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Janes, Tara A.

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Tara A.


Département de pédiatrie, Faculté de médecine, Université Laval


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  • PublicationRestreint
    Respiratory motoneuron properties during the transition from gill to lung breathing in the American bullfrog
    (American Physiological Society, 2019-03-06) Janes, Tara A.; Chamberland, Simon; Kinkead, Richard; Funk, Gregory D.; Fournier, Stéphanie
    Amphibian respiratory development involves a dramatic metamorphic transition from gill to lung breathing and coordination of distinct motor outputs. To determine whether the emergence of adult respiratory motor patterns was associated with similarly dramatic changes in motoneuron (MN) properties, we characterized the intrinsic electrical properties of American bullfrog trigeminal MNs innervating respiratory muscles comprising the buccal pump. In premetamorphic tadpoles (TK stages IX-XVIII) and adult frogs, morphometric analyses and whole cell recordings were performed in trigeminal MNs identified by fluorescent retrograde labeling. Based on the amplitude of the depolarizing sag induced by hyperpolarizing voltage steps, two MN subtypes (I and II) were identified in tadpoles and adults. Compared with type II MNs, type I MNs had larger sag amplitudes (suggesting a larger hyperpolarization-activated inward current), greater input resistance, lower rheobase, hyperpolarized action potential threshold, steeper frequency-current relationships, and fast firing rates and received fewer excitatory postsynaptic currents. Postmetamorphosis, type I MNs exhibited similar sag, enhanced postinhibitory rebound, and increased action potential amplitude with a smaller-magnitude fast afterhyperpolarization. Compared with tadpoles, type II MNs from frogs received higher-frequency, larger-amplitude excitatory postsynaptic currents. Input resistance decreased and rheobase increased postmetamorphosis in all MNs, concurrent with increased soma area and hyperpolarized action potential threshold. We suggest that type I MNs are likely recruited in response to smaller, buccal-related synaptic inputs as well as larger lung-related inputs, whereas type II MNs are likely recruited in response to stronger synaptic inputs associated with larger buccal breaths, lung breaths, or nonrespiratory behaviors involving powerful muscle contractions.