A Systematic Review of Instruments to Assess Organizational Readiness for Knowledge Translation in Health Care

Authors: Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Attieh, Randa; Ghandour, El Kebir; Légaré, FranceOuimet, Mathieu; Estabrooks, Carole A.; Grimshaw, Jeremy
Abstract: Background : The translation of research into practices has been incomplete. Organizational readiness for change (ORC) is a potential facilitator of effective knowledge translation (KT). However we know little about the best way to assess ORC. Therefore, we sought to systematically review ORC measurement instruments. Methods : We searched for published studies in bibliographic databases (Pubmed, Embase, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Web of Science, etc.) up to November 1st, 2012. We included publications that developed ORC measures and/or empirically assessed ORC using an instrument at the organizational level in the health care context. We excluded articles if they did not refer specifically to ORC, did not concern the health care domain or were limited to individual-level change readiness. We focused on identifying the psychometric properties of instruments that were developed to assess readiness in an organization prior to implementing KT interventions in health care. We used the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing to assess the psychometric properties of identified ORC measurement instruments. Findings : We found 26 eligible instruments described in 39 publications. According to the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, 18 (69%) of a total of 26 measurement instruments presented both validity and reliability criteria. The Texas Christian University –ORC (TCU-ORC) scale reported the highest instrument validity with a score of 4 out of 4. Only one instrument, namely the Modified Texas Christian University – Director version (TCU-ORC-D), reported a reliability score of 2 out of 3. No information was provided regarding the reliability and validity of five (19%) instruments. Conclusion : Our findings indicate that there are few valid and reliable ORC measurement instruments that could be applied to KT in the health care sector. The TCU-ORC instrument presents the best evidence in terms of validity testing. Future studies using this instrument could provide more knowledge on its relevance to diverse clinical contexts.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 4 December 2014
Open Access Date: 14 March 2016
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/191
This document was published in: PLoS One 2014 Dec 4, 9(12)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114338
Alternative version: 25474622
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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