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Personne :
Bourdeau-Julien, Isabelle

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Bourdeau-Julien

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Isabelle

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Université Laval. Département de psychiatrie et de neurosciences

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ncf13678308

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  • PublicationAccès libre
    The diet rapidly and differentially affects the gut microbiota and host lipid mediators in a healthy population
    (Biomed Central, 2023-02-11) Bourdeau-Julien, Isabelle; Castonguay-Paradis, Sophie; Rochefort, Gabrielle; Perron, Julie; Lamarche, Benoît; Flamand, Nicolas; Di Marzo, Vincenzo; Veilleux, Alain; Raymond, Frédéric
    Background Bioactive lipids produced by human cells or by the gut microbiota might play an important role in health and disease. Dietary intakes are key determinants of the gut microbiota, its production of short-chain (SCFAs) and branched-chain fatty acids (BCFAs), and of the host endocannabinoidome signalling, which are all involved in metabolic diseases. This hypothesis-driven longitudinal fixed sequence nutritional study, realized in healthy participants, was designed to determine if a lead-in diet affects the host response to a short-term dietary intervention. Participants received a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) for 3 days, a 13-day lead-in controlled diet reflecting the average Canadian dietary intake (CanDiet), and once again a MedDiet for 3 consecutive days. Fecal and blood samples were collected at the end of each dietary phase to evaluate alterations in gut microbiota composition and plasma levels of endocannabinoidome mediators, SCFAs, and BCFAs. Results We observed an immediate and reversible modulation of plasma endocannabinoidome mediators, BCFAs, and some SCFAs in response to both diets. BCFAs were more strongly reduced by the MedDiet when the latter was preceded by the lead-in CanDiet. The gut microbiota response was also immediate, but not all changes due to the CanDiet were reversible following a short dietary MedDiet intervention. Higher initial microbiome diversity was associated with reduced microbiota modulation after short-term dietary interventions. We also observed that BCFAs and 2-monoacylglycerols had many, but distinct, correlations with gut microbiota composition. Several taxa modulated by dietary intervention were previously associated to metabolic disorders, warranting the need to control for recent diet in observational association studies. Conclusions Our results indicate that lipid mediators involved in the communication between the gut microbiota and host metabolism exhibit a rapid response to dietary changes, which is also the case for some, but not all, microbiome taxa. The lead-in diet influenced the gut microbiome and BCFA, but not the endocannabinoidome, response to the MedDiet. A higher initial microbiome diversity favored the stability of the gut microbiota in response to dietary changes. This study highlights the importance of considering the previous diet in studies relating the gut microbiome with lipid signals involved in host metabolism.
  • PublicationAccès libre
    ALS-associated RNA-binding protein FUS and mRNA translation regulation
    (2020) Bourdeau-Julien, Isabelle; Sephton, Chantelle F.
    Des mutations dans plusieurs gènes ont été liés à la sclérose latérale amyotrophique (SLA),en particulier dans celui codant pour la protéine Fused in Sarcoma (FUS). Les mutations sont retrouvées dans la partie codant pour le signal de localisation nucléaire, rendant la protéine anormalement abondante dans le cytoplasme. Combiné à d’autres observations, ça suggère qu’un gain de fonction toxique de FUS dans le cytoplasme serait à l’origine de la neurodégénérescence. La SLA est une maladie neurodégénérative qui affecte les neurones moteurs et cause une paralysie progressive. Les mécanismes moléculaires causant la maladies ont toujours inconnus. Une des pistes serait la perturbation de la traduction locale desARNm, qui permet aux synapses de répondre rapidement et indépendamment du corps cellulaire. Une traduction locale insuffisante pour soutenir l’activité synaptique à long terme mènerait à la perte des synapses et à la neurodégénérescence. Mon objectif est donc de déterminer le rôle de FUS dans régulation de la traduction des ARNm en caractérisant son interaction avec les composantes traductionnelles et d’évaluer sa fonction dans une condition reproduisant les caractéristiques de la SLA. J’ai montré que FUS s’associe aux polyribosomes inactifs, ce qui suggère que FUS jouerait un rôle dans la régulation de la traduction des ARNm en interagissant avec le cœur de la traduction. Il est également possible d’observer une augmentation de la présence de FUS dans le cytoplasme et de son interaction avec les polyribosomes suite à une inhibition de la traduction par mTOR, suggérant son rôle de régulateur négatif. De plus, les mutations liées à la SLA amplifient la fonction inhibitrice de FUS en rendant FUS cytoplasmique et en réduisant la synthèse des protéines. Mes résultats montrent que la protéine FUS aurait un rôle d’inhibiteur de la traduction quand celle-ci est cytoplasmique. Par conséquent, l’augmentation de la présence de FUS dans le cytoplasme dans la SLA entrainerait une inhibition de la traduction importante, à un niveau insuffisant pour soutenir l’activité synaptique.
  • PublicationAccès libre
    Impact of selenium on the intestinal microbiome-eCBome axis in the context of diet-related metabolic health in mice
    (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2022-11-11) Guevara Agudelo, Fredy Alexander; Leblanc, Nadine; Bourdeau-Julien, Isabelle; St-Arnaud, Gabrielle; Lacroix, Sébastien; Martin, Cyril; Flamand, Nicolas; Veilleux, Alain; Di Marzo, Vincenzo; Raymond, Frédéric
    Dietary micronutrients act at the intestinal level, thereby influencing microbial communities, the host endocannabinoidome, and immune and anti-oxidative response. Selenium (Se) is a trace element with several health benefits. Indeed, Se plays an important role in the regulation of enzymes with antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity as well as indicators of the level of oxidative stress, which, together with chronic low-grade inflammation, is associated to obesity. To understand how Se variations affect diet-related metabolic health, we fed female and male mice for 28 days with Se-depleted or Se-enriched diets combined with low- and high-fat/sucrose diets. We quantified the plasma and intestinal endocannabinoidome, profiled the gut microbiota, and measured intestinal gene expression related to the immune and the antioxidant responses in the intestinal microenvironment. Overall, we show that intestinal segment-specific microbiota alterations occur following high-fat or low-fat diets enriched or depleted in Se, concomitantly with modifications of circulating endocannabinoidome mediators and changes in cytokine and antioxidant enzyme expression. Specifically, Se enrichment was associated with increased circulating plasma levels of 2-docosahexaenoyl-glycerol (2-DHG), a mediator with putative beneficial actions on metabolism and inflammation. Others eCBome mediators also responded to the diets. Concomitantly, changes in gut microbiota were observed in Se-enriched diets following a high-fat diet, including an increase in the relative abundance of Peptostreptococcaceae and Lactobacillaceae. With respect to the intestinal immune response and anti-oxidative gene expression, we observed a decrease in the expression of proinflammatory genes Il1β and Tnfα in high-fat Se-enriched diets in caecum, while in ileum an increase in the expression levels of the antioxidant gene Gpx4 was observed following Se depletion. The sex of the animal influenced the response to the diet of both the gut microbiota and endocannabinoid mediators. These results identify Se as a regulator of the gut microbiome and endocannabinoidome in conjunction with high-fat diet, and might be relevant to the development of new nutritional strategies to improve metabolic health and chronic low-grade inflammation associated to metabolic disorders.