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Bilodeau, Anthony

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  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Multimarker approach to identify patients with higher mortality and rehospitalization rate after surgical aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis
    (Elsevier, 2018-11-05) Lindman, Brian R.; Bilodeau, Anthony; Dahou, Abdellaziz; Abu-Alhayja'a, Rami; Arsenault, Benoit; Voisine, Pierre; Côté, Nancy; Novak, Éric L.; Bossé, Yohan; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Dagenais, François.; Desmeules***, Philippe; Tastet, Lionel; Mathieu, Patrick; Aldahoun, Khitam
    This study sought to evaluate whether a multimarker approach might identify patients with higher mortality and hospitalization rates after aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: The society valve guidelines include accepted triggers for AVR in patients with severe asymptomatic AS, but circulating biomarkers do not have a clear role. METHOD: From a prospective registry of patients undergoing cardiac surgery between 2000 and 2012, 665 treated with surgical AVR (441 isolated) were evaluated. Seven biomarkers were measured on blood samples obtained before AVR. Biomarker levels were adjusted to account for the influence of age, sex, body mass index, and renal function; the median was used to determine an elevated value. Endpoints included all-cause mortality and all-cause and cardiovascular hospitalizations. Mean follow-up was 10.7 years and 299 (45%) died. RESULTS: Patients with 0 to 1, 2 to 3, 4 to 6, and 7 biomarkers elevated had 5-year mortality of 10%, 12%, 24%, and 33%, respectively, and 10-year mortality of 24%, 35%, 58%, and 71%, respectively (log-rank p < 0.001). The association between an increasing number of elevated biomarkers and increased all-cause mortality was observed among those with minimal symptoms (New York Heart Association functional class I or II) and those with a low N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (p < 0.01 for both). Compared with those with 0 to 1 biomarkers elevated, patients with 4 to 6 or 7 biomarkers elevated had an increased hazard of mortality after adjustment for clinical risk scores (p < 0.01) and a 2- to 3-fold higher rate of all-cause and cardiovascular rehospitalization after AVR. Similar findings were obtained when evaluating cardiovascular mortality. Among patients with no or minimal symptoms, 42% had ≥4 biomarkers elevated. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with severe AS treated with surgical AVR, an increasing number of elevated biomarkers of cardiovascular stress was associated with higher all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and a higher rate of repeat hospitalization. A multimarker approach may be useful in the surveillance of asymptomatic patients with severe AS to optimize surgical timing.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Vascular burden impact on echocardiographic valvular graft degeneration following a Ross procedure in young adults
    (Elsevier, 2017-08-14) Bilodeau, Anthony; Clisson, Marine; Shen, Mylène; Mohammadi, Siamak; Perron, Jean; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Tastet, Lionel; Simard, Louis
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Lipoprotein(a), oxidized phospholipids, and aortic valve microcalcification assessed by 18F-sodium fluoride positron emission tomography and computed tomography
    (ScienceDirect, 2019-04-12) Bilodeau, Anthony; Thériault, Sébastien; Nadeau, Maxime; Arsenault, Benoit; Chen, Hao Yu; Bourgeois, Raphaëlle; Shen, Mylène; Trottier, Mikaël; Tessier, Michel; Després, Audrey-Anne; Guimond, Jean; Bossé, Yohan; Engert, James; Perrot, Nicolas; Couture, Patrick; Mathieu, Patrick; Witztum, Joseph L.; Dweek, Marc
    Background Lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) is the preferential lipoprotein carrier of oxidized phospholipids (OxPLs) and a well-established genetic risk factor for calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS). Whether Lp(a) predicts aortic valve microcalcification in individuals without CAVS is unknown. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of elevated Lp(a) and OxPL levels in patients with CAVS and to determine if individuals with elevated Lp(a) but without CAVS have higher aortic valve microcalcification. Methods We recruited 214 patients with CAVS from Montreal and 174 patients with CAVS and 108 controls from Québec City, Canada. In a second group of individuals with high (≥75 nmol/L, n = 27) or low (<75 nmol/L, n = 28) Lp(a) levels, 18F-sodium fluoride positron emission tomography/computed tomography was performed to determine the difference in mean tissue-to-background ratio (TBR) of the aortic valve. Results Patients with CAVS had 62.0% higher Lp(a) (median = 28.7, interquartile range [8.2-116.6] vs 10.9 [3.6-28.8] nmol/L, P < 0.0001), 50% higher OxPL-apolipoprotein-B (2.2 [1.3-6.0] vs 1.1 [0.7-2.6] nmol/L, P < 0.0001), and 69.9% higher OxPL-apolipoprotein(a) (7.3 [1.8-28.4] vs 2.2 [0.8-8.4] nmol/L, P < 0.0001) levels compared with individuals without CAVS (all P < 0.0001). Individuals without CAVS but elevated Lp(a) had 40% higher mean TBR compared with individuals with low Lp(a) levels (mean TBR = 1.25 ± 0.23 vs 1.15 ± 0.11, P = 0.02). Conclusions Elevated Lp(a) and OxPL levels are associated with prevalent CAVS in patients studied in an echocardiography laboratory setting. In individuals with elevated Lp(a), evidence of aortic valve microcalcification by 18F-sodium fluoride positron emission tomography/computed tomography is present before the development of clinically manifested CAVS.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Transvalvular flow, sex, and survival after valve replacement surgery in patients with severe aortic stenosis
    (Elsevier, 2020-04-28) Bilodeau, Anthony; Guzzetti, Ezequiel; Kalavrouziotis, Dimitri; Zhang, Bin; Couture, Christian; Annabi, Mohamed Salah; Pibarot, Philippe; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Dagenais, François.
    Background : The respective impacts of transvalvular flow, gradient, sex, and their interactions on mortality in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) are unknown. Objectives : This study sought to compare the impact of pre-operative flow-gradient patterns on mortality after AVR and to examine whether there are sex differences. Methods : This study analyzed clinical, echocardiographic, and outcome data prospectively collected in 1,490 patients (544 women [37%]), with severe aortic stenosis and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction who underwent AVR. Results : In this cohort, 601 patients (40%) had normal flow (NF) with high gradient (HG), 405 (27%) NF with low gradient (LG), 246 (17%) paradoxical low flow (LF)/HG, and 238 (16%) LF/LG. During a median follow-up of 2.42 years (interquartile range: 1.04 to 4.29 years), 167 patients died. Patients with LF/HG exhibited the highest mortality after AVR (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.01; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.33 to 3.03; p < 0.01), which remained significant after multivariate adjustment (HR: 1.96; 95% CI: 1.29 to 2.98; p < 0.01). Both LF/LG and NF/LG patients had comparable outcome to NF/HG (p ≥ 0.47). Optimal thresholds of stroke volume index were obtained for men (40 ml/m2) and women (32 ml/m2). Using these sex-specific cutpoints, paradoxical LF was independently associated with increased mortality in both women (adjusted HR: 2.05; 95% CI: 1.21 to 3.47; p < 0.01) and men (adjusted HR: 1.54; 95% CI: 1.02 to 2.32; p = 0.042), whereas guidelines’ threshold (35 ml/m2) does not. Conclusions : Paradoxical LF/HG was associated with higher mortality following AVR, suggesting that a reduced flow is a marker of disease severity even in patients with HG aortic stenosis. Early surgical AVR (i.e., before gradient attains 40 mm Hg) might be preferable in these patients. Furthermore, the use of sex-specific thresholds (<40 ml/m2 for men and <32 ml/m2 for women) to define low-flow outperforms the guidelines’ threshold of 35 ml/m2 in risk stratification after AVR.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Genetic Variation in LPA, calcific aortic valve stenosis in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, and familial risk of aortic valve microcalcification
    (JAMA Network, 2019-07-01) Bilodeau, Anthony; Thériault, Sébastien; Dina, Christian; Nadeau, Maxime; Chen, Hao Yu; Arsenault, Benoit; Boekholdt, Stefan Matthijs; Trottier, Mikaël; Rigade, Sidwell; Capoulade, Romain; Després, Audrey-Anne; Guimond, Jean; Bossé, Yohan; Le Tourneau, Thierry; Pibarot, Philippe; Messika-Zeitoun, David; Perrot, Nicolas; Clavel, Marie-Annick; Tessier, Michel; Mathieu, Patrick; Engert, James; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Dweck, Marc; Schott, Jean-Jacques; Thanassoulis, George
    IMPORTANCE: Genetic variants at the LPA locus are associated with both calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Whether these variants are associated with CAVS in patients with CAD vs those without CAD is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To study the associations of LPA variants with CAVS in a cohort of patients undergoing heart surgery and LPA with CAVS in patients with CAD vs those without CAD and to determine whether first-degree relatives of patients with CAVS and high lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) levels showed evidence of aortic valve microcalcification. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This genetic association study included patients undergoing cardiac surgery from the Genome-Wide Association Study on Calcific Aortic Valve Stenosis in Quebec (QUEBEC-CAVS) study and patients with CAD, patients without CAD, and control participants from 6 genetic association studies: the UK Biobank, the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk, and Genetic Epidemiology Research on Aging (GERA) studies and 3 French cohorts. In addition, a family study included first-degree relatives of patients with CAVS. Data were collected from January 1993 to September 2018, and analysis was completed from September 2017 to September 2018. EXPOSURES: Case-control studies. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Presence of CAVS according to a weighted genetic risk score based on 3 common Lp(a)-raising variants and aortic valve microcalcification, defined as the mean tissue to background ratio of 1.25 or more, measured by fluorine 18-labeled sodium fluoride positron emission tomography/computed tomography. RESULTS: This study included 1009 individuals undergoing cardiac surgery and 1017 control participants in the QUEBEC-CAVS cohort; 3258 individuals with CAVS and CAD, 41 100 controls with CAD, 2069 individuals with CAVS without CAD, and 380 075 control participants without CAD in the UK Biobank, EPIC-Norfolk, and GERA studies and 3 French cohorts combined; and 33 first-degree relatives of 17 patients with CAVS and high Lp(a) levels (≥60 mg/dL) and 23 control participants with normal Lp(a) levels (<60 mg/dL). In the QUEBEC-CAVS study, each SD increase of the genetic risk score was associated with a higher risk of CAVS (odds ratio [OR], 1.35 [95% CI, 1.10-1.66]; P = .003). Each SD increase of the genetic risk score was associated with a higher risk of CAVS in patients with CAD (OR, 1.30 [95% CI, 1.20-1.42]; P < .001) and without CAD (OR, 1.33 [95% CI, 1.14-1.55]; P < .001). The percentage of individuals with a tissue to background ratio of 1.25 or more or CAVS was higher in first-degree relatives of patients with CAVS and high Lp(a) (16 of 33 [49%]) than control participants (3 of 23 [13%]; P = .006). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: In this study, a genetically elevated Lp(a) level was associated with CAVS independently of the presence of CAD. These findings support further research on the potential usefulness of Lp(a) cascade screening in CAVS.