Sirt1 inhibits resistin expression in aortic stenosis

Authors: Carter, SophieMiard, StéphanieRoy-Bellavance, CatherineBoivin, LouiseLi, ZhuoPibarot, PhilippeMathieu, PatrickPicard, Frédéric
Abstract: The development of human calcified aortic stenosis (AS) includes age-dependent processes that have been involved in atherosclerosis, such as infiltration of macrophages in aortic valves, which then promote production of many proinflammatory cytokines, including resistin. However, the molecular mechanisms contributing to these processes are not established. Since Sirt1 has been shown to modulate macrophage biology and inflammation, we examined its levels in human AS and tested its impact on resistin expression. Sirt1 mRNA (p = 0.01) and protein (p,0.05) levels were reduced in explanted valves from AS patients (n = 51) compared to those from control (n = 11) patients. Sirt1 mRNA levels were negatively associated with resistin mRNA levels quantified in AS valves (p = 0.02). Stimulation of Sirt1 by resveratrol or virusdriven overexpression robustly diminished resistin mRNA and protein expression in macrophages, whereas down-regulation of Sirt1 triggered a large increase in resistin expression. These effects were direct, as chromatin immunoprecipitation assays showed that Sirt1 physically interacted with the resistin promoter region at an AP-1 response element. Moreover, Sirt1 blocked c-jun-induced resistin transactivation in gene reporter assays. These findings demonstrate that, in calcified AS, levels of Sirt1 are reduced whereas those of resistin are increased within aortic valve leaflets. Our results also suggest that this loss of Sirt1 expression alleviates its inhibition of resistin transcription in macrophages. Although the overall contribution of this process to the underlying mechanisms for AS disease development remains unresolved, these observations suggest that modification of Sirt1 expression and/or activity could represent a novel approach against inflammation in AS.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 6 April 2012
Open Access Date: 4 July 2016
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/7769
This document was published in: PLoS ONE, Vol. 7 (4), e35110 (2012)
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0035110
Public Library of Science
Alternative version: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035110
22493735
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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