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Essiambre, René-Jean.

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Département de physique, de génie physique et d'optique, Faculté des sciences et de génie, Université Laval
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  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Demonstration of an erbium-doped fiber with annular doping for low gain compression in cladding-pumped amplifiers
    (The Optical Society, 2018-10-01) Essiambre, René-Jean.; Chen, Haoshuo; Matte-Breton, Charles; Fontaine, Nicolas K.; Jin, Cang; Ryf, Roland; LaRochelle, Sophie; Messaddeq, Younès; Kelly, C.
    We present the design and characterization of a cladding-pumped amplifier with erbium doping located in an annular region near the core. This erbium-doped fiber is proposed to reduce gain saturation, leading to smaller gain compression when compared to uniform core doping. Through numerical simulations, we first compare the performance of three fibers with different erbium doping profiles in the core or the cladding. When the doped fibers are operated at the optimum length, results show that the smaller overlap of the signal mode field with the annular erbium doping region leads to higher gain and lower saturation of the amplifier. A single-core erbium-doped fiber with an annular doping and a D-shaped cladding was fabricated. Measurements demonstrate less than 4 dB of gain compression over the C-band for input power ranging from −40 dBm to 3 dBm. Small gain compression EDFAs are of interest for applications that require input channel reconfiguration. Higher gain and saturation output power are also key issues in cladding-pumped multi-core amplifiers.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Modeling and characterization of cladding-pumped erbium-ytterbium co-doped fibers for amplification in communication systems
    (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019-12-20) Essiambre, René-Jean.; Ryf, Roland; Matte-Breton, Charles; Fontaine, Nicolas K.; LaRochelle, Sophie; Messaddeq, Younès; Chen, Haoshuo; Kelly, C.
    Cladding-pumped optical fiber amplifiers are of increased interest in the context of space-division multiplexing but are known to suffer from low power efficiency. In this context, ytterbium (Yb) co-doping can be an attractive solution to improve the performance of erbium (Er) doped fiber amplifiers. We present a detailed direct comparison between Er/Yb-co-doping and Er-doping using numerical simulations validated by experimental results. Two double-cladding fibers, one doped with Er only and the other one co-doped with Er and Yb, were designed, fabricated and characterized. Using the experimentally extracted parameters, we simulate multi-core fiber amplifiers and investigate the interest of Er/Yb-co-doping. We calculate the minimum gain of the amplifiers over a 35-nm spectral window considering various scenarios.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Analysis of inter-core cross-gain modulation in cladding pumped multi-core fiber amplifiers
    (IEEE Xplore, 2018-11-15) Essiambre, René-Jean.; Chen, Haoshuo; Matte-Breton, Charles; Fontaine, Nicolas K.; LaRochelle, Sophie; Ryf, Roland; Messaddeq, Younès
    We numerically investigate pump-induced gain variations in eight-core fi ber amplifi ers. We compare two fi bers with different erbium profi les by varying input power from -25 dBm to 0 dBm in one or four cores. Inter-core cross-gain modulation is < 0.6 dB.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Integrated cladding-pumped multicore few-mode erbium-doped fibre amplifier for space-division-multiplexed communications
    (Nature Pub. Group, 2016-07-11) Chen, Haoshuo; Essiambre, René-Jean.; Grégoire, Nicolas; Huang, Bin; Morency, Steeve; Fontaine, Nicolas K.; Jin, Cang; Ryf, Roland; LaRochelle, Sophie; Shang, Kuanping; Messaddeq, Younès; Li, Guifang
    Space-division multiplexing (SDM), whereby multiple spatial channels in multimode1 and multicore2 optical fibres are used to increase the total transmission capacity per fibre, is being investigated to avert a data capacity crunch3,4 and reduce the cost per transmitted bit. With the number of channels employed in SDM transmission experiments continuing to rise, there is a requirement for integrated SDM components that are scalable. Here, we demonstrate a cladding-pumped SDM erbium-doped fibre amplifier (EDFA) that consists of six uncoupled multimode erbium-doped cores. Each core supports three spatial modes, which enables the EDFA to amplify a total of 18 spatial channels (six cores × three modes) simultaneously with a single pump diode and a complexity similar to a single-mode EDFA. The amplifier delivers >20 dBm total output power per core and <7 dB noise figure over the C-band. This cladding-pumped EDFA enables combined space-division and wavelength-division multiplexed transmission over multiple multimode fibre spans.