A metabolic approach to dormancy in pelagic copepods helps explaining inter- and intra-specific variability in life-history strategies
|Authors:||Maps, Frédéric; Record, Nicholas R.; Pershing, Andrew J.|
|Abstract:||Dormancy (diapause) is a key life-history strategy of pelagic copepods that allows them to thrive in highly seasonal environments. Successful dormancy of copepodid stages requires the ability to store energy efficiently (for example as lipids) and to slow down the rate of mobilization of this capital during the dormant period. The physiology of lipids in copepods has been extensively reviewed; however, data about the energetics of dormancy are currently scattered throughout the literature. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis comparing the metabolism of active and dormant copepods in 15 species that undergo dormancy as copepodids. Linear mixed-effects models showed that the metabolic rate of dormant copepods is about one-fourth of the values for actively growing copepods, a level that remains consistent across a large range of body size or environmental conditions. Based on these metabolic rates, we used a numerical modelling approach to predict dormancy duration as a function of body mass and ambient temperature, and to explain the observed range of body masses at the initiation of dormancy. Our numerical approach also provides explanations for inter- and intra-specific variability in life-history strategies, such as which stages undergo dormancy and the prevalence of lipid-based reproduction in some copepod species.|
|Document Type:||Article de recherche|
|Issue Date:||9 October 2013|
|Open Access Date:||Restricted access|
|This document was published in:||Journal of plankton research, Vol. 36 (1), 18–30 (2014)|
Information Retrieval Inc.
|Collection:||Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture|
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