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Peralta-Zaragoza, Oscar

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Département microbiologie-infectiologie et d'immunologie, Faculté de médecine, Université Laval
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  • Publication
    Accès libre
    TWEAK negatively regulates human dicer
    (MDPI AG, 2016-10-25) Peralta-Zaragoza, Oscar; Provost, Patrick; Ly, Sophia; Pépin, Geneviève; Matusiak, Raphaël; Landry, Patricia; Lambert, Marine
    The ribonuclease Dicer plays a central role in the microRNA pathway by processing microRNA precursors (pre-microRNAs) into microRNAs, a class of 19- to 24-nucleotide non-coding RNAs that regulate expression of ≈60% of the genes in humans. To gain further insights into the function and regulation of Dicer in human cells, we performed a yeast two-hybrid (Y2HB) screen using human Dicer double-stranded RNA-binding domain (dsRBD) as bait. This approach identified tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) as a Dicer-interacting protein candidate. Confocal immunofluorescence microscopy revealed the colocalization of Dicer and TWEAK proteins at the perinuclear region of HeLa cells. The Dicer-TWEAK protein interaction was confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation and found not likely to be mediated by RNA. TWEAK dose-dependently reduced pre-microRNA conversion into mature microRNA in Dicer activity assays using extracts of transfected human HEK 293 cells. TWEAK expression also impaired microRNA-guided RNA silencing of a reporter gene induced by a pre-microRNA. These findings suggest a role for TWEAK—a pro-inflammatory cytokine—in regulating Dicer function and microRNA biogenesis, and its possible involvement in regulating gene expression during inflammatory processes and diseases.