The efficacy of combined physical and mental practice in the Learning of a foot-sequence task after stroke : case report

Authors: Jackson, PhilipDoyon, Julien; Richards, Carol L.; Malouin, Francine
Abstract: Objective. To investigate the effect of mental practice on the learning of a sequential task for the lower limb in a patient with a hemiparesis resulting from a stroke. Design. A single-case study. Setting. Research laboratory of a university-affiliated rehabilitation center. Patient. A right-handed 38-year-old man who had suffered a left hemorrhagic subcortical stroke 4 months prior. Intervention. The patient practiced a serial response time task with the lower limb in 3 distinct training phases over a period of 5 weeks: 2 weeks of physical practice, 1 week of combined physical and mental practice, and then 2 weeks of mental practice alone. Main Outcome Measures. Performance on the task measured through errors and response times. Imagery abilities measured through questionnaires. Results. The patient’s average response time improved significantly during the 1st 5 days of physical practice (26%) but then failed to show further improvement during the following week of physical practice. The combination of mental and physical practice during the 3rd week yielded additional improvement (10.3%), whereas the following 2 weeks of mental practice resulted in a marginal increase in performance (2.2%). Conclusion. The findings show that mental practice, when combined with physical practice, can improve the performance of a sequential motor skill in people who had a stroke, and suggest that mental practice could play a role in the retention of newly acquired abilities.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 June 2004
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, Vol. 18 (2) 106-111 (2004)
Sage Publications
Alternative version: 10.1177/0888439004265249
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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