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Guzzetti, Ezequiel

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Ezequiel
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Université Laval
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Voici les éléments 1 - 9 sur 9
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Left ventricular asymmetric remodeling and subclinical left ventricular dysfunction in patients with calcific aortic valve stenosis : results from a subanalysis of the PROGRESSA study
    (Elsevier Science Publishers, 2021-03-13) Clisson, Marine; Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Bernard, Jérémy; Larose, Éric; Shen, Mylène; Bédard, Élisabeth; Côté, Nancy; Capoulade, Romain; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Tastet, Lionel; Arsenault, Marie
    Background: LV asymmetric remodeling (LVAR) is a feature commonly found in AS patients and it is presumed to be mainly related to the severity of valve stenosis. The aim of this study was to determine the associated factors and impact on left ventricular (LV) systolic function of LVAR in patients with mild and moderate aortic valve stenosis (AS). Methods: Clinical, Doppler-echocardiographic and computed-tomographic data of 155 AS patients with preserved LV ejection fraction (≥50%) prospectively recruited in the PROGRESSA study (NCT01679431) were analyzed. LVAR was defined as a septal wall thickness ≥ 13 mm and a ratio of septal/posterior wall thickness > 1.5. LV global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS) was available in 129 patients. Plasma levels of N-terminal natriuretic B-type peptides (Nt-proBNP) were also measured. Results: Mean age was 63 ± 15 years (70% men). LVAR was present in 21% (n = 33) of patients. A series of nested multivariate analysis revealed that age was the only factor associated with LVAR (all p ≤ 0.03). Additionally, these patients had higher baseline Nt-proBNP ratio (median [25–75 percentiles]: 1.04 [0.66–2.41] vs. 0.65 [0.33–1.19], p = 0.02), and significantly reduced LV-GLS (17.9[16.6–19.5] vs. 19.3[17.4–20.7] |%|, p = 0.04). A 1:1 matched analysis showed a significant association of LVAR with reduced LV-GLS (17.9[16.6–19.5] vs. 19.8[18.1–20.7] |%|, p = 0.02) and elevated Nt-proBNP (134[86–348] vs. 83[50–179]pg/ml, p = 0.03). Multivariable analysis also revealed that LVAR remains significantly associated with reduced LV-GLS (p = 0.03) and elevated Nt-proBNP (p = 0.001). LVAR was significantly associated with increased risk of major adverse cardiac events and death (Hazard ratio [95% confidence interval]: 2.32[1.28–4.22], p = 0.006). Conclusions: LVAR was found in ~20% of patients with mild or moderate AS and was not related to the degree of AS severity or concomitant comorbidities, but rather to older age. LVAR was significantly associated with reduced LV longitudinal systolic function, increased Nt-proBNP levels, and higher risk of major adverse events and death. These findings provide support for closer clinical and echocardiographic surveillance of patients harboring this adverse LV remodeling feature.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Sex-related differences in the extent of myocardial fibrosis in patients with aortic valve stenosis
    (American College of Cardiology Foundation, 2018-09-22) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Kwiecinski, Jacek; Larose, Éric; Shen, Mylène; Bédard, Élisabeth; Everett, Russell J.; Capoulade, Romain; Newby, David E.; Beaudoin, Jonathan; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Tastet, Lionel; Arsenault, Marie; Dweck, Marc
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Validation of aortic valve calcium quantification thresholds measured by computed tomography in Asian patients with calcific aortic stenosis
    (Oxford University Press, 2021-06-25) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Oh, Kyung Jin; Shen, Mylène; Pibarot, Philippe; Dweck, Marc R.; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Poh, Kian Keong; Tastet, Lionel; Abbas, Amr E.; Mando, Ramy; Pressman, Gregg; Brito, Daniel; Pawade, Tania; Falconi, Mariano Luis; Arenaza, Diego Perez de; Kong, William
    Aims Sex-specific thresholds of aortic valve calcification (AVC) have been proposed and validated in Caucasians. Thus, we aimed to validate their accuracy in Asians. Methods and results Patients with calcific aortic stenosis (AS) from seven international centres were included. Exclusion criteria were ≥moderate aortic/mitral regurgitation and bicuspid valve. Optimal AVC and AVC-density sex-specific thresholds for severe AS were obtained in concordant grading and normal flow patients (CG/NF). We included 1263 patients [728 (57%) Asians, 573 (45%) women, 837 (66%) with CG/NF]. Mean gradient was 48 (26–64) mmHg and peak aortic velocity 4.5 (3.4–5.1) m/s. Optimal AVC thresholds were: 2145 Agatston Units (AU) in men and 1301 AU in women for Asians; and 1885 AU in men and 1129 AU in women for Caucasians. Overall, accuracy (% correctly classified) was high and comparable either using optimal or guidelines’ thresholds (2000 AU in men, 1200 AU in women). However, accuracy was lower in Asian women vs. Caucasian women (76–78% vs. 94–95%; P < 0.001). Accuracy of AVC-density (476 AU/cm2 in men and 292 AU/cm2 in women) was comparable to absolute AVC in Caucasians (91% vs. 91%, respectively, P = 0.74), but higher than absolute AVC in Asians (87% vs. 81%, P < 0.001). There was no interaction between AVC/AVC-density and ethnicity (all P > 0.41) with regards to AS haemodynamic severity. Conclusion AVC thresholds defining severe AS are comparable in Asian and Caucasian populations, and similar to those proposed in the guidelines. However, accuracy of AVC to identify severe AS in Asians (especially women) is sub-optimal. Therefore, the use of AVC-density is preferable in Asians.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Sex-related differences in the extent of myocardial fibrosis in patients with aortic valve stenosis
    (American College of Cardiology, 2019-08-14) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Kwiecinski, Jacek; Larose, Éric; Shen, Mylène; Bédard, Élisabeth; Everett, Russell J.; Capoulade, Romain; Newby, David E.; Beaudoin, Jonathan; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Tastet, Lionel; Arsenault, Marie; Dweck, Marc
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of sex on myocardial fibrosis as assessed by using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in aortic stenosis (AS). Background: Previous studies reported sex-related differences in the left ventricular (LV) remodeling response to pressure overload in AS. However, there are very few data regarding the effect of sex on myocardial fibrosis, a key marker of LV decompensation and adverse cardiac events in AS. Methods: A total of 249 patients (mean age 66 ± 13 years; 30% women) with at least mild AS were recruited from 2 prospective observational cohort studies and underwent comprehensive Doppler echocardiography and CMR examinations. On CMR, T1 mapping was used to quantify extracellular volume (ECV) fraction as a marker of diffuse fibrosis, and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) was used to assess focal fibrosis. Results: There was no difference in age between women and men (age 66 ± 15 years vs 66 ± 12 years; p = 0.78). However, women presented with a better cardiovascular risk profile than men with less hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and coronary artery disease (all, p ≤ 0.10). As expected, LV mass index measured by CMR imaging was smaller in women than in men (p < 0.0001). Despite fewer comorbidities, women presented with larger ECV fraction (median: 29.0% [25th to 75th percentiles: 27.4% to 30.6%] vs. 26.8% [25th to 75th percentiles: 25.1% to 28.7%]; p < 0.0001) and similar LGE (median: 4.5% [25th–75th percentiles: 2.3% to 7.0%] vs. 2.8% [25th–75th percentiles: 0.6% to 6.8%]; p = 0.20) than men. In multivariable analysis, female sex remained an independent determinant of higher ECV fraction and LGE (all, p ≤ 0.05). Conclusions: Women have greater diffuse and focal myocardial fibrosis independent of the degree of AS severity. These findings further emphasize the sex-related differences in LV remodeling response to pressure overload.
  • Publication
    Restreint
    Estimation of stroke volume and aortic valve area in patients with aortic stenosis : a comparison of echocardiography versus cardiovascular magnetic resonance
    (Elsevier, 2020-06-21) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Garcia, Julio; Larose, Éric; Le Ven, Florent; Capoulade, Romain; Pibarot, Philippe; Bédard, Élisabeth; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Tastet, Lionel; Arsenault, Marie
    Background: In aortic stenosis, accurate measurement of left ventricular stroke volume (SV) is essential for the calculation of aortic valve area (AVA) and the assessment of flow status. Current American Society of Echocardiography and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging guidelines suggest that measurements of left ventricular outflow tract diameter (LVOTd) at different levels (at the annulus vs 5 or 10 mm below) yield similar measures of SV and AVA. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the location of LVOTd measurement on the accuracy of SV and AVA measured on transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) compared with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Methods: One hundred six patients with aortic stenosis underwent both TTE and CMR. SV was estimated on TTE using the continuity equation with LVOTd measurements at four locations: at the annulus and 2, 5, and 10 mm below annulus. SV was also determined on CMR using phase contrast acquired in the aorta (SVCMR-PC), and a hybrid AVACMR-PC was calculated by diving SVCMR-PC by the transthoracic echocardiographic Doppler aortic velocity-time integral. Comparison between methods was made using Bland-Altman analysis. Results: Compared with the referent method of phase-contrast CMR for the estimation of SVCMR-PC and AVACMR-PC (SVCMR-PC 83 6 16 mL, AVACMR-PC 1.27 6 0.35 cm2 ), the best agreement was obtained by measuring LVOTd at the annulus or 2 mm below (P = NS), whereas measuring 5 and 10 mm below the annulus resulted in significant underestimation of SV and AVA by up to 15.9 6 17.3 mL and 0.24 6 0.28 cm2 , respectively (P < .01 for all). Accuracy for classification of low flow was best at the annulus (86%) and 2 mm below (82%), whereas measuring 5 and 10 mm below the annulus significantly underperformed (69% and 61%, respectively, P < .001). Conclusions: Measuring LVOTd at the annulus or very close to it provides the most accurate measures of SV and AVA, whereas measuring LVOTd 5 or 10 mm below significantly underestimates these parameters and leads to significant overestimation of the severity of aortic stenosis and prevalence of low-flow status.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Impact of metabolic syndrome and/or diabetes mellitus on left ventricular mass and remodeling in patients with aortic stenosis before and after aortic valve replacement
    (ScienceDirect, 2019-01-01) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Shen, Mylène; Voisine, Pierre; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Poirier, Paul; Piché, Marie-Eve; Zenses, Anne-Sophie; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Ong, Géraldine; Dagenais, François.; Tastet, Lionel; Salaun, Erwan
    Background: In aortic stenosis (AS), metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are associated with more pronounced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and more concentric remodeling. We aimed to assess the impact of MetS and DM on left ventricular (LV) mass, remodeling and LV mass regression after aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with severe AS. Method: We included 177 patients with severe AS and preserved LVEF (>50%). All patients had comprehensive echocardiography before and one year after AVR. Results: Twenty-seven percent (27%) of patients had MetS, 21% DM and 52% neither MetS nor DM (No MetS-DM). Prior to AVR, indexed LV mass (LVMi) was higher in MetS and DM groups compared to NoMetS-DM group (56.1±14.2, 56.2±18.2 vs. 49.2±14.1 g/m2.7 respectively; p<0.01). Prevalence of LV hypertrophy was higher in MetS and DM than in NoMetS-DM patients (66%, 65% vs 44%, p<0.01) as well as LV mass to-end-diastolic volume ratio (2.10±0.44 and 2.21±0.63 vs 1.96±0.41 g/ml respectively, p=0.03). One year after AVR, decrease in LVMi was significant (p<0.001) in all 3 groups. DM and MetS were independently associated with higher baseline LVMi (p<0.05). MetS was independently associated with less LVM regression and higher LVMi 1 year after AVR. MetS and DM groups showed more residual LV hypertrophy than NoMetS-DM patients (57%, 38% and 17%, p<0.01). Conclusions: MetS and DM were independently associated with a higher preoperative LVMi and more concentric remodeling. One year after AVR, MetS was associated with less LVMi regression and higher LVMi. MetS and DM patients remained with more residual LV hypertrophy
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Effect of regional upper septal hypertrophy on echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular mass and remodeling in aortic stenosis
    (ScienceDirect, 2020-10-14) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Garcia, Julio; Larose, Éric; Shen, Mylène; Le Ven, Florent; Bédard, Élisabeth; Capoulade, Romain; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Tastet, Lionel; Arsenault, Marie
    Background: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the reference method for evaluation of aortic stenosis (AS), and it is extensively used to quantitate left ventricular (LV) mass and volumes. Regional upper septal hypertrophy (USH) or septal bulge is a frequent finding in patients with AS and may lead to overestimation of LV mass when using linear measurements. The objective of this study was to compare estimates of LV mass obtained by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic LV dimensions measured at different levels of the LV cavity with those obtained by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Methods: One hundred six patients (mean age, 63 ± 15 years; 68% men) with AS were included in this subanalysis of the PROGRESSA study. Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic measurements of LV dimensions were obtained at the basal level (BL; as recommended in guidelines), immediately below the septal bulge (BSB), and at a midventricular level (ML). Regional USH was defined as a basal interventricular septal thickness ≥ 13 mm and >1.3 times the thickness of the septal wall at the ML. Agreement between transthoracic echocardiographic and CMR measures was evaluated using Bland-Altman analysis. Results: The distribution of AS severity was mild in 23%, moderate in 57%, and severe in 20% of patients. Regional USH was present in 28 patients (26%). In the whole cohort, two-dimensional TTE overestimated LV mass (bias: BL, +60 ± 31 g; BSB, +59 ± 32 g; ML, +54 ± 32 g; P = .02). The biplane Simpson method slightly but significantly underestimated LV end-diastolic volume (bias -10 ± 20 mL, P < .001) compared with CMR. Overestimation of LV mass was more marked in patients with USH when measuring at the BL and was significantly lower when measuring LV dimensions at the ML (P < .025 vs BL and BSB). Conclusions: Two-dimensional TTE systematically overestimated LV mass and underestimated LV volumes compared with CMR. However, the bias between TTE and CMR was less important when measuring at the ML. Measurements at the BL as suggested in guidelines should be avoided, and measurements at the ML should be preferred in patients with AS, especially in those with USH.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Prevalence of left ventricle non-compaction criteria in adult patients with bicuspid aortic valve versus healthy control subjects
    (BMJ Publishing Group, 2018-10-07) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Tizón-Marcos, Helena; Larose, Éric; Shen, Mylène; Le Ven, Florent; Chetaille, Philippe; Bédard, Élisabeth; Capoulade, Romain; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Tastet, Lionel; Salaun, Erwan; Arsenault, Marie
    Objective The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of left ventricle non-compaction (LVNC) criteria (or hypertrabeculation) in a cohort of patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and healthy control subjects (CTL) without cardiovascular disease using cardiovascular MR (CMR). Methods 79 patients with BAV and 85 CTL with tricuspid aortic valve and free of known cardiovascular disease underwent CMR to evaluate the presence of LVNC criteria. The left ventricle was assessed at end-systole and end-diastole, in the short-axis, two-chamber and four-chamber views and divided into the 16 standardised myocardial segments. LVNC was assessed using the non-compacted/compacted (NC/C) myocardium ratio and was considered to be present if at least one of the myocardial segments had a NC/C ratio superior to the cut-off values defined in previous studies: Jenni et al (>2.0 end-systole); Petersen et al (>2.3 end-diastole); or Fazio et al (>2.5 end-diastole). Results 15 CTL (17.6%) vs 8 BAV (10.1%) fulfilled Jenni et al’s criterion; 69 CTL (81.2%) vs 49 BAV (62.0%) fulfilled Petersen et al’s criterion; and 66 CTL (77.6%) vs 43 BAV (54.4%) fulfilled Fazio et al’s criterion. Petersen et al and Fazio et al’s LVNC criteria were met more often by CTL (p=0.006 and p=0.002, respectively) than patients with BAV, whereas this difference was not statistically significant according to Jenni et al’s criterion (p=0.17). In multivariable analyses, after adjusting for age, sex, the presence of significant valve dysfunction (>mild stenosis or >mild regurgitation), indexed LV mass, indexed LV end-diastolic volume and LV ejection fraction, BAV was not associated with any of the three LVNC criteria. Conclusion Patients with BAV do not harbour more LVNC than the general population and there is no evidence that they are at higher risk for the development of LVNC cardiomyopathy.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Accuracy of stroke volume measurement with phase-contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance in patients with aortic stenosis
    (Marcel Dekker, 2021-11-04) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Racine, Hugo‑Pierre; Larose, Éric; Shen, Mylène; Beaudoin, Jonathan; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Tastet, Lionel
    Background: Phase contrast (PC) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in the ascending aorta (AAo) is widely used to calculate left ventricular (LV) stroke volume (SV). The accuracy of PC CMR may be altered by turbulent fow. Measurement of SV at another site is suggested in the presence of aortic stenosis, but very few data validates the accuracy or inaccuracy of PC in that setting. Our objective is to compare fow measurements obtained in the AAo and LV outfow tract (LVOT) in patients with aortic stenosis. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients with aortic stenosis who had CMR and echocardiography. Patients with mitral regurgitation were excluded. PC in the AAo and LVOT were acquired to derive SV. LV SV from end-systolic and end-diastolic tracings was used as the reference measure. A diference≥10% between the volumetric method and PC derived SVs was considered discordant. Metrics of turbulence and jet eccentricity were assessed to explore the predictors of discordant measurements. Results: We included 88 patients, 41% with bicuspid aortic valve. LVOT SV was concordant with the volumetric method in 79 (90%) patients vs 52 (59%) patients for AAo SV (p=0.015). In multivariate analysis, aortic stenosis fow jet angle was a strong predictor of discordant measurement in the AAo (p=0.003). Mathematical correction for the jet angle improved the concordance from 59 to 91%. Concordance was comparable in patients with bicuspid and trileafet valves (57% and 62% concordance respectively; p=0.11). Accuracy of SV measured in the LVOT was not infuenced by jet eccentricity. For aortic regurgitation quantifcation, PC in the AAo had better correlation to volumetric assessments than LVOT PC. Conclusion: LVOT PC SV in patients with aortic stenosis and eccentric jet might be more accurate compared to the AAo SV. Mathematical correction for the jet angle in the AAo might be another alternative to improve accuracy.