Potential role of mental practice using motor imagery in neurologic rehabilitation

Authors: Jackson, Philip; Lafleur, Martin; Malouin, FrancineRichards, Carol L.Doyon, Julien
Abstract: Jackson PL, Lafleur MF, Malouin F, Richards C, Doyon J. Potential role of mental practice using motor imagery in neurologic rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001;82:1133-41. For many patients with damage to the central nervous system (CNS), execution of motor tasks is very difficult, sometimes impossible, even after early participation in an active rehabilitation program. Several investigators have recently proposed that mental practice could be used by these patients as a therapeutic tool to improve their performance of motor functions, yet very little empirical work addresses this issue directly. This article discusses the rationale for investigating mental practice as a means of promoting motor recovery in patients with a neurologic disorder. We first present evidence supporting the existence of a similarity between executed and imagined actions using data from psychophysical, neurophysiologic, and brain imaging studies. This parallel is then extended to the repetition of movements during physical and mental practice of a motor skill. Finally, a new model is proposed to emphasize the key role of motor imagery as an essential process of mental practice, and also to stimulate additional research on this type of training in the rehabilitation of patients with motor impairments of cerebral origin.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/2188
This document was published in: Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, Vol. 82 (8), 1133–1141 (2001)
http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1053/apmr.2001.24286
American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine
Alternative version: doi:10.1053/apmr.2001.24286
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11494195
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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