Hemodynamic impact of mitral prosthesis-patient mismatch on pulmonary hypertension : an in silico study

Authors: Tanné, DavidKadem, Lyes; Rieu, Régis; Pibarot, Philippe
Abstract: Hemodynamic impact of mitral prosthesis-patient mismatch on pulmonary hypertension: an in silico study. J Appl Physiol 295: 1916 –1926, 2008. First published August 21, 2008; doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.90572.2008.—Recent clinical studies reported that prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) becomes clinically relevant when the effective orifice area (EOA) indexed by the body surface area (iEOA) is 1.2–1.25 cm2/m2. To examine the effect of PPM on transmitral pressure gradient and left atrial (LA) and pulmonary arterial (PA) pressures and to validate the PPM cutoff values, we used a lumped model to compute instantaneous pressures, volumes, and flows into the left-sided heart and the pulmonary and systemic circulations. We simulated hemodynamic conditions at low cardiac output, at rest, and at three levels of exercise. The iEOA was varied from 0.44 to 1.67 cm2/m2. We normalized the mean pressure gradient by the square of mean mitral flow indexed by the body surface area to determine at which cutoff values of iEOA the impact of PPM becomes hemodynamically significant. In vivo data were used to validate the numerical study, which shows that small values of iEOA (severe PPM) induce high PA pressure (residual PA hypertension) and contribute to its nonnormalization following a valve replacement, providing a justification for implementation of operative strategies to prevent PPM. Furthermore, we emphasize the major impact of pulmonary resistance and compliance on PA pressure. The model suggests also that the cutoff iEOA that should be used to define PPM at rest in the mitral position is 1.16 cm2/m2. At higher levels of exercise, the threshold for iEOA is rather close to 1.5 cm2/m2. Severe PPM should be considered when iEOA is 0.94 cm2/m2 at rest.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 18 August 2008
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/4328
This document was published in: Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), Vol. 105 (6), 1916-1926 (2008)
American Physiological Society
Alternative version: 10.1152/japplphysiol.90572.2008
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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