Personne :
Goulet, Claude

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Goulet
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Claude
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Université Laval. Département d'éducation physique
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Voici les éléments 1 - 10 sur 40
  • Publication
    Restreint
    The challenges of adapting theory to practice
    (Elsevier, 2005-12-16) Goulet, Claude
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Effectiveness of helmets in skiers and snowboarders: case-control and case crossover study
    (British Medical Association, 2005-02-10) Hagel, Brent E.; Goulet, Claude; Pless, Ivan B. (Ivan Barry); Platt, Robert W.; Robitaille, Yvonne
    Objective: To determine the effect of helmets on the risk of head and neck injuries in skiers and snowboarders. Design: Matched case-control and case crossover study. Setting 19 ski areas in Quebec, Canada, November 2001 to April 2002. Participants: 1082 skiers and snowboarders (cases) with head and neck injuries reported by the ski patrol and 3295 skiers and snowboarders (controls) with non-head or non-neck injuries matched to cases at each hill. Main outcome measures: Estimates of matched odds ratios for the effect of helmet use on the risk of any head or neck injury and for people requiring evacuation by ambulance. Results: The adjusted odds ratio for helmet use in participants with any head injury was 0.71 (95% confidence interval 0.55 to 0.92), indicating a 29% reduction in the risk of head injury. For participants who required evacuation by ambulance for head injuries, the adjusted odds ratio for helmet use was 0.44 (0.24 to 0.81). Similar results occurred with the case crossover design (odds ratio 0.43, 0.09 to 1.83). The adjusted odds ratio for helmet use for participants with any neck injury was 0.62 (0.33 to 1.19) and for participants who required evacuation by ambulance for neck injuries it was 1.29 (0.41 to 4.04). Conclusions: Helmets protect skiers and snowboarders against head injuries. We cannot rule out the possibility of an increased risk of neck injury with helmet use, but the estimates on which this assumption is based are imprecise.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Promoting respect for the rules and injury prevention in ice hockey : evaluation of the Fair-Play program
    (Elsevier Australia, 2005-08-01) Brunelle, Jean-Pierre; Goulet, Claude; Arguin, Hélène
    Objective: To reduce the number of transgressions to the rule, the occurrence of violent acts and to prevent injuries. Hockey Québec adopted the Fair-Play Program (FPP). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the FPP. Methods: 52 Bantam (14–15 years) teams participated in this cohort study. In total, 49 games (13 with the FPP, 36 without FPP) were systematically assessed for transgressions to the rule. Body checking was allowed in all games. Transgressions to the rule data were obtained using a real time observation system in a natural setting, while injury data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analysed using generalised linear, models with generalised estimating equations accounting for potential team effect. Results: The number of penalties per game was significantly lower (p<0.01) for games played with the FPP. Overall, no difference was noted in the number of transgressions observed during games played with or without the FPP. Players in leagues where the FPP was used held their opponents more frequently (p<0.0001). On the other hand, players in leagues without the FPP showed and hit more (p=0.05). No difference was noted in the injury rate for games played with or without the FPP. Conclusions: This study showed that the FPP is one of the tools available to help those in the hockey world promote fair play values. Moreover, this project clearly showed the importance of program evaluation and the value of direct observation in a natural setting.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Determinants of restrictive dietary behaviors among female high school athletes
    (Paris Scholar Publishing, Ltd., 2015-09-01) Morissette, Éliane; Drapeau, Vicky; Goulet, Claude; Lamarche, Benoît; Couture, Steven; Laramée, Catherine; Valois, Pierre; Provencher, Véronique
    This study assessed the determinants of intention to adopt restrictive dietary behaviors to lose weight among high school female athletes. Methods: Female athletes (N = 255) and non-athlete controls (N = 91) completed a questionnaire based on the theory of planned behavior. Results: Intention to adopt restrictive dietary behaviors to lose weight, which had a prevalence of 22%-29% among athletes and controls, was correlated primarily with attitude towards this behavior (R2 = 45%, p < .0001). Attitude was in turn correlated with improvement in appearance (R2 = 37%, p < .0001). Conclusions: Improvement in appearance is a key belief to address in interventions aimed at decreasing the intention to use restrictive dietary behaviors to lose weight among adolescent female athletes.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Predictors of the use of performance-enhancing substances by young athletes
    (Raven Press, 2010-07-01) Goulet, Claude; Valois, Pierre; Buist, André; Côté, Mélanie
    Objectives: To document the use of performance-enhancing substances (PES) by young athletes and to identify associated factors. Design: Retrospective survey. Setting: Self-reported anonymous questionnaire. Participants: Three thousand five hundred seventy-three athletes (mean age, 15.5 years) from Quebec provincial teams run by organizations recognized by the Government of Quebec. Interventions: All subjects filled out a validated questionnaire on factors associated with the use of and the intention to use PES. Main Outcome Measures: The use of and intention to use PES. Results: In the 12 months before filling out the questionnaire, 25.8% of respondents admitted having attempted to improve their athletic performance by using 1 or more of 15 substances that were entirely prohibited or restricted by the International Olympic Committee. Multiple regression analyses showed that behavioral intention (ß = 0.34) was the main predictor of athletes' use of PES. Attitude (ß = 0.09), subjective norm (ß = 0.13), perceived facilitating factors (ß = 0.40), perceived moral obligation (ß = -0.18), and pressure from the athlete's entourage to gain weight (ß = 0.10) were positively associated with athletes' behavioral intention to use PES. Conclusions: This study provides evidence that supports the predicting value of the theory of planned behavior. Results suggest that the athlete's psychosocial environment has a significant impact on the decision to use PES and support the need to integrate this factor into the development and implementation of prevention interventions.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Cognitive styles of young ice hockey players
    (1984-12-01) Goulet, Claude; Talbot, Serge; Godin, Gaston; Drouin, Denis
    The Children's Embedded Figures Test was used to document field dependency among a group of 60 young French-Canadian hockey players enrolled in a structured ice hockey teaching program. The median age (8 yr., 4 mo.) was kept to form two age groups. Analysis of variance showed significant differences between age groups in total test scores and in both Tent and House series; the older children scored more field-independent.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Étude des blessures subies au cours de la pratique d’activités récréatives et sportives au Québec en 2004
    (Institut national de santé publique, 2006-10-05) Goulet, Claude; Hamel, Denis
    Introduction La Direction de la promotion de la sécurité (DPS) du ministère de l’Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport (MELS) est responsable de l’application de la Loi sur la sécurité dans les sports. En vertu de celle-ci, un des mandats de la DPS est de veiller à ce que la sécurité et l’intégrité des personnes soient assurées à l’occasion de la pratique d’activités de loisir et de sport. Plusieurs indicateurs requis pour déterminer l'ampleur du phénomène des blessures associées à la pratique des activités de loisir et de sport au Québec viennent de cette étude effectuée auprès de la population. L’étude a été réalisée conjointement par la DPS du MELS et l’Unité connaissancesurveillance de l’Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ). À la demande de la DPS, l’INSPQ était responsable de l’élaboration de la méthodologie et de l’analyse statistique des données. La firme SOM a été mandatée pour effectuer un sondage auprès de la population. La Direction générale de la santé publique du ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux a contribué financièrement à la réalisation de l’étude. Objectifs Les objectifs généraux de l’étude sont d’estimer la prévalence des traumatismes d’origine récréative et sportive (TORS) au Québec en 2004, selon l’activité pratiquée au moment de la survenue de la blessure. Méthodologie La population visée par l’étude est constituée de l’ensemble des personnes de 6 à 74 ans qui vivaient dans les ménages privés au Québec en 2004. Un plan d’échantillonnage complexe à deux degrés a été retenu. Au premier degré, les ménages ont été sélectionnés selon une répartition proportionnelle dans trois strates géographiques : la région métropolitaine de recensement (RMR) de Montréal, les autres RMR du Québec et le reste du Québec. Au deuxième degré, une procédure complexe a permis d’interroger aléatoirement au maximum un adulte par ménage avec des probabilités inégales (probabilité de 85 % pour les 18 à 34 ans; probabilité de 56 % pour les 35 à 74 ans) et de procéder à un recensement systématique des enfants de 6 à 17 ans du ménage. Dans le cas d’un ménage comprenant des jeunes de 6 à 17 ans, un adulte de ce ménage était invité à répondre pour tous ces jeunes. Cette façon de faire a permis de suréchantillonner les personnes les plus actives et qui représentent le bassin potentiel le plus important de blessés associés aux activités sportives et récréatives. Le taux de réponse global a été de 64 % (5 502 adultes et 3 480 enfants dans 8 679 ménages). Un TORS était défini comme toute blessure ayant nécessité la consultation d’un professionnel de la santé au cours des douze mois précédant le moment de l’entrevue. L’étude a permis d’estimer que 514 000 personnes âgées de 6 à 74 ans ont subi un TORS au Québec en 2004. Le taux global de personnes blessées est de 88/1 000 participants (intervalle de confiance [IC] à 95 % de 81 à 96). Chez les hommes, le taux de blessés est de 112/1 000 (IC à 95 % de 100 à 124), alors qu’il est de 66/1 000 (IC à 95 % de 57 à 74) chez les femmes. Les taux de blessés les plus élevés sont observés dans les groupes d’âge de 12 à 17 ans et de 18 à 24 ans, avec respectivement 146/1 000 participants (IC à 95 % de 129 à 163) et 145/1 000 (IC à 95 % de 117 à 172). Les activités les plus souvent pratiquées au moment où la blessure est survenue sont la marche à des fins d’exercice (74 000 blessés), le conditionnement physique (64 000 blessés), le hockey sur glace (53 000 blessés), le vélo (38 000 blessés) et la course à pied ou jogging (36 000 blessés). Les activités qui présentent les plus hauts taux de blessures sont le football (84/1 000; IC à 95 % de 48 à 120), le hockey sur glace (79/1 000; IC à 95 % de 57 à 100), le surf des neiges (66/1 000; IC à 95 % de 44 à 87) et les sports de combat (61/1 000; IC à 95 % de 36 à 86). Conclusion Les résultats de cette étude démontrent bien l’importance des TORS comme problème de santé publique. Ils suggèrent également que les futures stratégies de promotion de la sécurité et de prévention des blessures devraient cibler en priorité les groupes de personnes ayant les plus hauts taux de blessures (les personnes de 12 à 24 ans) et les activités les plus à risque.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Evaluation of a theory-based intervention aimed at reducing intention to use restrictive dietary behaviors among adolescent female athletes
    (Elsevier, 2017-06-07) Drapeau, Vicky; Goulet, Claude; Jacob, Raphaëlle; Lamarche, Benoît; Laramée, Catherine; Valois, Pierre; Provencher, Véronique
    Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a theory-based intervention to reduce the intention to use restrictive dietary behaviors for losing weight among adolescent female athletes involved in aesthetic sports. Design Cluster-randomized controlled trial. Setting Aesthetic sport teams of adolescent female athletes aged 12–17 years. Participants Two teams (n = 37 athletes) in the intervention group and 3 teams (n = 33) in the comparison group. Interventions The 2 groups received nutrition education during 3 weekly 60-minute sessions. The intervention group was further exposed to a theory-based intervention targeting the specific determinant of intention to use restrictive dietary behaviors for losing weight, namely attitude. Main Outcome Measures Difference over time between groups in intention to use restrictive dietary behaviors for losing weight and in nutrition knowledge. Analysis Mixed models for repeated measures. Results The theory-based intervention contributed to maintaining a low intention of using restrictive dietary behaviors for losing weight over time in the intervention group compared with the comparison group (P < .03). Nutrition knowledge score increased equally in both groups. Conclusion and Implications Complementing nutrition education with theory-based behavior change intervention may help maintain a low intention of using restrictive dietary behaviors for losing weight among female high school athletes involved in aesthetic sports.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Effect of structured ice hockey training on scores on field-dependence/independence
    (Southern Universities Press, 1988-02-01) Goulet, Claude; Talbot, Serge; Trudel, Pierre; Drouin, Denis
    The aim of the present study is to test two hypotheses, (1) Witkin and Goodenough's 1982 assumption that participation in a structured physical activity increases field-independence and (2) that subjects characterized by high field-independence would show greater gains than subjects with high field-dependence on ice hockey skills. An adaptation of Oltman, Raskin, and Witkin's Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) was given to measure field-dependency and standardized tests were used to evaluate the players' skill. An experimental group of 26 boys (M = 11.27 yr.) were members of an ice hockey training program; 18 boys of a control group (M = 11.93 yr.) participated in no programmed physical activity. A pretest (field-dependency and skill) was administered 21 weeks prior to the posttest; no significant differences were found for scores on embedded figures between groups; Witkin and Goodenough's hypothesis was not supported, but field-independent subjects tended to learn more.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Injuries among skiers and snowboarders in Quebec
    (Ovid, 2004-05-01) Hagel, Brent E.; Goulet, Claude; Platt, Robert W.; Pless, Ivan B.
    Background: Snow sports such as skiing and snowboarding are recognized as hazardous, but population-based injury rates or specific risk factors have been difficult to estimate as a result of a lack of complete data for both numerator and denominator. Methods: We used data from 3 surveys to estimate the number of participants and annual number of outings in Quebec by age, sex, activity, and calendar year. Injuries reported by ski patrollers were used to estimate injury rates among skiers and snowboarders for the head and neck, trunk, upper extremity, and lower extremity. Results: Head–neck and trunk injury rates increased over time from 1995–1996 to 1999–2000. There was a steady increase in the rate of injury with younger age for all body regions. The rate of head–neck injury was 50% higher in snowboarders than in skiers (adjusted rate ratio [ARR] = 1.5; 95% confidence interval = 1.3–1.8). Women and girls had a lower rate of head–neck injury (0.73; 0.62–0.87). Snowboarders were twice as likely as skiers to have injuries of the trunk (2.1; 1.7–2.6), and more than 3 times as likely to have injuries of the upper extremities (3.4; 2.9–4.1). Snowboarders had a lower rate of injury only of the lower extremities (0.79; 0.66–0.95). Snowboarder collision-related injury rates increased substantially over time. Conclusions: Except for lower extremity injuries, snowboarders have a higher rate of injuries than skiers. Furthermore, collision-related injury rates have increased over time for snowboarders. Targeted injury prevention strategies in this group seem justified.