Genetic structure and within-generation genome scan analysis of fisheries-induced evolution in a Lake Whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) population

Authors: Chebib, Jobran; Renaut, Sébastien; Bernatchez, Louis; Rogers, Sean Michael
Abstract: Size-selective harvest may lead to over-exploitation of commercial fisheries, but the population genetic and evolutionary consequences of such practices remain poorly understood. We investigated the role of within-generation selection in a historically over-exploited Lake Whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) population associated with fisheries-induced evolution in Lesser Slave Lake, Alberta, Canada. DNA from archived scales of Lake Whitefish collected between 1986 and 1999 were genotyped at 20 microsatellites and 51 gene-coding SNPs associated with growth and reproduction. We found that the Lake Whitefish in Lesser Slave Lake consisted of a single genetic stock, with microsatellites revealing more temporal than spatial variation in allele frequencies. A comparative genome scan among replicate cohorts from commercially harvested versus random survey samples identified one candidate SNP under divergent selection. This SNP localized within a gene encoding nucleoside diphosphate kinase A, a protein associated with differential growth. Collectively, the results highlight the utility of within-generation genome scans towards investigating the evolutionary consequences of harvest in the wild.
Keywords : Coregonus, Lake Whitefish, SNP, Archived DNA, Historical DNA, Fisheries-induced evolution, Within-generation selection
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 26 November 2015
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/366
This document was published in: Conservation genetics, Vol. 17 (2), pp 473-483 (2015)
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-015-0797-y
Springer Link
Alternative version: 10.1007/s10592-015-0797-y
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2853541/
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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