Metabolic syndrome is associated with faster degeneration of bioprosthetic valves

Authors: Briand, MartinPibarot, PhilippeDesprés, Jean-PierreVoisine, PierreDumesnil, Jean G.Dagenais, FrançoisMathieu, Patrick
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported similarities between calcification of the native aortic valve and atherosclerosis. Recent studies also suggested that hypercholesterolemia may be a risk factor for calcific degeneration of bioprosthetic valves. The metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with a higher risk of vascular atherosclerosis. We thus hypothesized that the atherogenic features of MS could accelerate bioprosthetic valve degeneration. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 217 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with a bioprosthetic valve in the study. Of these patients, 71 patients (33%) had MS defined according to the modified criteria proposed by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. The annualized increase in mean transprosthetic gradient and the worsening of transprosthetic regurgitation measured by Doppler echocardiography were used to assess the deterioration of valve hemodynamic function. Patients with MS had higher progression of gradient (+4+/-5 mm Hg/year versus +2+/-2 mm Hg/year, P<0.001), higher proportion of > or = 1/3 degree worsening of regurgitation (25% versus 12%, P=0.02), and higher proportion of valve function deterioration defined as regurgitation worsening and/or > or = 3 mm Hg/year increase in gradient (41% versus 25%, P=0.02) when compared with patients without MS. On multivariate analysis, MS was an independent predictor of gradient progression (P=0.01), regurgitation worsening (P=0.02), and valve function deterioration (P=0.02). The other independent predictors were diabetes, renal insufficiency, and higher mean gradient at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to report that the MS is independently associated with faster bioprosthetic valve degeneration. This study could pave the way for the development of a new medical therapy able to significantly reduce the structural valve deterioration of bioprostheses
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 4 July 2006
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/8188
This document was published in: Circulation, Vol. 114 (1 Suppl), I512-I517 (2006)
https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.000422
American Heart Association
Alternative version: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.000422
16820629
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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