetric three-layer sandwich composite structures with and without foam core(RAPRA Technology, 2017-01-06) Rodrigue, Denis; Kavianiboroujeni, Azam; Cloutier, AlainThis paper presents an experimental investigation of the impact behaviour of three layer sandwich structures made of high density polyethylene (HDPE) and hemp, with and without a foam core. Low-velocity falling weight and Charpy impact tests were performed to investigate the influence of hemp content, skin thickness and core density. The strength, load, absorbed energy, and deflection histories were recorded and analysed and the damaged specimens were inspected to determine the failure patterns. Based on the Charpy impact results, the structures with foam core had higher energy absorption capabilities compared to their counterparts without foam core. In addition, based on the falling weight impact results the energy dissipation properties of sandwich structures without foam core were superior to the structures with foam core. This property was also greatly influenced by skin fibre content, skin thickness and structure configuration.
- PublicationRestreintCharacterization of UHMWPE/wood composites produced via dry-blending and compression molding(Wiley, 2013-03-08) Rodrigue, Denis; Cloutier, Alain; Mahfoudh, AbirIn this study, composites made from wood flour and ultra‐high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) were produced and characterized. In particular, the composites were initially prepared using a simple dry mixing technique and then compression molded. The effect of wood content on the mechanical properties was determined up to 30wt%. Characterization included scanning electron microscopy to investigate wood dispersion and interfacial bonding quality, while the mechanical tests included tensile, torsion, and flexion. The results show that good dispersion and adhesion was achieved and wood flour addition increased substantially (up to 97%) all the moduli in the range of conditions tested. Finally, it was found that hardness increased by about 5 Shore D points by adding 30% wood flour in UHMWPE. POLYM. COMPOS., 2013. © 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers
- PublicationRestreintMechanical characterization of asymmetric high density polyethylene/hemp composite sandwich panels with and without a foam core(Sage, 2015-07-24) Rodrigue, Denis; Kavianiboroujeni, Azam; Cloutier, AlainThis work investigates the effects of different design parameters such as hemp content in the skins (10–40% wt.), layer thickness (1 and 2 mm), and foaming agent content in the core (0% wt., 0.6% wt. and 1.2% wt.) on the flexural properties of three layer sandwich panels of hemp and high density polyethylene produced by compression molding. The results show that hemp content was the most significant parameter for the flexural properties of these panels. In addition, it was found that specific modulus and strength (per unit weight) were 30% and 36% higher when using a foam core, respectively.
- PublicationRestreintDesign analysis of three-layered structural composites based on post-consumer recycled plastics and wood residues(Elsevier, 2013-06-13) Rodrigue, Denis; Kazemi, Yasamin; Cloutier, AlainThree-layered structural composites were produced from municipal plastic wastes and wood flour residues to investigate the effects of design parameters on their flexural and impact performance. The studied parameters include wood content, thickness of individual composite layers, as well as stacking sequence and configuration (symmetric and asymmetric structures). The results indicate that the core layer has a lower influence on the flexural properties of structural beams in comparison with the skins. But depending on beam configuration (stacking sequence), different flexural characteristics can be obtained using the same composite layers. The classical beam theory was used to predict the flexural modulus with high precision. In addition, performance of the beams under impact tests was shown to be independent from their stacking sequences and layer thicknesses for each configuration.
- PublicationRestreintMechanical and morphological properties of wood plastic composites based on municipal plastic waste(Wiley, 2013-03-08) Rodrigue, Denis; Kazemi, Yasamin; Cloutier, AlainProduction and characterization of wood plastic composites (WPC) from the light fraction of municipal plastic wastes (post‐consumer) and wood processing residues (sawdust) were investigated. Composition analysis revealed the presence of polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) as the two main components of the matrix. In order to improve compatibility and adhesion between all the phases, an ethylene–octene copolymer was used to compatibilize the polymer phases and was also acting as an impact modifier, while the addition of maleated polyethylene and maleated polypropylene (MAPP) were acting as coupling agents between the polymer matrix and the wood flour. The combined effect of all the components was found to produce composites with interesting morphological (dispersion and adhesion) and mechanical properties (tension, torsion, flexion, and impact) after optimization of the additive package (blend of coupling agents).