Personne : Guzzetti, Ezequiel
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- PublicationRestreintParavalvular regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Is the problem solved?(Elsevier, 2018-10-01) Dahou, Abdellaziz; Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Toubal, Oumhani; Ong, Géraldine; Salaun, ErwanParavalvular regurgitation is a frequent complication after transcatheter aortic valve replacement and its association with worse outcomes depends on the degree of its severity. Despite substantial improvement in transcatheter heart valve design, sizing and implantation technique, moderate or severe paravalvular regurgitation still occurs in 2% to 7% of patients and is associated with a more than 2-fold increase in mortality. This review provides a state-of-the-art approach to (i) paravalvular regurgitation prevention by optimizing patient selection, valve sizing, and positioning and (ii) the detection, quantitation and management of paravalvular regurgitation during and after valve implantation.
- PublicationAccès libreTransvalvular flow, sex, and survival after valve replacement surgery in patients with severe aortic stenosis(Elsevier, 2020-04-28) Bilodeau, Anthony; Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Kalavrouziotis, Dimitri; Zhang, Bin; Couture, Christian; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Dagenais, François.Background : The respective impacts of transvalvular flow, gradient, sex, and their interactions on mortality in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) are unknown. Objectives : This study sought to compare the impact of pre-operative flow-gradient patterns on mortality after AVR and to examine whether there are sex differences. Methods : This study analyzed clinical, echocardiographic, and outcome data prospectively collected in 1,490 patients (544 women [37%]), with severe aortic stenosis and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction who underwent AVR. Results : In this cohort, 601 patients (40%) had normal flow (NF) with high gradient (HG), 405 (27%) NF with low gradient (LG), 246 (17%) paradoxical low flow (LF)/HG, and 238 (16%) LF/LG. During a median follow-up of 2.42 years (interquartile range: 1.04 to 4.29 years), 167 patients died. Patients with LF/HG exhibited the highest mortality after AVR (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.01; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.33 to 3.03; p < 0.01), which remained significant after multivariate adjustment (HR: 1.96; 95% CI: 1.29 to 2.98; p < 0.01). Both LF/LG and NF/LG patients had comparable outcome to NF/HG (p ≥ 0.47). Optimal thresholds of stroke volume index were obtained for men (40 ml/m2) and women (32 ml/m2). Using these sex-specific cutpoints, paradoxical LF was independently associated with increased mortality in both women (adjusted HR: 2.05; 95% CI: 1.21 to 3.47; p < 0.01) and men (adjusted HR: 1.54; 95% CI: 1.02 to 2.32; p = 0.042), whereas guidelines’ threshold (35 ml/m2) does not. Conclusions : Paradoxical LF/HG was associated with higher mortality following AVR, suggesting that a reduced flow is a marker of disease severity even in patients with HG aortic stenosis. Early surgical AVR (i.e., before gradient attains 40 mm Hg) might be preferable in these patients. Furthermore, the use of sex-specific thresholds (<40 ml/m2 for men and <32 ml/m2 for women) to define low-flow outperforms the guidelines’ threshold of 35 ml/m2 in risk stratification after AVR.
- PublicationRestreintClinical value of stress transaortic flow rate during dobutamine echocardiography in reduced left ventricular ejection fraction(Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2021-11-08) Vamvakidou, Anastasia; Dahou, Abdellaziz; Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Plonska-Gosciniak, Edyta; Pibarot, Philippe; Almeida, Ana G.; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Burwash, Ian G.; Koschutnik, Matthias; Bartko, Philipp E.; Bergler-Klein, Jutta; Mascherbauer, Julia; Orwat, Stefan; Baumgartner, Helmut; Cavalcante, João L.; Pinto, Fausto J.; Kukulski, Tomasz; Kasprzak, Jaroslaw D.; Flachskampf, Frank A.; Senior, RoxyBackground: Low rest transaortic flow rate (FR) has been shown previously to predict mortality in low-gradient aortic stenosis. However limited prognostic data exists on stress FR during low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography. We aimed to assess the value of stress FR for the detection of aortic valve stenosis (AS) severity and the prediction of mortality. Methods: This is a multicenter cohort study of patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction and low-gradient aortic stenosis (aortic valve area <1 cm2 and mean gradient <40 mm Hg) who underwent low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography to identify the AS severity and presence of flow reserve. The outcome assessed was all-cause mortality. Results: Of the 287 patients (mean age, 75±10 years; males, 71%; left ventricular ejection fraction, 31±10%) over a mean follow-up of 24±30 months there were 127 (44.3%) deaths and 147 (51.2%) patients underwent aortic valve intervention. Higher stress FR was independently associated with reduced risk of mortality (hazard ratio, 0.97 [95% CI, 0.94–0.99]; P=0.01) after adjusting for age, chronic kidney disease, heart failure symptoms, aortic valve intervention, and rest left ventricular ejection fraction. The minimum cutoff for prediction of mortality was stress FR 210 mL/s. Following adjustment to the same important clinical and echocardiographic parameters, among the three criteria of AS severity during stress, ie, the guideline definition of aortic valve area <1cm2 and aortic valve mean gradient ≥40 mm Hg, or aortic valve mean gradient ≥40 mm Hg, or the novel definition of aortic valve area <1 cm2 at stress FR ≥210 mL/s, only the latter was independently associated with mortality (hazard ratio, 1.72 [95% CI, 1.05–2.82]; P=0.03). Furthermore aortic valve area <1cm2 at stress FR ≥210 mL/s was the only severe aortic stenosis criterion that was associated with improved outcome following aortic valve intervention (P<0.001). Guideline-defined stroke volume flow reserve did not predict mortality. Conclusions: Stress FR during low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography was useful for the detection of both AS severity and flow reserve and was associated with improved prediction of outcome following aortic valve intervention.
- PublicationAccès libreImpact of metabolic syndrome and/or diabetes mellitus on left ventricular mass and remodeling in patients with aortic stenosis before and after aortic valve replacement(ScienceDirect, 2019-01-01) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Shen, Mylène; Voisine, Pierre; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Poirier, Paul; Piché, Marie-Eve; Zenses, Anne-Sophie; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Ong, Géraldine; Dagenais, François.; Tastet, Lionel; Salaun, ErwanBackground: In aortic stenosis (AS), metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are associated with more pronounced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and more concentric remodeling. We aimed to assess the impact of MetS and DM on left ventricular (LV) mass, remodeling and LV mass regression after aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with severe AS. Method: We included 177 patients with severe AS and preserved LVEF (>50%). All patients had comprehensive echocardiography before and one year after AVR. Results: Twenty-seven percent (27%) of patients had MetS, 21% DM and 52% neither MetS nor DM (No MetS-DM). Prior to AVR, indexed LV mass (LVMi) was higher in MetS and DM groups compared to NoMetS-DM group (56.1±14.2, 56.2±18.2 vs. 49.2±14.1 g/m2.7 respectively; p<0.01). Prevalence of LV hypertrophy was higher in MetS and DM than in NoMetS-DM patients (66%, 65% vs 44%, p<0.01) as well as LV mass to-end-diastolic volume ratio (2.10±0.44 and 2.21±0.63 vs 1.96±0.41 g/ml respectively, p=0.03). One year after AVR, decrease in LVMi was significant (p<0.001) in all 3 groups. DM and MetS were independently associated with higher baseline LVMi (p<0.05). MetS was independently associated with less LVM regression and higher LVMi 1 year after AVR. MetS and DM groups showed more residual LV hypertrophy than NoMetS-DM patients (57%, 38% and 17%, p<0.01). Conclusions: MetS and DM were independently associated with a higher preoperative LVMi and more concentric remodeling. One year after AVR, MetS was associated with less LVMi regression and higher LVMi. MetS and DM patients remained with more residual LV hypertrophy
- PublicationAccès libreEffect of regional upper septal hypertrophy on echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular mass and remodeling in aortic stenosis(ScienceDirect, 2020-10-14) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Garcia, Julio; Larose, Éric; Shen, Mylène; Le Ven, Florent; Bédard, Élisabeth; Capoulade, Romain; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Tastet, Lionel; Arsenault, MarieBackground: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the reference method for evaluation of aortic stenosis (AS), and it is extensively used to quantitate left ventricular (LV) mass and volumes. Regional upper septal hypertrophy (USH) or septal bulge is a frequent finding in patients with AS and may lead to overestimation of LV mass when using linear measurements. The objective of this study was to compare estimates of LV mass obtained by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic LV dimensions measured at different levels of the LV cavity with those obtained by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Methods: One hundred six patients (mean age, 63 ± 15 years; 68% men) with AS were included in this subanalysis of the PROGRESSA study. Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic measurements of LV dimensions were obtained at the basal level (BL; as recommended in guidelines), immediately below the septal bulge (BSB), and at a midventricular level (ML). Regional USH was defined as a basal interventricular septal thickness ≥ 13 mm and >1.3 times the thickness of the septal wall at the ML. Agreement between transthoracic echocardiographic and CMR measures was evaluated using Bland-Altman analysis. Results: The distribution of AS severity was mild in 23%, moderate in 57%, and severe in 20% of patients. Regional USH was present in 28 patients (26%). In the whole cohort, two-dimensional TTE overestimated LV mass (bias: BL, +60 ± 31 g; BSB, +59 ± 32 g; ML, +54 ± 32 g; P = .02). The biplane Simpson method slightly but significantly underestimated LV end-diastolic volume (bias -10 ± 20 mL, P < .001) compared with CMR. Overestimation of LV mass was more marked in patients with USH when measuring at the BL and was significantly lower when measuring LV dimensions at the ML (P < .025 vs BL and BSB). Conclusions: Two-dimensional TTE systematically overestimated LV mass and underestimated LV volumes compared with CMR. However, the bias between TTE and CMR was less important when measuring at the ML. Measurements at the BL as suggested in guidelines should be avoided, and measurements at the ML should be preferred in patients with AS, especially in those with USH.
- PublicationRestreintPre- and post-operative stroke volume impact after surgical aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis(Elsevier Biomedical, 2020-10-19) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Poulin, Anthony; Kalavrouziotis, Dimitri; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Dagenais, François.
- PublicationAccès libreProsthesis-patient mismatch after aortic valve replacement in the PARTNER 2 trial and registry(Elsevier, 2021-07-05) Dahou, Abdellaziz; Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Herrmann, Howard C.; Beaudoin, Jonathan; Kodali, Susheel; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Leipsic, Jonathon; Bernier, Mathieu; Blanke, Philipp; Pibarot, Philippe; Jaber, Wael; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Mack, Michael J.; Salaun, Erwan; Ternacle, Julien; Khalique, Omar K.; Weissman, Neil J.; Douglas, Pamela; Bax, Jeroen; Xu, Ke; Alu, Maria; Rogers, Erin; Leon, Martin; Thourani, Vinod H.; Abbas, Amr E.; Hahn, Rebecca T.Objectives This study aimed to compare incidence and impact of measured prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPMM) versus predicted PPM (PPMP) after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Background TAVR studies have used measured effective orifice area indexed (EOAi) to body surface area (BSA) to define PPM, but most SAVR series have used predicted EOAi. This difference may contribute to discrepancies in incidence and outcomes of PPM between series. Methods The study analyzed SAVR patients from the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) 2A trial and TAVR patients from the PARTNER 2 SAPIEN 3 Intermediate Risk registry. PPM was classified as moderate if EOAi ≤0.85 cm2/m2 (≤0.70 if obese: body mass index ≥30 kg/m2) and severe if EOAi ≤0.65 cm2/m2 (≤0.55 if obese). PPMM was determined by the core lab–measured EOAi on 30-day echocardiogram. PPMP was determined by 2 methods: 1) using normal EOA reference values previously reported for each valve model and size (PPMP1; n = 929 SAVR, 1,069 TAVR) indexed to BSA; and 2) using normal reference EOA predicted from aortic annulus size measured by computed tomography (PPMP2; n = 864 TAVR only) indexed to BSA. Primary endpoint was the composite of 5-year all-cause death and rehospitalization. Results The incidence of moderate and severe PPMP was much lower than PPMM in both SAVR (PPMP1: 28.4% and 1.2% vs. PPMM: 31.0% and 23.6%) and TAVR (PPMP1: 21.0% and 0.1% and PPMP2: 17.0% and 0% vs. PPMM: 27.9% and 5.7%). The incidence of severe PPMM and severe PPMP1 was lower in TAVR versus SAVR (P < 0.001). The presence of PPM by any method was associated with higher transprosthetic gradient. Severe PPMP1 was independently associated with events in SAVR after adjustment for sex and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score (hazard ratio: 3.18;95% CI: 1.69-5.96; P < 0.001), whereas no association was observed between PPM by any method and outcomes in TAVR. Conclusions EOAi measured by echocardiography results in a higher incidence of PPM following SAVR or TAVR than PPM based on predicted EOAi. Severe PPMP is rare (<1.5%), but is associated with increased all-cause death and rehospitalization after SAVR, whereas it is absent following TAVR.
- PublicationRestreintStructural deterioration of transcatheter versus surgical aortic valve bioprostheses in the PARTNER-2 trial(Elsevier Biomedical, 2020-10-12) Dahou, Abdellaziz; Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Beaudoin, Jonathan; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Bernier, Mathieu; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Salaun, Erwan; Ternacle, JulienBACKGROUND It is unknown whether transcatheter valves will have similar durability as surgical bioprosthetic valves. Definitions of structural valve deterioration (SVD), based on valve related reintervention or death, underestimate the incidence of SVD. OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine and compare the 5-year incidence of SVD, using new standardized definitions based on echocardiographic follow-up of valve function, in intermediate-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis given transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) 2A trial and registry. METHODS In the PARTNER 2A trial, patients were randomly assigned to receive either TAVR with the SAPIEN XT or SAVR, whereas in the SAPIEN 3 registry, patients were assigned to TAVR with the SAPIEN 3. The primary endpoint was the incidence of SVD, that is, the composite of SVD-related hemodynamic valve deterioration during echocardiographic follow-up and/or SVD-related bioprosthetic valve failure (BVF) at 5 years. RESULTS Compared with SAVR, the SAPIEN-XT TAVR cohort had a significantly higher 5-year exposure adjusted incidence rates (per 100 patient-years) of SVD (1.61 ± 0.24% vs. 0.63 ± 0.16%), SVD-related BVF (0.58 ± 0.14% vs. 0.12 ± 0.07%), and all-cause (structural or nonstructural) BVF (0.81 ± 0.16% vs. 0.27 ± 0.10%) (p ≤ 0.01 for all). The 5-year rates of SVD (0.68 ± 0.18% vs. 0.60 ± 0.17%; p ¼ 0.71), SVD-related BVF (0.29 ± 0.12% vs. 0.14 ± 0.08%; p ¼ 0.25), and all-cause BVF (0.60 ± 0.15% vs. 0.32 ± 0.11%; p ¼ 0.32) in SAPIEN 3 TAVR were not significantly different to a propensity score matched SAVR cohort. The 5-year rates of SVD and SVD-related BVF were significantly lower in SAPIEN 3 versus SAPIEN XT TAVR matched cohorts. CONCLUSIONS Compared with SAVR, the second-generation SAPIEN XT balloon-expandable valve has a higher 5-year rate of SVD, whereas the third-generation SAPIEN 3 has a rate of SVD that was not different from SAVR. (The PARTNER II Trial: Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER Valves - PII A [PARTNERII A]; NCT01314313; The PARTNER II Trial: Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER Valves II - PARTNER II - PARTNERII - S3 Intermediate [PARTNERII S3i]; NCT03222128)
- PublicationAccès libreMultimodality imaging for discordant low-gradient aortic stenosis : assessing the valve and the myocardium(Frontiers Media S.A., 2020-12-03) Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-AnnickAortic stenosis (AS) is a disease of the valve and the myocardium. A correct assessment of the valve disease severity is key to define the need for aortic valve replacement (AVR), but a better understanding of the myocardial consequences of the increased afterload is paramount to optimize the timing of the intervention. Transthoracic echocardiography remains the cornerstone of AS assessment, as it is universally available, and it allows a comprehensive structural and hemodynamic evaluation of both the aortic valve and the rest of the heart. However, it may not be sufficient as a significant proportion of patients with severe AS presents with discordant grading (i.e., an AVA ≤1 cm2 and a mean gradient