Uterine morphology and reproductive phenomena in relation to number of embryos, at different stages of gestation in prolific sheep

Authors: Fahmy, M. H.; Castonguay, FrançoisLaforest, Jean-Paul
Abstract: Forty prolific ewes of which half were superovulated with 800 IU PMSG were slaughtered on either d 30, d 70 of gestation or d 3-5 post-partum. At each slaughter date, the ewes were balanced for number of ovulations ( 1 to > 3 at d 30) or embryos ( 1 to 4 at d 70 and d 3-5 post-partum). Uterine length, width, surface and dry matter (DM) ; embryonic weight and DM; plasma progesterone at d 15 and 30 of gestation; and protein concentration in allantoic fluids were measured. Superovulated ewes averaged 5.8 CL vs. 3.1 CL for the control. On d 15 of gestation, plasma progesterone concentration increased from 4.87 ng/ml in ewes with 2 CL to 8.02 ng / ml for those with > 7 CL. The corresponding figures at d 30 were 4.19 and 9.44 ng / ml, respectively. Embryonic losses increased from 16.5% in ewes with 2 CL to 67.9% in those with > 7 CL. Length of uterine horns increased by 9.2, 7.7 and 4.1 cm for each increase in number of embryos present at the three slaughter dates, respectively. On d 30, only embryo DM showed a significant (P <0.05) increase with increased number of embryos present. On d 70, length, width and uterine surface increased linearly with increase in number of embryos, however, little difference was observed between ewes carrying three and four embryos. Ewes slaughtered after they had lambed one, two or three lambs had significantly smaller and narrower uteri than those with four lambs. It is concluded that, in prolific as in non-prolific sheep the space available seems to be adequate for development of all embryos surviving the critical first 30 days of pregnancy.
Key words: Uterus; Superovulation; Embryo; Mortality; Prolific sheep
Document Type: Article de recherche
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/304
This document was published in: Small Ruminant Research, Vol. 13 (2), 159–168 (1994)
https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-4488(94)90092-2
Elsevier
Alternative version: 10.1016/0921-4488(94)90092-2
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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